"Given certain conditions, the mean of a sufficiently large number of iterates of independent random variables, each with a well-defined mean and well-defined variance, will be approximately normally distributed" ([Wikipedia](http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Central_limit_theorem)).

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Clarification on Central Limit Theorem [duplicate]

I have this (some_variable, frequency) data. Initially when I plotted the top 10% of this list. I got below, graph (zipf's graph) - Now with this data, I ...
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43 views

What is the multivariate analog of the median?

There is a univariate mean: sum the points and divide by the count. There is a multivariate mean analog - the centroid, a point in a multidimensional space. (1). For the median one sorts the list ...
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1answer
36 views

mean of population with repeated samples of varying size - how to apply CLT?

I have a population with mean $\mu$ and variance $\sigma^2$. I draw a sample with $n_i$ number of i.i.d random observations from population. I compute the mean for this sample as $mean_i$. I then ...
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27 views

Expected value non-independent random variables

Let $X$ be a set of costumers, {$x_1, ..., x_N$}, each $x_i \in X$ have a discount $p_i$ in the interval $[0,1]$, it means if $p_i$ is 0.3, $x_i$ will pay only 0.3 of the entire value. I want to know ...
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1answer
36 views

Variance in central limit theorem

Why is it that $\sqrt{n}(X_{n}-\mu)$ converges in distribution to $N(0,\sigma^{2})$ but $\sqrt{n}(X_{n}-\mu)/\sigma$ converges in distribution to $N(0,1)$?
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14 views

Expectation of ratio of functions of Bernoullis: a concentration question

Consider the following $n \times n$ symmetric matrix of i.i.d. Bernoulli random variables, $X_{ij}$. For $i=1,...,n$ and $i<j\le n$. Let $X_{ij} \sim \text{Bernoulli}(p)$ when $i \ne j$, and let ...
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1answer
27 views

A simple question on CLT in possible connection with Berry-Esseen thm

I am curious about the contents while I read a note on machine learning. It could be obvious. So, please let me know if I am missing some fundamental things. $X_1,X_2,...,X_n$ are from an i.i.d. ...
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2answers
235 views

Normal approximation for large data set?

I have a dataset that is highly skewed. See image below: When I transform the data I get the following histogram that makes it look normal: This data however is not normal. I get a p-value of ...
3
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0answers
54 views

How to find an appropriate sample size given information about the CV?

You are planning to collect a (simple random) sample to estimate the mean of a non-negative random variable. It is known that the population coefficient of variation (CV) is 1.2. Use the central ...
3
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1answer
159 views

Central Limit Theorem, what does it really say? [duplicate]

I know that the Central Limit Theorem states that if a random sample of size $n$ is drawn from iid random variables $X_1, \ldots, X_n$, then the variable $$ Z = \frac{\hat x - E(X) }{{\rm sd}(\hat ...
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33 views

ANOVA's and reaction time data

I've been reading a lot on the effect of perceptual load on selective attention but the analysis confuses me somewhat. Some of these studies flag 20-40ms differences between conditions as significant ...
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2answers
54 views

Sampling distribution of the mean of population that assume values only between 0 and 1

I'm trying to use central limit theorem to compute the mean of the sample, however the population where I'm sampling has value only between 0 and 1, can I use mean of the sample as mean of the ...
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0answers
10 views

Normal distribution approximation using central limit theorem [duplicate]

I have a variable with 150 observations and it is non normal. Wouldn't CLT be useful in this context. What does large n really mean in CLT?
3
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1answer
107 views

Confidence interval for the standard deviation on a bimodal distribution

I have a bimodal distribution, and I wish to estimate the mean and standard deviation of the population (well, these could be 2 sub-populations according to the shape). With the mean I have no ...
2
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0answers
54 views

Standard error on median for exponential distribution

I am trying to find the standard error on the median, $\sigma_\tilde{x}$, for a sample, $X_i$, of a population whose pdf could be modelled as $\lambda e^{-\lambda x} $ if normalized. To make sure we ...
5
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1answer
45 views

Reference request: local limit theorem for log-concave densities

The following is easy to prove and can't possibly be new. But I can't find it printed anywhere despite some effort. Can anyone tell me where it is published? Let $X_1,X_2,\ldots$ be a sequence of ...
6
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6answers
395 views

Dealing with non-normal distribution in “big” datasets, when do we throw out the CLT?

