Questions about the history of statistics.

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What is the difference between Fisher's regression and Durbin & Watson's regression?

What is the difference between Fisher's regression and Durbin & Watson's regression? Durbin & Watson suggested the error terms are unobserved. Is this important?
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0answers
29 views

Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo to compute the chances that a particular solitaire laid out with 52 cards would come out successfully

Based on some references I got from another question I learned that: While convalescing from an illness in 1946, Stan Ulam was playing solitaire. It, then, occurred to him to try to compute the ...
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1answer
29 views

Who is the creator or inventor of coefficient of determination (R-squared)?

Who is the creator or inventor of coefficient of determination (R-squared) ? I know that Galton invented correlation.
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1answer
153 views

Do I need to be a mathematician to be more than an expert in machine learning? [closed]

Machine learning has its roots principally in mathematics so if I wanted to be not only an expert but an innovator in this area would I have to be a computer scientist or would I need to be a ...
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0answers
11 views

Online Resources for Evolution of Statistical Methods in Different Disciplines

From time to time I like to read something about how data is analyzed in different disciplines. I think it is interesting to see what statistical methods are applied in different areas. Especially ...
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0answers
17 views

Early electric perceptron [closed]

As I was reading up about the perceptron, wikipedia has a tidbit that says an early prototype of the perceptron had potentiometers for weights and servos to change the weights. Would any one have a ...
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0answers
23 views

Who first suggested to approximate phases from a time series via marker events?

A rather simple approach to approximating an instantaneous (unwrapped) phase $φ$ from a time series is as follows: Define some a appropriate marker events (e.g., upwards zero crossings) $t_0 < … ...
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0answers
56 views

Did the Eggenberger-Pólya (1923) paper derive the negative binomial distribution with real-valued parameter?

The negative binomial distribution can be derived in many ways, but two famous ones are due to Greenwood & Yule (1920) and Eggenberger & Pólya (1923). Greenwood & Yule assumed unobserved ...
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0answers
16 views

Cross correlation using photographic film

I used to work for a guy who told me about working for an oil company, probably in the 1960's, doing cross correlation work by sliding two pieces of developed film strips across each other (maybe they ...
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1answer
105 views

What are some good references on how probability theory got mathematically rigorous?

I am working on a term paper for an analysis course and I thought it would be interesting to talk about the connection between analysis and probability theory. Honestly, it would also benefit me a lot ...
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0answers
92 views

story about sampling from the phone book?

I was talking with someone today about sampling and vaguely remember a story about some very well-respected statistician recommending systematic sampling from the phone book in a particular legal ...
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1answer
43 views

When was importance sampling first stated?

I'm trying to find a year of publication of the importance sampling technique. Does anyone has a reference on this? I'm tempted to say 1970 (Hastings paper), but I would like to know if anyone knew ...
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5answers
1k views

Is the “hybrid” between Fisher and Neyman-Pearson approaches to statistical testing really an “incoherent mishmash”?

There exists a certain school of thought according to which the most widespread approach to statistical testing is a "hybrid" between two approaches: that of Fisher and that of Neyman-Pearson; these ...
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2answers
133 views

odds ratio: the purpose and interpretation

Could someone please explain the purpose of the odds ratio and how it could be interpreted (i.e., the origin of their usage is in primary interest for me)? Why don't people simply use the difference ...
8
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1answer
819 views

Proof / derivation of skewness and kurtosis formulas

Can anyone explain to me where the formula of skewness or kurtosis comes from? (I mean its derivation.) What's the logic behind it? Who proved it?
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2answers
523 views

History: the role of statistics in astronomy

I recently boldly claimed in front of a group of fairly smart eighth grade students that astronomy contributed greatly to the foundations of statistics and many statistical concepts were invented for ...
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1answer
75 views

Example of the impact of statistical inference in society

When giving a talk or explaining my latest results, several colleagues of mine downsize the importance of the statistical analysis part as being "only statistics". In my opinion, the impact of ...
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3answers
3k views

How exactly did statisticians agree to using (n-1) as the unbiased estimator for population variance without simulation?

The formula for computing variance has $(n-1)$ in the denominator: $s^2 = \frac{\sum_{i=1}^N (x_i - \bar{x})^2}{n-1}$ I've always wondered why. However, reading and watching a few good videos about ...
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1answer
1k views

How did Karl Pearson come up with the chi-squared statistic?

How did Pearson come up with the following Pearson chi-squared statistics in 1900? $$ K = \sum \frac{(O_{ij} -E_{ij})^2}{E_{ij}} $$ that $$ K \sim \chi^2 $$ Did he have chi-squared in mind and ...
2
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1answer
375 views

History of Mendeleev periodic table of elements as a data visualization

I am looking for a comprehensive and authoritative reference (journal article or book) dealing with the history of Mendeleev periodic table of elements as a data visualization. I am especially ...
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1answer
787 views

How did Efron imagine the bootstrap?

Do you know Bradley Efron? He's a great man. How did Efron imagine or think about "bootstrap" for the first time?
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2answers
1k views

Why are the geometric distribution and hypergeometric distribution called as such?

Why are the geometric distribution and hypergeometric distribution called "geometric" and "hypergoemetric" respectively? Is it because their pmfs take some special form? Thanks!
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2answers
296 views

Why did Thomas Bayes find Bayes' theorem so challenging?

This is more of a history of science question, but I hope it's on-topic here. I've read that Thomas Bayes only managed to discover Bayes' theorem for the special case of a uniform prior, and even ...
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1answer
95 views

Where does the term “covariate” come from in statistics?

