Methods and principles of selecting a subset of attributes for use in further modelling

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How to compare the relative importance of features in GP regression?

Kernel function with different length scales, such as the squared exponential function, is said to be able to quantify the relative importance among the input (predictor) features. The idea is to ...
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8 views

Evaluation of features, how to find which feature is the most effective?

My question is following, which approach should i use in order to make a evaluation of features. To be more specific, for example we have a tweet message: "The weather is nice outside, it makes me ...
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18 views

Including Feature Selection in Cross Validation - Application to Bag of Words

I am working on a prediction problem where I was given a 6,000 record dataset with the value of the dependent variable included ("train"), and a 2,000 record dataset with the same independent ...
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10 views

Feature Extraction for landscape images

I work on a landscape-image database (forests, beaches, landmarks, cities etc.) and I'm trying to find the similarity between them, I don't have labels or any specific classes, I just want to find ...
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10 views

Datasets with a specific decision structure [closed]

I'm looking for classification datasets where the prediction variable has a certain structure, i.e. if the possible prediction outcomes are natural numbers between 1 and 10, the user is more preferred ...
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21 views

Which one is correct phase for neural network or support vector machine? Features or Inputs?

Which one is correct phase for Neural Network or Support Vector Machine? Features or Inputs? Based on ...
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1answer
109 views

Features that correspond to rare events: how rare is “too rare” to be informative?

I am working with 82 binary features constructed from six categorical features. I have about 1,600 observations. Some of these features correspond to extremely rare categories. Some of them have only ...
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20 views

Tree analysis - CHAID cart

I am new to CHAID and want to know how to decide which independent variables I should select to run CHAID Analyis? Is there a technique to select and then apply them and run the analysis? Please guide ...
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1answer
30 views

Can adding an additional feature to a perceptron classifier make the results worse?

I am using perceptron to solve a classification problem. I have a limited amount of features (26) and iterate through all possible combinations of them. A combination of two features [feature_a, ...
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21 views

What will be the simple interpretation for the coefficients for features obtained in any Machine learning models?

I am working with a data that consists of two classes. I have used scikit learn, to craete models using SVM, Randomforest etc.I used to r2_score and I sorted the scores for features I am having and I ...
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34 views

How to make use of less data of a particular class for better modeling?

I have a dataset, say 9000 rows, with some features. Around 8000 belong to class 1 and 1000 to class 0. So, if I am creating a model with any method say SVM, LR, Random forest the model has a tendency ...
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29 views

Feature Representation for Samples with Different Number of Properties

I want to build a machine-learning classification model that learn from properties (features) extracted from proteins. I represent each sample (protein) using some features (e.g. 100 features ...
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1answer
52 views

Scale-invariant feature transform explanation

How do I explain the scale-invariant feature transform (SIFT) to a layman?
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I observed very different feature scoring from two different classifiers. What does it really mean?

Here what I've done. Given the dataset, I run a Random Forests and Logistic Regression with 5 Fold Stratified Data Sampling. Then I plot the feature importance for Random Forests and Logistic ...
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1answer
31 views

Automatically fixing ill-conditioning or collinearity

I'm backtesting a regression model, which entails running it on a bunch of bootstrap samples of a "rewound" version of our data set. Unfortunately, in some of these resamplings, I end up getting some ...
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21 views

Appending additional data to learnt autoencoder features

My task is to perform image segmentation / full scene image parsing. I am working on an outdoor dataset which was taken under strict spatial constraints. The images contain fruit on trees and the ...
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26 views

Clustering binary letters/text - image features and descriptors

I have a task to cluster 1 000 000 images (where each image represents one letter). They are all in binary format. I need to get clusters where each of them would represent 1 letter.. Which image ...
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1answer
62 views

No significant tests when using Benjamini-Yekutieli multiple testing correction on millions of tests

I am using a univariate filter to reduce the number of features prior to applying a learning algorithm to a huge binary classification dataset (22510066 features x 500 examples). All the features are ...
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52 views

Deep learning: representation learning or classification?

For classification, I have often heard about deep learning / deep neural networks as a form of representation learning. I am confused as to what "representation learning" means in this context. Which ...
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47 views

Reference for this claim: important features in data can be “hidden” in the higher PCA axes that are typically thrown out [duplicate]

I remember reading a paper a while ago that demonstrated some cases in which PCA would fail to capture important features of a data set in the first few principal components, but where those features ...
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8 views

R feature selection

I am working with the method randomForest for model building. And for a good model performance, it is very important to select the right features. At my example I have 30 variables and I would like to ...
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6 views

How can be assesed that a given data representation is better than the other?

Given a classification dataset, suppose I learn many different data representation with Matrix Factorization, Clustering or with such approaches. At the end , how would I decide which is better than ...
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24 views

Data-driven, high-dimensional feature selection strategies

I am working on a biomedical/healthcare data science problem. I have a dataset of 600 samples, ~6000 variables and class label as "positive" or "negative". I want to perform feature selection on ...
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1answer
27 views

Classifier with variable number of features

I am trying to make a classifier when each sample has a variable number of features. An example of how this could occur is, for example, if the features are the purchases (type, dollar amount, etc) ...
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2answers
67 views

How To Better Represent A Problem To A Machine Learning Algorithm

I am familiar with the basics of how to present a problem to a machine learning algorithm using binary encodings. I am also familiar with, but still learning about, feature selection/extraction and ...
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8 views

Find the relative importance of features weights in multi-class SVM without PCA - plotting coef distribution?

