Questions about the history of statistics.

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5
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0answers
32 views

State of the art in general learning from data in '69

I'm trying to understand the context of the famous Minsky and Papert book "Perceptrons" from 1969, so critical to neural networks. As far as I know, there were no other generic supervised learning ...
11
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0answers
113 views

Has anyone besides Egon Pearson accessed Gosset's 1904 paper?

Has anyone besides Egon Pearson accessed William Sealy Gosset's 1904 report "The Application of the 'Law of Error' to the Work of the Brewery"? I guess it's Guinness property, but given its historical ...
14
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2answers
848 views

Why is the logistic distribution called “logistic”?

What is "logistic" about the logistic distribution, in a common sense way? What is the etymology of and the lexical rationale for the name, not just pure math definition?
1
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1answer
44 views

What Are Some Historical Applied Stats Problems [closed]

What are some interesting, historical applied statistics problems ? i.e. sometime in the past that statistics have been used to affect the course of events? The kind of problems I am looking for ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Should 20,000 data points provide a significant difference in confidence level over 300?

I built an automated trading system and am experiencing better results during backtesting than during real trading using the strategy I developed. During backtesting my strategy results in 300 trades ...
3
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0answers
27 views

Cumulant and moment names beyond variance, skewness and kurtosis

In physics, starting from position $x(t)$, one obtains rates of changes via derivatives with respect to time: velocity, acceleration, jerk, jounce (4th order). Some have proposed snap, crackle, pop ...
3
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1answer
57 views

How did statistician came up with distribution at the first place.

Take beta distribution as an example Just want to understand the thinking behind it, not the exact history. What was the problem what was the end result and how did beta distribution helped. (I am ...
0
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1answer
28 views

Why was it ever thought multi layer perceptrons couldn't implement XOR functions?

As I understand it the Perceptrons books helped start the "AI Winter" because the authors claimed that multilayer perceptrons couldn't implement non linearly separable functions like XOR. However it ...
0
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1answer
120 views

Who created exponential regression? Is this the first transcendental function used in regression?

Who created exponential regression? Is this the first transcendental function used in regression? Fisher's paper just mentioned the polynomial version. ...
16
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2answers
372 views

Why is it called the “standard” deviation?

I have a simple - and possibly obviously trivial - question: why is the standard deviation called just that, "standard"? Is it because it standardizes the comparison of data sets and results with ...
5
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2answers
527 views

Etymology of “cluster” in the context of cluster analysis

I'm trying to track down the origins of the word "cluster" and its usage in the context of cluster analysis. Please, does anyone know when and by whom it was first used? Perhaps there was a paper or ...
1
vote
1answer
112 views

Who invented dummy variables?

A long time ago I surfed the web and I look a piece of information about the inventors of dummy variables. I recall they were two american economists (father and son). I have tried to find that ...
1
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0answers
37 views

Using Markov Chain Monte Carlo to compute the chances that a particular solitaire laid out with 52 cards would come out successfully

Based on some references I got from another question I learned that: While convalescing from an illness in 1946, Stan Ulam was playing solitaire. It, then, occurred to him to try to compute the ...
1
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1answer
67 views

Who is the creator or inventor of coefficient of determination (R-squared)?

Who is the creator or inventor of coefficient of determination (R-squared) ? I know that Galton invented correlation.
1
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1answer
170 views

Do I need to be a mathematician to be more than an expert in machine learning? [closed]

Machine learning has its roots principally in mathematics so if I wanted to be not only an expert but an innovator in this area would I have to be a computer scientist or would I need to be a ...
4
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2answers
90 views

What is the famous data set that looks totally different but has similar summary stats?

