Classically, a Likert scale was composed of the sum of many Likert items (ordinal ratings of the amount of agreement with a statement), where all the items were equally valid. Today the term sometimes is used synonymously with 'ordinal rating scale' (which may be based on only 1 item).

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Likert scale question

I have a 13 item likert scale with 5 responses on each question. I am using the same questionnaire before and after intervention on the same group of people. What is the best way of analysing this ...
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Appropriate cluster method for 7-point scale data of 58 variables and 635 observations

My research buddy and I are conducting cluster analysis on survey data using a 7-point relevance scale (1=Not relevant, 7=Extremely Relevant). We have 58 variables, arranged in 10 groups of ...
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REgression analysis when both dependent and independent variables are on likert scale

My questionnaires have recently been filled but am yet to figure out how to analyze my data. My topic is "impact of electronic banking on customer value and loyalty". Thus my dependent variable is ...
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33 views

Can I use ANOVA & regression with likert data?

I am carrying out a research project investigating cheetah reintroduction as a conservation tool. One component of the study is to determine the tourism demand for cheetahs (essentially, do people ...
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15 views

How to fix color for the Likert data in R package HH? [migrated]

I would like to assign colors according to my choice; data ...
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2 views

Likert-scale analysis of extremes

Can anyone explain the rationale behind the theory that states only the extreme values on a Likert scale are viable for analysis?
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21 views

Do I need to categorize likert responses so I can use logistic regression?

I'm conducting a research project to evaluate burnout level among critical care nurses and whether this level can be related to other variables (age, workload, unit, etc). Burnout level is measured ...
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33 views

Ordinal Dependent Variable and Ordinal Independent Variable. Which test to perform analysis with?

I have a question regarding Ordinal data. I have measured 'Attitude towards a product' using Likert scale and I have measured 'Purchase Intentions to buy the product' also using Likert scale. Now I ...
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30 views

Finding trends from ordinal / likert responses

I have two ordinal variables, ranked on a 1-5 Likert scale, and a categorical variable of age groups. What I would like to is extract significant (or determine and identify the existence of) ...
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41 views

Extracting meaningful demographic data from ordinal / Likert responses in SPSS

I'm currently working on the findings of my Masters dissertation where I've defined hypotheses, created a questionnaire, and then testing whether a relationship exists between different ordinal ...
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29 views

Two groups, 29 Likert scale questions - differences between the groups?

I've two groups of individuals, Group A (13) and Group B (30). Both groups got the same series of 29 questions that can be asked as "unimportant - slightly important - moderately important - very ...
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27 views

To work out 7 point Likert scale sample size, can I increase the MoE to 7%?

I have a survey that consists of 7 point Likert scale data. Each sample is quite expensive to collect, so I'm trying to keep the sample size as small as possible without compromising the results. My ...
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38 views

Converting a 5-point Likert scale to 0 to 30 range

Hi thanks for viewing my question. In my research I want to adopt a measure from prior work and apply it to a new context. The question related to a 5- point likert-scale, however, further reading ...
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How to test for significant differences between 3 groups of 5 dimensional polytomous data

I have asked participants in a study to categorize the meaning of messages across 5-dimensions pertaining to Happiness, Sadness, Sarcasm, Honesty, and Anger. For each dimension there were 5 potential ...
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55 views

How to use Likert Scale data in regression analysis?

My knowledge about statistics is elementary and I would really appreciate some help or suggestions in solving my current problem. I am doing a dissertation and I will collect the data using a likert ...
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1answer
36 views

Likert Scale ? Am I doing wrong

Recently, I came across survey responses which I was to analyze. There were simple questions with four response levels for each item/question. Excellent (10) Good (7) Satisfactory (4) Poor ...
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15 views

Summative likert scale [duplicate]

I am looking for a relationship between two summative likert scale. Each one of them contains 7 items. The scale used for each item consists of 5 points. What is the best tool to use?
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Likert scale dependent variables

I am doing a research about the ethics in pharmaceutical industry. I've chosen 7 branding activities followed by pharmaceutical companies. I want to study the relationship between the perception of ...
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52 views

Correlation between different Likert scales

I use a likert type questionnaire (7 point scale) in order to measure four variables: usefulness, ease of use, ease of learning and satisfaction. Hence in the questionnaire I have four different sub ...
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13 views

Likert score significance testing between two surveys

I have two surveys taken one month apart. They contain 20 Likert-type questions (strongly agree, agree, neither agree or disagree, disagree, strongly disagree). I have added strongly agree and ...
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35 views

Non-parametric test for pre vs post between groups and unequal group size

I have pre-post test ordinal level data (likert). Pre and post samples were from the same population, but there was unequal group sizes (less people completed post compared to pre). I have run a ...
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How to order the support of proposals with dependent Likert scale data?

For my thesis I wanted to examine the support for 6 proposals to make diets at my university more sustainable. For example: Protein based on insects Reduced meat consumption Plant based ...
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46 views

4-point Likert scale

I have compiled a questionnaire using a glossary of terms. I have 4 options that people can select. The terms are; I don't understand the word and I can't define it / I understand it but I never use ...
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20 views

How can I combine likert items into single variable in R?

