# Tagged Questions

AMOS is IBM SPSS AMOS, proprietary structural equation modelling software.

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### Repeated Measures in SEM

I would have a question about using Structural Equation Modeling for comparing repeated measures results. I have a one DV which has been measured 4 times and corresponds to 4 different experimental ...
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### Missing data in path analysis using AMOS — data imputation, EM, multiple imputation, or ML?

This question reflects the dilemma I face in analyzing path models using AMOS with missing data. I have a dataset with n = 116, missing rate = 6% (Missing at Random) for a full path model with about ...
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### Question about the EFA model

Then, my supervisors suggested me to run EFA for the model but it ended up the items in the same group were being distributed to different groups, where the grouping of those items doesn't make sense ...
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### AMOS show significance of standardized regression coefficients

Can AMOS show level of significance (* or **) for standardized regression coefficients in the output model? And is there a possibility to give AMOS a cutoff for which coefficients not to show (i.e. &...
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### Mardias Coefficient, no multivariate normal distribution, what to do?

I am doing a path model in AMOS. I got this result for the analysis of multivariate normal distribution. How would you recommend to proceed? I wanted to calculate a Maximimum Likelihood estimation, ...
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### Can we multiply two observed items and use the composite item as single input variable for CFA/SEM analysis

Please tell if I can multiply two observed items and use the composite item as single input variable for CFA/SEM analysis. What term is used for this act of multiplying of items in SEM lingo (like ...
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### How to report the results of a complex path analysis?

I started with a model with 5 IVs and 7 DVs. This model had a poor fit (RMSEA = 0.405, CFI=0.760 or so). Most of my hypotheses were not confirmed, i.e. many regression coefficients were not ...
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### Poor Model Fit - Path Analysis using AMOS

I have a dataset that has around 2400 records. When I tried path analysis using AMOS, I am getting a poor model fit. I am wondering if there is aways to justify the poor model fit? Also, is it fine to ...
428 views

### Good Multivariate normality coefficient but suspicious univariate indices in AMOS, what to do?

We are conducting a research with 15 observed variables. Before starting a SEM model based on our data-set (of 531 cases), we tried to check for uni-variate & multivariate normality problems. The ...
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### The results of EFA are different from those of theory, how to conduct CFA?

I have a dependent construct (attitude) which has at least 2 dimensions in theory (affective & behavioral). The scale measure adopted for this research is found to have 2 or 3 dimensions in ...
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### amos: zero chi-quare and zero df confusion

I have five concepts in a theoretical model (animosity, ethnocentrism, religiosity, patriotism, satisfaction). The EFA result shows that there is only one actor for each construct: f1 (animosity) ...
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### How to test the GOF of the measurement model in AMOS? [duplicate]

When I searched a lot of online thesis in which the authors adopted the SEM, I found two main currents. Let's assume that we have a model with three variables (quality, price & satisfaction) where ...
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### Can Amos SEM deal with binary dependent variable?

Hi I'm doing a SEM using AMOS. The outcome is the success of consumer satisfaction, which is measured by 2 questions. How satisfied are you? (1-7) How likely would like to recommend ? (1-10) If ...
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### Bayesian SEM in AMOS - suggest resources?

I'm looking for resources regarding Bayesian SEM estimation using AMOS built-in procedures (I have ordered categorical data). Google gives some basic resources on theory, but not so much on ...
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### Measurement Invariance

My colleagues and I are analyzing data by using multi-group SEM. Background We would like to know how individuals' commitment in a specific leisure activity influences their well-being. Specifically,...
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### Invariance test after CFA model

Should I do invariance test after my CFA model was created and model fits were good? Should I do common methods bias, too? If so, how do you do these procedures in AMOS?
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### CFA in Amos - Is my model correct for my analysis?

I want to do an CFA on a questionaire with four subscales in my sample, because I need to know, if they are independent from each other. I added all items to each subscale and then drew the ...
403 views

### Creating composite vairables in Structural Equation Modeling

I was wondering if you can help me. I want to run a pathway model using composite variables. Each composite variable is made up of 3 or 4 observed items. To create the composite variable to draw my ...
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### poor Fit Indices

i am facing problem in getting the good fit indices. my sample size is 236, i have 4 latent variables(A:3component each:4, B:1 component 4item, C:1 component 4 item, D: 3 component each 3-4) so 31 ...
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### Is this mediation or a simple path?

This is my model adapted from a study. I want to know whether I can only study it as a path analysis without studying mediation effect (1 $\longrightarrow$ 5 direct effect, as well as indirect effect) ...
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### When fitting a model in Amos with ordinal data do I use Bollen stine adjustment or Baysian techniques?

I am trying to run a model validation/fit in AMOS using 18 items and three factors. The data is ordinal (1-4 scale) for each item. My data is non-normal both on a univariate and multivariate level. I ...
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### Structural Equation Model design through AMOS, interpretation help

I have calculate the estimates through Maximum Likelihood procedure with model of six latent variables(presented in big ellipse) with respective observed variables (presented in rectangle) in AMOS 20....
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### SPSS Amos Binary Outcome - Model Fit

I was just wondering if anybody could help me, I'm conducting a path analysis in SPSS Amos with a binary outcome. I've specified the variable as binary using Tools>Data Recode, I've then calculated ...
1k views

### How to create item parcels in SPSS Amos?

I am trying to run a SEM to see the causal relationship among latent variables. I ran the CFA and SEM using Amos, but I realized that the model is very complicated since one factor, which I originally ...
660 views

### Can AMOS be used to perform logistic regressions?

I need to compare 11 groups of data, for the same relationship. My first thoughts were to create 11 regression equations (one for each), and to compare parameters between groups. Problem is that ...
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### What test should I perform on a structural equation model?