There is a famous example of a collection of datasets with similar summary statistics like mean, standard deviation etc., whose visual appearances are totally different. It is named after the famous ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Online Resources for Evolution of Statistical Methods in Different Disciplines

From time to time I like to read something about how data is analyzed in different disciplines. I think it is interesting to see what statistical methods are applied in different areas. Especially ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Early electric perceptron [closed]

As I was reading up about the perceptron, wikipedia has a tidbit that says an early prototype of the perceptron had potentiometers for weights and servos to change the weights. Would any one have a ...
1
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0answers
29 views

Who first suggested to approximate phases from a time series via marker events?

A rather simple approach to approximating an instantaneous (unwrapped) phase $φ$ from a time series is as follows: Define some a appropriate marker events (e.g., upwards zero crossings) $t_0 < … ...
4
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0answers
84 views

Did the Eggenberger-Pólya (1923) paper derive the negative binomial distribution with real-valued parameter?

The negative binomial distribution can be derived in many ways, but two famous ones are due to Greenwood & Yule (1920) and Eggenberger & Pólya (1923). Greenwood & Yule assumed unobserved ...
0
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0answers
17 views

Cross correlation using photographic film

I used to work for a guy who told me about working for an oil company, probably in the 1960's, doing cross correlation work by sliding two pieces of developed film strips across each other (maybe they ...
6
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1answer
118 views

What are some good references on how probability theory got mathematically rigorous?

I am working on a term paper for an analysis course and I thought it would be interesting to talk about the connection between analysis and probability theory. Honestly, it would also benefit me a lot ...
5
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0answers
97 views

story about sampling from the phone book?

I was talking with someone today about sampling and vaguely remember a story about some very well-respected statistician recommending systematic sampling from the phone book in a particular legal ...
0
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1answer
55 views

When was importance sampling first stated?

I'm trying to find a year of publication of the importance sampling technique. Does anyone has a reference on this? I'm tempted to say 1970 (Hastings paper), but I would like to know if anyone knew ...
37
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5answers
1k views

Is the “hybrid” between Fisher and Neyman-Pearson approaches to statistical testing really an “incoherent mishmash”?

There exists a certain school of thought according to which the most widespread approach to statistical testing is a "hybrid" between two approaches: that of Fisher and that of Neyman-Pearson; these ...
4
votes
2answers
153 views

odds ratio: the purpose and interpretation

Could someone please explain the purpose of the odds ratio and how it could be interpreted (i.e., the origin of their usage is in primary interest for me)? Why don't people simply use the difference ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Proof / derivation of skewness and kurtosis formulas

Can anyone explain to me where the formula of skewness or kurtosis comes from? (I mean its derivation.) What's the logic behind it? Who proved it?
9
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2answers
643 views

History: the role of statistics in astronomy

I recently boldly claimed in front of a group of fairly smart eighth grade students that astronomy contributed greatly to the foundations of statistics and many statistical concepts were invented for ...
4
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1answer
97 views

Example of the impact of statistical inference in society

When giving a talk or explaining my latest results, several colleagues of mine downsize the importance of the statistical analysis part as being "only statistics". In my opinion, the impact of ...
27
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3answers
4k views

How exactly did statisticians agree to using (n-1) as the unbiased estimator for population variance without simulation?

The formula for computing variance has $(n-1)$ in the denominator: $s^2 = \frac{\sum_{i=1}^N (x_i - \bar{x})^2}{n-1}$ I've always wondered why. However, reading and watching a few good videos about ...
8
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1answer
2k views

How did Karl Pearson come up with the chi-squared statistic?

How did Pearson come up with the following Pearson chi-squared statistics in 1900? $$ K = \sum \frac{(O_{ij} -E_{ij})^2}{E_{ij}} $$ that $$ K \sim \chi^2 $$ Did he have chi-squared in mind and ...
2
votes
1answer
508 views

History of Mendeleev periodic table of elements as a data visualization

I am looking for a comprehensive and authoritative reference (journal article or book) dealing with the history of Mendeleev periodic table of elements as a data visualization. I am especially ...
2
votes
1answer
820 views

How did Efron imagine the bootstrap?