Apologies from the go as this question comes from an absolute newbie and will definitely not satisfy a lot of the detail required. Hence, your guidance in providing you the right information to allow ...
6
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1answer
93 views

Asymptotic distribution of sample variance of non-normal sample

This is a more general treatment of the issue posed by this question. After deriving the asymptotic distribution of the sample variance, we can apply the Delta method to arrive at the corresponding ...
3
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1answer
172 views

Question about standard deviation and central limit theorem

I have a quick question about the central limit theorem. Lets say I measure some value that comes from an arbitrary distribution N times and I repeat this M times. I understand that if I calculcate ...
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36 views

Probability that a sample mean is between two values using Central Limit Theorem

Mean is $2.707$, standard deviation is $.049$, sample of $35$ is drawn from the population. What is the probability that the mean price for the sample was between $2.683$ and $2.716$? It was suggested ...
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1answer
62 views

Quick Question - Approximate distribution for sample mean?

I am having issues answering part two. I think it is about CLT, correct me if I'm wrong. But how do you compute the distribution details from this ? Please help and thank you for all your ...
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1answer
25 views

Use of standard error of the mean when the components are not identically-distributed

Let {$X_1$, ..., $X_n$} be a random sample of size n in which the different elements are measurements drawn from $m$ different populations with different distributions. From the Central Limit Theorem, ...
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2answers
73 views

How do I test that a sequence of data satisfies the Central limit theorem?

I have some data stored as a list from some computations. I want to calculate the "distance" the sequence is away from satisfying the central limit theorem. I would like to know, what should I use as ...
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60 views

Error for combining multiple binomial distributions

This problem is somewhat involved and I have a partial solution so bear with me. I will illustrate the problem with an example. Lets say we have two processes and we want to know which has a higher ...
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1answer
123 views

Is there a theorem that says that $\sqrt{n}\frac{\bar{X} - \mu}{S}$ converges in distribution to a normal as $n$ goes to infinity?

Let $X$ be any distribution with defined mean, $\mu$, and standard deviation, $\sigma$. The central limit theorem says that $$ \sqrt{n}\frac{\bar{X} - \mu}{\sigma} $$ converges in distribution to a ...
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2answers
62 views

Self-study question on CLT

Good evening everyone, I am currently doing a self-study on CLT and was working on an exercise which asks if the following statement is true or false CLT guarantees that the population mean is ...
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2answers
70 views

Convergence in distribution results not deriving from central limit theorem?

In the stats class I took, all the results I have encountered about the convergence in distribution of some random variables are in one way or another consequences of the Central Limit Theorem. Out ...
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2answers
66 views

Normal Distribution CLT Question

I am working on a self-study question where A study indicates that the typical American woman spends USD 340 per year for personal care products. The distribution of the amount follows a ...
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1answer
46 views

Distribution of a Mean and Variance

Say we have observations $x_1 \dots x_n$ and we have some sort of Bayesian framework where we would like to estimate a distribution for the mean $\mu$ of our observations and the variance $\sigma^2$ ...
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3answers
178 views

If $Z_i =\min \{k_i, X_i\}$, $X_i \sim U[a_i, b_i]$, what is the distribution of $\sum_iZ_i$?

Assume the following set up: Let $Z_i = \min\{k_i, X_i\}, i=1,...,n$. Also $X_i \sim U[a_i, b_i], \; a_i, b_i >0$. Moreover $k_i = ca_i + (1-c)b_i,\;\; 0<c<1$ i.e. $k_i$ is a convex ...
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1answer
50 views

Theoretical Justification for Cross Validation

I get it, cross validation works. I'm wondering if there is an literature out there giving any theoretical justification for cross validation. My thought is that there should be, at least, something ...
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1answer
139 views

Using central limit theorem for approximation

Let $X$ be a random varaible from a distribution with pdf $$ f(x) = \theta x^{\theta-1}, \quad 0< x < 1. $$ a) Name the distribution of $U=-\ln(X)$ by first finding its density ...
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1answer
85 views

Does heteroskedasticity matter if you have a large enough sample?