This model is a replication of an earlier study. After factor analysis in SPSS, I need to test my hypothesis (as you can see there are 7) all should give significant positive relation with each other. ...
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### Covariance between factors in CFA (Amos)

I ran a Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) in Amos and obtained a model with high covariance between the factors. James described this covariance in his video as alarming. What can I do to tackle ...
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### How do I convert unstandardized RMR estimates into standardized RMR estimates?

I am having difficulty turning unstandardized RMR estimates from AMOS software output in a SEM into standardized estimates to enable suitable interpretation. Can someone give me advice on where to ...
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### Why did fixing the covariance value cause AMOS to mis-estimate variance?

I have 100 data points on two variables, a and b. The correlation between the two is .3 and the SD is 1. When I run the ...
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### Removing parameters in AMOS when $\chi^2$ value and DF are 0

I am VERY new to SEM and AMOS. I ran a model where I obtained 0 DF, so it could not compute the fit. So, I am left to cut out parameters. HOWEVER, I'm not sure where I can cut them in my particular ...
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### How to get confidence intervals for specific indirect effects in Amos?

Say I have an SEM model with 1 predictor variable (IV), 2 mediators (MV1, MV2) and 1 dependent variable (DV). Amos reports combined indirect effects for an IV on a DV. So the combined indirect effect ...
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### Comparing SEM software apps: AMOS vs Stata vs Mplus vs R -— opinions please? [closed]

I have AMOS and Stata, and I have a colleague who has Mplus (and I'd rather not ask the colleague to run my data for me). I recently discovered that Stata has SEM capabilities. I looked online, but I ...
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### Doing CFA on a known theoretical model, but having problems with convergent and discriminant validity

I did a survey based on the UTAUT model / theory with standard questions used. The N was 150. I am trying to validate the model for my survey with structural equation modeling (via the AMOS software). ...
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### CFA factor scores AMOS

I am conducting my confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) using AMOS, and respectivelly get the factor weights, the model fit, etc. However, is there a way in AMOS to export the actual factor scores for ...
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### Issues with SEM and CFA in AMOS

Firstly: I want to run a CFA with 7 latent variables and 39 observed variables. For a guide of how I constructed my CFA, I used this Youtube Video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JkZGWUUjdLg It ...
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### What is causing degrees of freedom and negative variance issues when estimating CFA with uncorrelated factors?

Ultimately I want to estimate a second-order factor structure in AMOS. As such I am trying to compare the fit of a first-order model in which the first-order factors are (a) constrained to be ...
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### Path diagram for a second order factor model

I want to fit a second order factor model to some data. Do I need to add an error term to the endogenous factor? I'm thinking about e10, here. I omitted it at first, but AMOS was surprised about that ...
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### Standardizing standardized data?

Let's assume I standardize my data in SPSS through converting them to z-values. Then I save my dataset and load it into AMOS to do some regressions. Now, the data is already standardized, but AMOS ...
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### When two variables are correlated, how can I draw two variables for SEM using AMOS?

I would like to use AMOS for SEM. According to the literature, either (1) worry is correlated with anxiety, or (2) worry is characterized by anxiety. Would you help me as to how I can draw one ...
191 views

### fractions or wholes for the slope in a latent growth model?

When trying to model a latent growth model in lavaan and AMOS respectively, they seem to approach the time spacing of the slope estimates differently. Lavaan defaults to whole numbers increasing by ...
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### SEM or path analysis using AMOS, issues with sample size and model complexity

I am new to SEM / AMOS and as such I have done a lot of reading around my problem but find I am getting lost, any help would be appreciated and I am sorry if this sounds rather basic; I have a model ...
845 views

### Entering panel-data (cross-sectional time-series data) into SPSS

I don't know how to enter pooled data (I have data about 42 countries over 7 years per variable) into SPSS and then run a regression. So far, SPSS does not assign the observations to a certain ...
2k views

### What does a chi-square value of zero means in CFA?

I am new to SEM and I am trying to run CFA for a 3-item Job satisfaction scale in Amos. I am getting the following as results. ...
2k views

### Whether to use correlation matrix between latent variables or raw data as input to SEM?

I have a fairly large model - a total of 8 latent variables and each one has 10 items (observed variables). Drawing this model is a mess (there is a mediation effect as well). Is it better to just ...
585 views

### Comparing structural equation models with multivariate non-normality

I am aware that multivariate non-normality in SEM can inflate the chi-square statistic and deflate standard errors of parameter estimates. I can deal with the latter (in AMOS) using bootstrapping ...
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### Are composite variables (eg. a score) valid to perfom a SEM in AMOS?

I have a resilience scale with 11 items (observed variables), from which I calculated the mean to get a "resilience score" (what would usually be an unobserved variable or latent construct in SEM ...
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### Using SEM or multiple regression for analyzing questionnaire data with multiple 'sub-items'

I am currently doing my MBA and I am attempting to find out what variables affect new student intake at the university which I am working at. My model is based on the 7Ps of the marketing mix (Product,...