Wikipedia has an acceptable definition of covariate, which matches exactly the Dictionary of Epidemiology. According to Webster, the first known use was in 1965. But the Google n-gram viewer has it ...
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2answers
273 views

Fisher for dummies?

Short version: is there an introduction to Ronald Fisher's writings (papers and books) on statistics that is aimed at those with little or no background in statistics? I'm thinking of something like ...
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1answer
33 views

“grouped error distribution”?

I can't figure out the meaning of emphasized phrase in the following: Representing a grouped error distribution by a multinomial distribution, Simpson (1756), Langrange (1776), and Laplace (1776) ...
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0answers
117 views

Where to find data on the use of statistical methods in Psychology?

I'm trying to find out, how the use of statistical methods in Psychology have been changing through history. For example, are regression models more popular now than ten years ago? When did simple ...
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1answer
648 views

Timeline of machine learning and data mining breakthroughs

Is there any timeline or historical overview of the most important breakthroughs in machine learning and data mining?
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2answers
252 views

What are some good resources for the history of time series analysis?

I have checked out the answer to this question on stats.stackexchange: What are good resources providing a history of statistics? Indeed, the Stigler book "Statistics on the Table" looks excellent ...
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8answers
6k views

Regarding p-values, why 1% and 5%? Why not 6% or 10%?

Regarding p-values, I am wondering why 1% and 5% seem to be the gold standard for "statistical significance". Why not other values, like 6% or 10%? Is there a fundamental mathematical reason for ...
13
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1answer
605 views

What statistical methods are archaic and should be omitted from textbooks? [closed]

In answering a question about a confidence interval for a binomial proportion I pointed out the fact that the normal approximation is an unreliable method that is archaic. It should not be taught as a ...
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1answer
224 views

What was Student's (Gosset's) contribution in formulating the t-test?

A recent question, related question, and cited source, recently made me aware that the $N-1$ correction for sample estimates of population variance is referred to as Bessel's correction. Bessel was ...
2
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1answer
90 views

What principled arguments are made with data?

Consider the frequentist argument: "I will believe A since not-A makes the data improbable". Consider the Bayesian argument: "I will believe A since given my beliefs on A and the data generating ...
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4answers
272 views

Who are some famous USSR/Russian Statistics/probability academic researchers? [closed]

Who are some famous USSR/Russian Statistics/probability academic researchers? Are russian (current Russia and former USSR) strong in this field academically?
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2answers
178 views

Data analysis on multiuser environment

I have following environment that I'd like to analyze. My company is divided in two teams: Insert Team (composed by 150 persons) Quality Check Team (composed by 10 persons) Suppose that all ...
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1answer
362 views

Who invented profile maximum likelihood estimation?

Could anyone give me some information on who invented profile maximum likelihood estimation or who first use profile maximum likelihood estimation and the short history of profile maximum likelihood ...
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3answers
481 views

Periods in history of statistics

The history of many fields of science can be divided into a small number of time intervals that often begin with some important discovery. But I have never seen something similar in timeline of ...
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3answers
501 views

t-test and t-distribution etymology

Okay, I'm aware of the fact that Gosset came up with t distribution, but what is the etymology of "t". How did "t" end up in t-test and t distribution?
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6answers
3k views

Where did the frequentist-Bayesian debate go?

The world of statistics was divided between frequentists and Bayesians. These days it seems everyone does a bit of both. How can this be? If the different approaches are suitable for different ...
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1answer
891 views

Origin of the Naïve Bayes classifier?

I've looking around Google Scholar for the earliest mention of this particular classifier and have not had much luck finding a definitive source. I've seen some sources cite as late as the 1980s and ...
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3answers
135 views

What are good resources providing a history of statistics?

What are good online or offline resources that give an overview of the history of statistics and the main breakthrough in statistics until now? I have read the page on History of Statistics on ...
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2answers
415 views

When was the cross-correlation function invented? And what was the motivation behind it?

In a previous question I asked about the history of auto-correlation In this question I'm interested in the discovery process behind cross-correlation. When was it invented? Was it independently ...
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1answer
360 views

When was the autocorrelation function invented? And what was the motivation for it?

I'm just very curious about the discovery process behind the autocorrelation function. When was it invented? Was it independently invented multiple times, for example? What was the motivation for ...
8
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1answer
169 views

Who first developed the idea of “sampling distributions”?

Who created sampling distributions? I have looked everywhere and I'm writing a paper, but, so far, all I've been able to come up with is the theory and the definition. Please help me find the who, ...
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2answers
491 views

Statistics, war stories, data intuition

I think it is fair to say statistics is an applied science so when averages and standard deviations are calculated it is because someone is looking to make some decisions based on those numbers. Part ...
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35answers
5k views

Most famous statisticians

What are the most important statisticians, and what is it that made them famous? (Reply just one scientist per answer please.)
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2answers
6k views

Empirical relationship between mean, median and mode

For a unimodal distribution that is moderately skewed, we have the following empirical relationship between the mean, median and mode: $$ \text{(Mean - Mode)}\sim 3\,\text{(Mean - Median)} $$ How ...
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7answers
7k views

What are the 'big problems' in statistics?

Mathematics has its famous Millennium Problems (and, historically, Hilbert's 23), questions that helped to shape the direction of the field. I have little idea, though, what the Riemann Hypotheses ...
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11answers
1k views

Revolutions in statistics for the last 50 years? [closed]

Let's say chat is a better place for such discussions. --mbq What areas of statistics have been substantially revolutionised in the last 50 years? For example, about 40 years ago, Akaike with ...
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136answers
46k views

Famous statistician quotes

What is your favorite statistician quote? This is community wiki, so please one quote per answer.