I'm classifing users with a multiclass svm (one-against-on), 3 classes. In binary, I would be able to plot the distribution of the weight of each feature in the hyperplan equation for different ...
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14 views

feature slection in random forest in python

I have a dataset consisting of 24 numeric features and about 7000 rows, i am applying random forest to get the binary classification, So please tell me how to find only the relevant features to get ...
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What's the probability that there exists a hyperplane that can split a dataset which have random feature values ?

Given n data points, each with d features, n/2 are labeled as -1, the other n/2 are labeled as 1. Each feature takes a value from [0,1] randomly (uniform distribution). What's the probability that ...
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39 views

Will adding additional features hurt the performance of SVM ?

Just wondering the effects of additional features. Following are several thoughts: If the additional features are noisy (can not distinguish the two classes), then additional features won't hurt ...
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15 views

What kind of general strategy can you apply after selecting model and hyper parameter training?

As a rookie to machine learning area, I tried to play some Data Science tutorials and beginner competitions to gain some knowledge and experience. The problem I encountered in every scenarios is ...
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13 views

Relation between chi-squared statistic scores and classification accuracy

I am evaluating the utility of two distinct sets of features for solving a given supervised classification problem with two classes. I am using the chi-squared statistic as a feature selection ...
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9 views

Finding the features that have meaning in subset of data

I have a set of $N$ points $x_i=(x_i^1, x_i^2,...,x_i^{m+k})$ in $m+k$-dimensional space ($m$ continuous dimensions and $k$ discrete). Also I have a subset of these points that are marked as "bad". ...
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1answer
26 views

After adding additional features, same accuracy on test data, but higher accuracy on training data, how should I interpret ?

I've done 5-fold cross-validation and the model is SVM. 300 features: 0.53 on test, 0.55 on training; 700 featuers: 0.53 on test, 0.67 on training. Does this mean that the additional 400 features ...
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1answer
55 views

Feature selection for time series data

I am looking for methods for feature selection (or feature extraction) for time series data. Of course I did some research before, but it was not satisfying. I am aware of methods like PCA, ...
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25 views

High dimensional explanatory variable

I have a data set of 22 observations and 6931 variables. Data belongs to two classes, 0 and 1. I would like to know which features are important for each class (species) and which one contribute the ...
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22 views

Learning if instances from a dataset are part of the same subset

I was wondering if there are some well-known machine learning methodologies for subset learning. In other words, to learn if two instances are part of the same subset or not (boolean label?). One ...
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1answer
55 views

How to increase the performance of random forest classifier?

I have a text classification task. These are the metrics for different languages at present: class1: 0.6823 class2: 0.7450 class3: 0.66 class4: 0.6719 How can I ...
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115 views

R gbm package variable influence

I'm using the excellent gbm package in R to do multinomial classification, and my question is about feature selection. After deciding the number of iterations ...
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17 views

Feature Selection for Regression Models in R [duplicate]

I’m trying to find a feature selection package in R that can be used for regression. Most of the packages implement their methods for classification using a factor ...
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1answer
55 views

Feature selection in GBM

I am using gradient boosting (caret package in R). As far as I understand, the feature selection is already included in this package. However, I slightly ...
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4answers
188 views

How can top $k$ principal components retain the predictive power on a dependent variable?

Suppose I am running a regression $Y \sim X$. Why by selecting top $k$ principle components of $X$, does the model retain its predictive power on $Y$? I understand that from ...
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1answer
96 views

GBM: Predict the response variable measured in {0,20}

I need to predict the response that has values in {0,20}. Should it be used as a factor or as a numeric value? How does it influence on the prediction error? I am using GBM with the Gaussian ...
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Need a statistic for comparing “strength” of Markov blankets in a Bayesian network

Working with Bayesian networks. I take a given network structure and fit its parameters on data. I am looking for a statistic based on those parameter estimates that allows me to compare Markov ...
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27 views

How many samples are enough

I have objects with large number of attributes (about 60.000). Attributes are actually deviations of object part from model. I would like to cluster this objects, to get centroids that will represent ...
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1answer
34 views

Find entropy in WEKA

I am new in data mining so sorry for asking this kind of silly question. I am working on FAST feature selection algorithm and for that I need to find entropy of each attribute in dataset. But the ...
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feature selection in a small sample size

I need an advice. I have a dataset consisting of 108 observations (27 subjects * 4 time points) and ~10000 features. The data represents intensity values (comes from continuous domain). When I run ...
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4answers
143 views

How to prepare/construct features for anomaly detection (network security data)

My goal is to analyse network logs (e.g., Apache, syslog, Active Directory security audit and so on) using clustering / anomaly detection for intrusion detection purposes. From the logs I have a lot ...
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2answers
104 views

Appropriately selecting explanatory (independent) variables

My aim is to carry out a GLM. I have 400 sites where I have count data of animals (response variable) and environmental characteristics (explanatory variables). At the moment I have around 40 ...
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15 views

What must be the sample size for feature selection by coefficient correlation method?

I have eight features from which I want to select 2-3 significant features for classification. The method which I adopted for doing so is coefficient correlation. The problem I am facing is for ...
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Will the classification accuracy vary if we first classify based on a single variable and then use the rest?

Let's suppose I am doing classification and that I have 99 features and another feature that says if the person is male or female. I have two options viz to build one classifier using all the ...