1
vote
0answers
61 views

Infer causality with high collinearity

I recently started to ask myself how to measure the impact of education on indexes like GDP: what is the outcome of mathematics or computer science on GDP, at the country level for instance. In this ...
7
votes
1answer
520 views

Is it possible to have a variable that acts as both an effect modifier and a confounder?

Is it possible to have a variable that acts as both an effect (measurement) modifier and a confounder for a given pair of risk-outcome associations? I'm still a little unsure of the distinction. I've ...
6
votes
3answers
190 views

What to conclude when you fail to find an association in an epidemiological study?

Normally when somebody finds an association in an epidemiological study people are quick to point out that it doesn't prove causality, that there are problems of missing co-founders, that it is at ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Does control get us closer to or farther from causation?

In logistic regression with an N of 40,000, purchase decision is unrelated to price. However, with certain demographic variables controlled, price can show a positive coefficient of meaningful ...