Methods and principles of selecting a subset of attributes for use in further modelling

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Alghorithm for choosing the best set of words for twitter filtering

I'm using the twitter API to get a stream of tweets. You can't get all the tweets from the public API, it requires you to add some word filters. But you can add up to 400 words for filtering and if a ...
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2answers
96 views

How to do cross-validation when comparing different feature selection methods?

I am using SVM for a prediction task. My sample size is small, only N=140. Suppose I want to compare the prediction accuracy when using two different feature selection methods. Would it be better to: ...
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1answer
310 views

Relationship between Gini Importance and Prediction Performance (say AUC)?

I want to use the decrease in Gini impurity to rank features for my random forest classifier. I understand that the decrease in Gini impurity at one node is calculated as: $$ \Delta i(n) = i(n) - ...
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1answer
199 views

How to analyze elastic net fitted model coefficients

SOLVED: an elastic net model, as any other logistic regression model, will not generate more coefficients than input variables. Check Zach's answer to understand how from an (apparent) low number of ...
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1answer
51 views

Stratified sampling for creating test/training sets when there are continous and categorical variables to consider?

Assume a simple clinical study with N=200. Half of the participants are men and half of the participants are women. The hemoglobin of the participants ranges between 80 and 150. There's also several ...
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122 views

Can we learn 3d features using Autoencoder?

Typically, we use Autoencoder to learn 2d features on 2d images (e.g. pen-strokes of digit). For example, if I have 10000 3d 31x31x31 images (e.g. car images). I unroll each of the images, i.e. ...
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24 views

Regression to chose questions which better correlate with a 10 points likert like score

We have a survey with several questions with 5 likert scale points and we would like to compare the answers to those of another likert like question with 10 points. The approach we thought of is a ...
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18 views

how could i handle with missing data or non existent data? [duplicate]

i tried a forecasting method and i want to check if it is correct or not and why? my study is about evaluating mutual funds for two kind of them it is a comparative study and i wan to use gcc index ...
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116 views

Using t-test for feature selection after z-scoring data?

Suppose I have a high-dimensional dataset, and a binary classification problem. I want to use the two-sample t-test for feature selection. If the data has been normalized by z-scoring (so it has zero ...
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1answer
59 views

How to adjust data to remove influence of one or more features

For my first real data science project I would like to develop a model which better reflects review quality than "useful" votes. I am working with Yelp's latest Academic data set but this thinking ...
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37 views

Multicollinearity, feature selection for discriminant analysis and the error rate

I have a question regarding feature selection in LDA/QDA and deciding to eliminate variables to find an optimal model (lowest misclassification rate) I'm looking at how quadratic and linear ...
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1answer
700 views

Removing collinear variables for LDA/QDA in R

I'm new to R and I've been searching for a while for a function which can reduce the number of explanatory variables in my lda function (linear discriminant analysis). Basically, I've loaded the ...
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67 views

LASSO prediction model question

I am trying to create a prediction model with 33 predictors (brain metabolite levels in various regions) and 8 observations (cognitive test scores) with p>>n problem using LASSO in MATLAB (...
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127 views

Selecting a multiple linear regression model with categorical variables

I am trying to analyze the Berkeley Guidance Study to practice multiple regression models, which has 10 continuous variables, 1 categorical variable (with two categories) and the response variable. ...
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20 views

filter feature selection output and cross validation

If I use a filter method for ranking the features like Relief. suppose I have 100 features with 1000 sample and I used cross validation 3-fold . therefore I have 3 ranks for may features . at the end ...
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1answer
187 views

Bi-normal separation feature selection (BNS) in R

I'm doing binary classification on highly dimensional text data, with a biased class distribution. After reading this paper, i found out about BNS feature selection. Is there any package that ...
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20 views

Combining features extracted from different parts of the same image

It is about car identification in images. I have an 64x64 image divided into 16 equal windows. I compute a HoG features algorithm in each one. And I am using the concatenation vector resulted from ...
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1answer
166 views

Tool form Hierarchical clustering

I'm trying to perform a hierarchical Clustering Analysis in a dataset of 40 attributes and +70,000 records, which is mostly composed by categorical variables. I've used Matlab and RapidMiner to ...
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29 views

Top K variable that represent entire dataset

There are 100 variables in the dataset. Also, i have extracted some additional information about each variable viz Var1 is correlated (Pearson correlation) to Var21,Var25,Var34,Var45,Var55 ; Var2 is ...
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28 views

Least-squares fitting with only optimum features, after Lasso - valid?

Using Lasso reduces the coefficients of features of a model, reducing some to zero, and thereby performing feature selection. The number of features depends on the value of $\alpha$ aka $\lambda$. In ...
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266 views

(Automated) feature selection in multiple regression with categorical variables

I need a general guide on what are the appropriate approaches to automated feature selection in multiple regression with categorical variables. In my case, I have several numeric and categorical ...
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59 views

Why normalized feature weights for linear regression are bad feature importance predictors

I am trying to interpret a linear regression model. I assumed using absolute value of feature weight coefficients as indicators of influence of input variable onto output variable. However, it seems ...
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1answer
81 views

Strategy for Analyzing Data

I have been learning about Machine Learning (via Udacity) and Statistics (via Coursera) the past few months and trying to figure out a good way to combine them for a general approach to explaining ...
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95 views

Feature selection when bagging trees/random forest

I want to get a better understanding of feature selection and how the number of features affect performance when bagging trees. I am using Matlab's treebagger and I ...
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1k views

