EDA stands for "Exploratory data analysis". Developed by Tukey to contrast w/ *confirmatory* DA (the formal testing of hypotheses), EDA is typically concerned w/ describing data numerically & graphically to make the data easier to understand & to yield new insights.

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Can factor analysis identify factor structure if only 5-15% of my sample give positive responses?

Looking to do EFA and CFA with different versions of the same data; 3 to 4 thousand participants, 50 symptoms with a 4-point Likert scale. I would expect most of the participants to endorse 5-10 out ...
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1answer
53 views

How to approach a regression problem? [closed]

I have to solve a regression problem involving 302 variables. How do we select appropriate models or ensemble of models to work well ? Does this decision of choosing models come from the ideas ...
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36 views

Rule of thumb for exploratory data

I frequently perform 2k factorial design of experiments and fit the data to a linear regression to control/optimize processes in a manufacturing environment. I have noticed recently that a large ...
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1answer
64 views

Python/R Exploratory Data Analysis for Classification [closed]

Are there preexisting functions in Python/R that create exploratory data analysis plots like the following:
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40 views

Conceptual question: how is a factor created in exploratory factor analysis?

As a conceptual question: in exploratory factor analysis, how is a factor created? I would like to know your simple answer to this simple question. Imagine, my academic field does not dependent on ...
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1answer
239 views

What is the “horseshoe effect” and/or the “arch effect” in PCA / correspondence analysis?

There are many techniques in ecological statistics for exploratory data analysis of multidimensional data. These are called 'ordination' techniques. Many are the same or closely related to common ...
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34 views

Introduction to Explorative Sequential Data Analysis

Short version I am looking for introductory material to explorative data analysis of complex sequential data like website activity, hospital visits etc. Long version Currently I am facing data ...
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1answer
54 views

Exploratory data analysis using box plots

How should you make a box plot when the data have an outlier? Must we use the data with the outlier, or use the data without the outlier? If we use the data without the outlier, we will change the ...
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1answer
190 views

How to interpret notched box plots

While doing some EDA I decided to use a box plot to illustrate the difference between two levels of a factor. The way ggplot rendered the box plot was satisfactory, but slightly simplistic (first ...
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23 views

How can we observe interaction?

Are there graphical methods to determine whether there are some sort of interaction between two variables towards the response variable? Thanks!
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3answers
142 views

Exploratory data analysis for a dataset with continuous and categorical variables

I have a data set which has DV and around 40 IVs. I want to select best variables out of the existing ones. I can use correlation, but it requires only numeric variables. I would like to see relation ...
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2answers
131 views

Is it appropriate to do an ANOVA on a feature selected via inspecting PCA results?

I've been given a dataset consisting of 8 dimensional feature vectors for 4 classes of objects. I was asked to find the features that best distinguish the classes, and write up a short report. My ...
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38 views

(LDA) Topic Modeling: eliminate Junktopics through normalization

Question: Is it reasonable to normalize topics to eliminate junk-topics and get a better distinction of document-relations? I used the MALLET-LDA Java-library to estimate a ParallelTopicModel with ...
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21 views

Topic Model inference for subselection

Question: Does the inference of a trained topic model (LDA) used on a subselection of a text corpus result in more accurate document-document-relations? I used the MALLET-LDA Java-library to estimate ...
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8 views

What is the discrete equivalent to the 4-plot?

Quoting NIST, when analyzing a continuous variable, one needs to validate four assumptions that typically underlie all measurement processes; namely, that the data at hand "behave like": random ...
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35 views

Reduction of species variables in vegetative analysis

Edited following helpful feedback. I have vegetation species data for a number of grassland habitat sites, and am preparing to begin Exploratory Data Analysis. Data was collected in 100 quadrats over ...
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57 views

What statistical technique could I use to see if gender effect exists in this scenario?

Suppose I give 6 short stories (of word length varying from 200 to 400),and ask N=100 students about which one (e.g., story #1, #2,..., #6) is their favorite story (see below table). Some data are ...
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2answers
1k views

If my histogram shows a bell-shaped curve, can I say my data is normally distributed?

I created a histogram for Respondent Age and managed to get a very nice bell-shaped curve, from which I concluded that the distribution is normal. Then I ran the normality test in SPSS, with n = 169. ...
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1answer
54 views

Quantitative Location Shifting Detection for Run-Sequence Plot

I am trying to complement a Run-Sequence Plot by some quantitative metric to validate that a dataset has a fixed location. Since the Run-Sequence Plot will be used in the early phases of Exploratory ...
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1answer
164 views

Minimum cumulative variance to extract in exploratory factor analysis to ensure a good fit

As a part of my exploratory factor analysis, I would like to report the cumulative variance % (eigenvalues). I wonder if there are guidelines on the minimum percentage in order to have a good model ...
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1answer
51 views

Is there any rule of thumb to delete a variable in a large data set?

I'm working with a large set as a project for the business analytic course with $10^5$ observations and 170+ variables, some of which come with a missing value proportion of larger than 20%, even more ...
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218 views

Quick Exploratory Analysis of Categorical Data

Does anyone know of a tool (preferably free) that does quick analysis of exploratory data mainly categorical with date. Using R and Python I can create time series and histograms, perform tests such ...
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6answers
3k views

Is there any good reason to use PCA instead of EFA?

In some disciplines, PCA (principal component analysis) is systematically used without any justification, and PCA and EFA (exploratory factor analysis) are considered as synonyms. I therefore ...
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2answers
124 views

Which is correct way for regression line?

I have a set of data (some Frequencies per month, Var1 is the month): ...
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659 views

How to do exploratory data analysis to choose appropriate machine learning algorithm

We are studying machine learning via Machine Learning: A Probabilistic Perspective (Kevin Murphy). While the text explains the theoretical foundation of each algorithm, it rarely says in which case ...
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1answer
52 views

How to determine moving window size?

