Why are we using the squared residuals instead of the absolute residuals in OLS estimation?
My idea was that we use the square of the error values, so that residuals below the fitted line (which are then negative), would still have to be able to be added up to the positive errors. Otherwise, we could have an error of 0 simply because a huge positive error could cancel with a huge negative error.
So why do we square it, instead of just taking the absolute value? Is that because of the extra penalty for higher errors (instead of 2 being 2 times the error of 1, it is 4 times the error of 1 when we square it).