Do you know Bradley Efron? He's a great man. How did Efron imagine or think about "bootstrap" for the first time?
11
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2answers
2k views

Why are the geometric distribution and hypergeometric distribution called as such?

Why are the geometric distribution and hypergeometric distribution called "geometric" and "hypergoemetric" respectively? Is it because their pmfs take some special form? Thanks!
9
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2answers
325 views

Why did Thomas Bayes find Bayes' theorem so challenging?

This is more of a history of science question, but I hope it's on-topic here. I've read that Thomas Bayes only managed to discover Bayes' theorem for the special case of a uniform prior, and even ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Where does the term “covariate” come from in statistics?

Wikipedia has an acceptable definition of covariate, which matches exactly the Dictionary of Epidemiology. According to Webster, the first known use was in 1965. But the Google n-gram viewer has it ...
8
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2answers
276 views

Fisher for dummies?

Short version: is there an introduction to Ronald Fisher's writings (papers and books) on statistics that is aimed at those with little or no background in statistics? I'm thinking of something like ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

“grouped error distribution”?

I can't figure out the meaning of emphasized phrase in the following: Representing a grouped error distribution by a multinomial distribution, Simpson (1756), Langrange (1776), and Laplace (1776) ...
3
votes
0answers
120 views

Where to find data on the use of statistical methods in Psychology?

I'm trying to find out, how the use of statistical methods in Psychology have been changing through history. For example, are regression models more popular now than ten years ago? When did simple ...
5
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1answer
805 views

Timeline of machine learning and data mining breakthroughs

Is there any timeline or historical overview of the most important breakthroughs in machine learning and data mining?
7
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2answers
323 views

What are some good resources for the history of time series analysis?

I have checked out the answer to this question on stats.stackexchange: What are good resources providing a history of statistics? Indeed, the Stigler book "Statistics on the Table" looks excellent ...
62
votes
9answers
7k views

Regarding p-values, why 1% and 5%? Why not 6% or 10%?

Regarding p-values, I am wondering why 1% and 5% seem to be the gold standard for "statistical significance". Why not other values, like 6% or 10%? Is there a fundamental mathematical reason for ...
13
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1answer
618 views

What statistical methods are archaic and should be omitted from textbooks? [closed]

In answering a question about a confidence interval for a binomial proportion I pointed out the fact that the normal approximation is an unreliable method that is archaic. It should not be taught as a ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

What was Student's (Gosset's) contribution in formulating the t-test?

A recent question, related question, and cited source, recently made me aware that the $N-1$ correction for sample estimates of population variance is referred to as Bessel's correction. Bessel was ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

What principled arguments are made with data?

Consider the frequentist argument: "I will believe A since not-A makes the data improbable". Consider the Bayesian argument: "I will believe A since given my beliefs on A and the data generating ...
3
votes
4answers
340 views

Who are some famous USSR/Russian Statistics/probability academic researchers? [closed]

Who are some famous USSR/Russian Statistics/probability academic researchers? Are russian (current Russia and former USSR) strong in this field academically?
1
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2answers
178 views

Data analysis on multiuser environment

I have following environment that I'd like to analyze. My company is divided in two teams: Insert Team (composed by 150 persons) Quality Check Team (composed by 10 persons) Suppose that all ...
3
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1answer
421 views

Who invented profile maximum likelihood estimation?

Could anyone give me some information on who invented profile maximum likelihood estimation or who first use profile maximum likelihood estimation and the short history of profile maximum likelihood ...
14
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3answers
545 views

Periods in history of statistics

The history of many fields of science can be divided into a small number of time intervals that often begin with some important discovery. But I have never seen something similar in timeline of ...
11
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3answers
582 views

Etymology of “t” in t-test and t-distribution

I am aware of the fact that Gosset came up with t-distribution, but what is the etymology of "t"? How did "t" end up in t-test and t-distribution?