Feature Selection: Information Gain VS Mutual Information

Setting: Multi-class classification problem with discrete nominal features. There are many references mentioning the use of IG(Information Gain) and ...
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Select the most confident variable that has two features

Suppose now I have a group of students, and for each student two measurements are given: one is the height of the student and the other is the weight of the student. Then my question is how I can ...
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77 views

Generate mixture model from data with features

I want to build a mixture model from my data, but using features of my data to calculate each component in the model. The data: For each point I have 34 associated features. Each feature is a boolean ...
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1answer
438 views

Weka java API: Attribute Selection and Cross Validation

Is there a way to perform Attirbute selection(aka feature selection) (regardless of method) only for the training dataset before passing data for Cross Validation ? I currently think that the only ...
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1answer
37 views

Use fitted value from regression on subset of features as independent variable

I am working with a relatively large data set with 2K columns and many variables can be grouped together (a logistic regression). So I am thinking can I use fitted value from regression on subset of ...
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23 views

Feature/Variable selection to accompany mixed models?

I am trying to conduct an exploratory/data mining analysis to discover what socioeconomic factors best predict grade-school performance in children. I have a dataset with about 50000 ...
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62 views

$\chi^2$ test vs F-test in feature selection

In the context of feature selection for classification, does it make sense to use one filter based on $\chi^2$ test and the other one based on F-test? Or they are "interchangeable"?
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93 views

mtry tuning given by caret higher than the number of predictors

According to this discussion, it seems that the train function of the caret package returns a ...
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27 views

Unsupervised feature learning from raw text as a previous step for clasification?

I have a corpus of 2500 opinions, is it posible to use scikit´s restricted boltzmann machine implementation to extract a feature vector as a previous step to a classification task?. What aproach do i ...
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22 views

Determine which variable or variables is/are the most efficient to predict the outcome

I have a small dataset (n=74) with a +/- 50 variables, not the best data but I have to work with it. The variables are used to select a product. I want to determine which variable or variables is/are ...
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1answer
150 views

Feature Importance in each fold and repeat after repeated cross validation in caret

this is my first post on Cross Validated so I apologize in advance if I'm not yet familiar with any conventions regarding forum posts. Currently, I'm working on a feature selection task using elastic ...
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111 views

Feature selection and training on the same sample

Is feature selection and training on the same sample a bad idea? I want to emphasize that I am not going to use test set for feature selection. If I use the whole train set for feature selection and ...
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1answer
392 views

Using topic words generated by LDA to represent a document

I want to do document classification by representing each document as a set of features. I know that there are many ways: BOW, TFIDF, ... I want to use Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) to extract ...
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40 views

Feature boosting via rescaling in logistic regression and linear SVMs

If I were expressing a problem in terms of binary features, all encoded as {0,1}, could I boost some features by encoding them as {0,2}? Would the effect change based on whether I used either of the ...
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27 views

Statistical test for feature selection

Suppose I have a procedure to select K features out of M. I repeat the procedure N times on, say bootstrapped datasets, and count how many times feature #1 appeared among selected, denote k1, how many ...
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20 views

Feature selection based on cost function

Suppose that we are searching for best features using an optimization algorithm for a classification model (MLP,SNM,Regression,etc...). We should set a cost ...
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18 views

Select the best point pair in the 2D grid [duplicate]

Suppose in the 2D space we have an array of points, and each point has a weighting factor, which is a float value ranging from 0 to 1. Each point also has a coordinate in the 2D grid. The following ...
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92 views

Why isn't the lasso selected variable even not significant?

I performed a lasso selection using lars::lars for a well normally distributed outcome using a pool of 86 predictors. Here is the plot of the output: The ...
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1answer
76 views

Handle large set of features using SVM

I have a biological dataset with 30.000 features (genes) and 1000 data points (cells). Basically I have two major classes of cells: 1 and 0 with a distribution of 90/10. Now I am trying to classify ...
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43 views

How to deal with categorical features.

Recently I am playing in the famous Big-Data website Kaggle. There is a Display Advertising Challenge. In this competition, you are giving a training file which include huge records. the records is ...
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42 views

feature selection for longitudinal data

I have a longitudinal data which looks like this. Number of time points are different for each ID. Y is the binary response variable (take values 0 & 1) and X1-X20 are either continuous or ...
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23 views

Does within-group heterogeneity negatively impact random forest classification?

I have two rather conceptual questions about random forest classifiers. Before we get there, I quickly want to lay out the problem I am working on: I have large a large data set consisting of 300 ...
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64 views

Triple nested cross validation

I have read several very informative posts including the link about the nested/double cross validation, which can determine (sub)optimal hyperparameter values as well as make an unbiased estimate of ...
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36 views

Considering non-i.i.d. covariates in random forests

Random forests are theoretically funded on the assumption that the data are i.i.d. realizations from a multivariate random vector $(X_1, \ldots, X_p, Y)$. Does it make sense to use random forests (for ...
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24 views

How to deal with a feature relating to what type of expert labelled the data that becomes unavailable at point of classification?

Essentially I have a data set, that has a feature vector, and label indicating whether it is spam or non-spam. To get the labels for this data, 2 distinct types of expert were used each using ...
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42 views

categorical feature ranking

I would like to rank categorical features by the order or importance in a classification/regression setting. Input There are two features, which are survey questions: "how is your mood?": four ...