I am using moving window technique for data analysis... For example I compute the mean, the standard deviation and etc. for a given window. And I wonder if there's any good criterion to determine ...
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2answers
785 views

What are some good examples of exploratory data analysis today?

Are there some papers published which illustrate EDA used to tackle substantial data problems? I am particularly looking for actual (current) data examples, where plots have been made and statistics ...
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97 views

Can factor analysis improve the fit of a predictive regression model?

My company is working with a client who have built a logistic regression model to predict whether kids with psychiatric disorders will successfully complete a State intervention program (Yes or No). ...
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79 views

Is there a way to explain and generalise the decision made by random forest?

I saw a similar question was asked a few years ago, maybe there are updates on that. I would like to have a way to explain the decisions generated by random forest, possibly in a single tree. I ...
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3answers
106 views

I do not have hypotheses for my research and I have got only categorical data. what kind of data analysis can i conduct? also

I do not have hypotheses for my research and I have got only categorical data. what kind of data analysis can i conduct for correlation between variables? also is chi-square used only for hypotheses ...
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1answer
443 views

Determining probability distribution for datasets with missing values

As a part of my exploratory data analysis (EDA) prior to further analysis, I'm trying to determine a probability distribution of my pilot dataset's variables. A particular feature of this dataset is a ...
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2answers
39 views

Cross Vaidation in Factor Analysis

I am trying to conduct an EFA with a sample size of 150 respondents. I would also like to use cross-validation but my professor says that the sample is not big enough for that. Is that true?
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2answers
178 views

Is PCA appropriate for comparing subsets of panel data?

I have a large panel (5000+ subjects, 4 variables over 182 periods), and I've identified particular Granger-causal relationship in a large subset of those subjects (30% or so). I would like to somehow ...
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1answer
928 views

R scatterplot matrix with nonparametric density

I normally use MATLAB, or JMP but right now am working with R. I have ~150 dimensional data with a few hundred thousand rows. Some of the columns are non-informative, they only have one value. This ...
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57 views

Exploring properties of groups in R

I have a data frame with the following structure: ...
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50 views

factor analysis: can irrelevant factors be identified by tweaking FA options?

So I ran a factor analysis (principal components method) on a dataset, first using the correlation matrix and then using the covariance matrix, both with varimax rotations. The results of both factor ...
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48 views

What to do when exploratory factor analysis results are different for complete-cases and imputed data?

I have a hundred items that I'm performing EFA on, with around 370 complete cases. Using parallel analysis to determine the number of factors to extract, EFA gave 9 factors, all of which make ...
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2answers
232 views

factor analysis problem in structural equation model

I am using an Extended Technology Acceptance Model and have adopted an instrument from a research paper. After performing factor analysis in SPSS, most questions related to different constructs ...
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456 views

should i take this variable which consist only 1 question in factor analysis? (all other variables are based on multiple questions)

I'm conducting a study on internet shopping adoption. I'm using a structural model from a research paper. My supervisor has asked me to conduct a factor analysis using SPSS. I'm quite weak in stats ...
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97 views

The (statistically unsound) exploratory study (no particular hypothesis)

It seems like a proposed study gets penalised if it doesn't also predict the direction of an effect. For instance, if I want to see the effect of a certain medication on happiness ratings, but do not ...
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1answer
165 views

Exploratory Analysis - finding the most important factor

I have a dataset of 113 variables. In exploratory analysis the first thing I want to know is what are the most important factors on a single variable (revenue). I learned that naive Bayes would ...
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5answers
343 views

How to keep exploratory analyses of large datasets in check?

When I start an exploratory analysis on a large data set (many samples, many variables), I often find myself with hundreds of derived variables, and tonnes of different plots, and no real way to keep ...
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2answers
57 views

What are some differences between confirmatory analysis and exploratory analysis?

In confirmatory analysis do you basically just test hypotheses? Then in exploratory analysis you try to generate hypotheses? In general, I know that you can first do exploratory analysis to form ...
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110 views

Exploratory factor analysis

I am running exploratory factor analysis and have extracted 3 factors, with items clearly loading on each one. However, it appears to me that the items that have loaded onto the first factor could be ...
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151 views

Does confirmatory = inferential, and exploratory = descriptive analysis / statistics?

Reading this webpage, I wonder: Are confirmatory analysis / statistics and inferential analysis / statistics the same concept? Are exploratory analysis / statistics and descriptive analysis / ...
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2answers
451 views

Is confirmatory vs exploratory statistics “induction vs deduction”?

This webpage says: Inferential Statistics - Deductive Approach Descriptive Statistics - Inductive Approach But I doubt it. If I understand correctly, Inferential Statistics is "given ...
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1answer
100 views

Is there a branch of statistics that tries to explain “why” the dataset has certain statistical properties?

Suppose I have a big dataset and I compute some statistical summary of it - e.g., the correlation of one dimension with another. I think a reasonable question to ask would be "what data points ...
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2answers
457 views

Exploratory data analysis vs null hypothesis testing

Why would exploratory data analysis be important to undertake before null-hypothesis tests?
6
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1answer
322 views

Variables lack correlation, but have pattern

Below is the graph of two variables, X and Y, each representing count data. N=348. Note the scales of the axes: Y is very approximately lognormal, but X has no decent fit (including Poisson, ...
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5answers
1k views

Data “exploration” vs data “snooping”/“torturing”?

Many times I have come across informal warnings against "data snooping" (here's one amusing example), and I think I have an intuitive idea of roughly what that means, and why it may be a problem. On ...