How to test outliers, normality, homoscedasticity? [closed]

With the Data Analysis command in Excel I made a plot, which I can't post, because this is my first post ever.

X - abortions, Y - maternal deaths.
SUMMARY OUTPUT is this:

Regression Statistics
Multiple R  0.796827692
R Square    0.634934371
Standard Error  9.360700845
Observations    18

ANOVA
df  SS  MS  F   Significance F
Regression  1   2438.341925 2438.341925 27.82773596 7.54568E-05
Residual    16  1401.963525 87.62272032
Total   17  3840.30545

Coefficients    Standard Error  t Stat  P-value Lower 95%   Upper 95%   Lower 95.0% Upper 95.0%
Intercept   16.80848279 8.155297195 2.06105092  0.055938494 -0.479974838    34.09694041 -0.479974838    34.09694041
X Variable 1    0.000645551 0.000122375 5.275200087 7.54568E-05 0.000386128 0.000904973 0.000386128 0.000904973

RESIDUAL OUTPUT

Observation Predicted Y Residuals
1   65.10793207 -0.157932075
2   82.68111012 -7.861110124
3   76.14620154 -14.17620154
4   71.93721172 -3.117211723
5   68.91926273 7.810737266
6   66.32285828 3.197141723
7   60.35861641 16.68138359
8   60.13396481 19.00603519
9   58.92678521 7.643214785
10  56.63572619 5.004273815
11  56.81002484 -7.890024844
12  52.19433815 -0.254338154
13  49.92070899 -7.980708991
14  47.42630153 -10.79630153
15  45.88472673 -5.024726728
16  44.74791215 0.982087854
17  43.49489846 4.025101541
18  40.40142005 -7.091420051


Question is: how to test all assumptions (e.g. outliers, normality, homoscedasticity) of the regression analysis? Can I figure out those with Excel? I also just downloaded Mathematica software - so, I am not familiar with it, but would like to use it if necessary. If you could help me with detailed steps?

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closed as not a real question by whuber♦Aug 28 '12 at 14:32

It's difficult to tell what is being asked here. This question is ambiguous, vague, incomplete, overly broad, or rhetorical and cannot be reasonably answered in its current form. For help clarifying this question so that it can be reopened, visit the help center.If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

Hi Aliya, welcome to our site! Although we welcome all statistics-related questions, we do not operate as a generator of textbooks nor as personal tutors, which is what your question appears to demand: to formulate an acceptable question you need to focus it on a specific, practical problem; state what progress you have made; and identify precisely where you need help. For more information about how to write a good question, please consult our faq. – whuber Aug 28 '12 at 14:32
@Whuber I guess I disagree.The practical problem is "How do I test for normality"which seems to me to be precise enough.My answer reflects that in my opinion he used a solution technique (OLS) that was like a pop-gun rather than the howitzer he needed to ferret out any dynamic structure or unspecified structure due to unknown assignable causes at periods 12,4,9 and 8. Identifying the "true cause" of these anomalies leads to enhanced understanding and at the same time rendering the error process to white noise.But that's just my opinion.Does anybody else on this list agree with meor am I alone? – IrishStat Aug 28 '12 at 14:54
You're addressing questions that aren't even explicitly set out here, @Irish. This one asks about testing "all assumptions" as well as "detailed steps" with Excel and Mathematica. There is no evidence that this is a time series problem. – whuber Aug 28 '12 at 15:39
@whuber I answered the question because even though it asked about all the diagnostics related to regression I thought that I could give concise answers on what methods are used. As far as providing detailed steps for carrying this out in Excel or Mathematica that probably is not appropriate for a question. IrishStat provided a detailed description of how to deal with time series modeling assumptions. I think it is interesting even though I agree that the OP was probably not looking at time series. – Michael Chernick Aug 28 '12 at 15:51
@huber the acf of .56 for lag1 in his residuals suggests time series data or evenly spaced spatial data .... at least that's what I think. I can't contrive an alternative state of nature that would create a set of residuals with this acf. – IrishStat Aug 28 '12 at 16:05