I have 44 items making 14 variables. 9 of them are independent variables (IVs), 2 of them MVs and 3 of them dependent variables (DVs). Moreover, how to plot normality graph of these 14 variables?
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comparing two items of a questionnaire

I have developed a questionnaire that assesses the reasons why adolescents do not adhere to their asthma treatment. I have an item that asks 'How often are you supposed to take your asthma ...
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28 views

weighting of ordinal responses

I have seen some analysis of a survey where responses across a dozen similar questions which identified perceived problem issues have been weighted to create a composite score. Possible responses to ...
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39 views

Make 2D color histogram with uniform distribution (Likert scale)

UPDATE: I've been told that I cannot specifically ask for help in regards to the programming (MatLab and PR Tools), but instead should seek help for general techniques. So that's what I'm doing. Long ...
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How to word a survey question comparing alternative purchase choices?

I'm creating a survey to ask a customer that just bought a product what other products they considered before buying and how seriously they considered them. I'd like to use a Likert scale type of ...
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20 views

Expected distribution of Likert to test for bias

I have conducted a survey which included a Likert response question. My question is whether or not it is possible to conclude bias like extreme responding and acquiescence bias by looking at the ...
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55 views

Comparing Likert-scale data to a uniform distrithbution — what size uniform distribution should I use?

Disclaimer: I'm not an expert in statistics, so if I've got something very wrong somewhere please point it out kindly :) I just ran a study and got some 5-point Likert item responses. The study ...
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52 views

Reliability test in Likert scale

I have found a Likert scale measure in an article for global job satisfaction measure that included three items as follows; All in all I am satisfied with my job, In general, I don't like my job ...
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290 views

How to combine different questions of questionnaire into a single variable?

I have used a 48 item questionnaire - a Likert scale - with 5 points (strongly agree - strongly disagree). The questionnaire contains 6 categories and each category has 8 questions. 8 items correspond ...
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34 views

Generate weighted multidimensional index with Likert-data

I am a bit desperate and hope you can help me with my issue. I'm analyzing the attractiveness of several countries. To do so, I asked practitioners to evalute 17 dimensions on a 1-5 (5 best) ...
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206 views

Independent and Dependent variables use different scales

How to deal with questionnaire, where 40 questions that represent 8 independent constructs use 5-point Likert's scales and another 5 questions that represent dependent variable use 6-points Likert's ...
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36 views

Attitude measurement – Score classification – Why using percentiles?

Once we have raw scores from a group of Likert scale items, why are percentiles used instead of considering all the possible scores from the total number items when classifying results of individuals ...
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43 views

Comparing variability of likert scale answers beyond IQR

I am analysing a simple study where users were asked questions on 5-point likert scales. I use interquartile range (IQR) to assess the variability in the answers of the respondents. In particular, I ...
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28 views

How to meaningfully collapse Likert-type scale by group?

I've a data set with a set of measures corresponding to group identifiers and Likert scale observation-level measures corresponding. On the lines of this discussion, my Likert scale variables can be ...
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19 views

Ordinal probit model misses one category of independent variable

I am running an ordinal probit model in STATA. the independent variable is a discrete variable and have 2 options )1,2,3) and so i place a prefix i before it. The results show the parameters for 2 and ...
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39 views

Mediation analysis with Likert scale mediator

For my master's thesis, I need to conduct a mediation analysis. My independent variable is the condition assigned, with three different conditions: high income, low income and neutral. I coded the IV ...
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42 views

Likert scale and correlation: when respondents are asked whether or not they agree with a statement

I'm having trouble figuring out how to go about applying correlation and/or regression to a set of Likert scale items that are statements that ask the respondents whether they feel two items are ...
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91 views

Using Friedman Test or Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test to compare two sets of Likert data

I distributed a questionnaire consisting two different sets of Likert statements. In the first section, I asked the respondents to rank some employee attributes (on 5–point Likert scale, 1 not ...
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13 views

Finding Likert Items that Deviate

I'm a bit new to this so please pardon me if I say something ill-informed. I have a set of Likert items which assess how well participants liked different aspects of an activity. I also have a single ...
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21 views

What type of analysis should I use?

I am using two instruments in my research. One instrument is the PLCA-R which measures teachers perceptions of the implementation of a professional learning community. The second instrument is the ...
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22 views

Likert scale analysis , how to analyze it in this case?

I have a questionnaire divided in 4 section. Each section has 5 question ; all of the questions are using the likert scale of 7 points (strongly agree, agree..etc..) I want to compare the 4 ...
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21 views

Comparing the value of Likert scale lengths

I am going over the results and interpretation of results created by a former employee in an medical education setting where I work. I am concerned that the comparisons that have been made between a ...
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24 views

Is there any research that compares Likert scale questions to “satisfaction” scale questions?

I'm trying to put together a questionnaire for measuring employee satisfaction with an internal process. I'd like to figure out if there is reason to prefer: ...
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54 views

Normality for Confirmatory analysis with Likert scale data

I'm running CFA on AMOS for an attitude scale and I got a good model fit after deleting three problematic items (less than .30 factor loadings). However, my data is not normally distributed. I was ...
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92 views

Examining Validity and Reliability of a new questionnaire (Likert scale)

I need to examine the psychometric properties of a newly developed questionnaire. There are 22 items with a 5-point Likert Scale. The designed questionnaire includes two main scales. How do I ...
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50 views

Ordered Logit Modelling (creating the dependent and using Likert scale variables)

In my study, I will be using Ordered Logit Modelling to model the effects of various Likert scale variables (entrepreneurial perceptions) and firm-level characteristics on sales growth. Originally, I ...
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67 views

Transform a sum of Likert items to normality

I am analysing data from a survey. There are 11 items, each to be answered on a 5 point Likert scale. It seems reasonable to summarize the results by taking their average, which can then be the ...