Let's say you run a regression with over 200 observations. Would this reasonably large sample mitigate the impact of residuals heteroskedasticity as an offshoot of the Central Limit Theorem, or ...
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1answer
41 views

Can I pull a confidence interval out of a single sample by dividing it into sub-samples?

Let's say I have taken a sample $S$ of a population. I am trying to figure out the population mean. Because I have only made one sample, the best I can do is assume that $\bar S$ is the mean of the ...
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1answer
66 views

Does the Central Limit Theorem only work for iid random variables?

Can we say anything about the distribution of the sum of not iid random variables?
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201 views

Convergence in Distribution\CLT

Given that $N = n$, the conditional distr. of $Y$ is $\chi ^2(2n)$. $N$ has marginal distr. of Poisson($\theta$), $\theta$ is a positive constant. Show that, as $\theta \rightarrow \infty$, $\space ...
6
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1answer
120 views

Example of CLT when moments do not exist

Consider $X_n = \begin{cases} 1 & w.p (1 - 2^{-n})/2\\ -1 &w.p~ (1 - 2^{-n})/2\\ 2^{k} &w.p~ 2^{-k} \text{ for } k > n\\ \end{cases}$ I need to show that even though this has ...
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1answer
79 views

CLT can be used for weighted sum of different Bernoulli variables?

Suppose $$ z_i \sim Bernoulli (p_i) $$ Can we use CLT for the following weighted sum? $$ S = \sum_i w_i z_i $$ i.e. can $S$ be approximated with a normal distribution? If yes, with which theorem? ...
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1answer
105 views

central limit theorem

can I do my statistics work based on the central limit theorem? I need to perform a t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression. my outcome variable is highly not normally distributed (Highly positively ...
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1answer
60 views

Self-study question

I'm currently working on a self study worksheet. I understand most parts of the solution for part III, but I can't seem to make out how this comes about: QUESTION: ANSWER:
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70 views

Central limit theorem with scilab

I'm trying to illustrate the CLT with scilab but my results are weird. Did I make a mistake ? ...
3
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53 views

Shouldn't a function of data from a PDF repeated over and over on new data eventually yield a Gaussian PDF?

I got into an interesting discussion with a co-worker today and we are not sure what the answer is: We have $N=1000$ samples from a Rayleigh PDF. We take those $N$ samples, and compute their ...
3
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1answer
59 views

Central Limit Theorem: Likelihood multiplication

Been watching this video by Tom Minka on Expectation Propagation (http://videolectures.net/mlss09uk_minka_ai/). At about 19:12, he says that the reason the moment matching technique works is that when ...
3
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3answers
177 views

Can a normal approximation assumption justify itself?

I am learning elementary statistics. I found an exercise, which asks to compute the desired sample size for some interval for standard error. The solution, in class slides, first assumes the sample ...
4
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1answer
124 views

Convergence in distribution (central limit theorem)

If $X_1, ... , X_n$ be iid exponential with mean $1/\lambda$. Let $S_n = X_1 + ... + X_n$. a) Show that $S_n$ is $\Gamma(n, 1/\lambda)$. Each $X_i$ is $\Gamma(1, 1/\lambda)$ by the ...
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1answer
148 views

Can a two-sample t-test be used with data that doesn't follow a normal distribution?

One of the assumptions for t-tests is that the data must follow a normal distribution. However, due to the Central Limit Theorem (and this thread): "if the sample is large enough you can use t-test ...
4
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2answers
226 views

How useful is the CLT in applications?

My lecturer just covered the Lindberg-Levy central limit theorem and the multivariate version, the Lindberg-fuller CLT. I understood the basic concept and I can derive it, etc. But it would help my ...
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1answer
69 views

What does it mean to scale random variables?

We just started learning asymptotic theory, and to prove the lindberg-levy central limit theorem, weak law of large numbers etc, we 'scale and standardize' the RVs so it ends up having a standard ...
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32 views

Probability of an SRS having a mean between two values

Can anybody help me out with the following question? The distribution of the age at which all married males got married is right skewed with mean = 22.9 years and  standard deviation = 1.5 years. ...
0
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1answer
85 views

When Monte Carlo simulation can't be used to simulate a statistical system?

My question is simple. Which are the general conditions for which a Monte Carlo simulation can be used to represent a statistical system? Or conversely, which are the statistical system that cannot be ...