# Tagged Questions

Classically, a Likert scale was composed of the sum of many Likert items (ordinal ratings of the amount of agreement with a statement), where all the items were equally valid. Today the term sometimes is used synonymously with 'ordinal rating scale' (which may be based on only 1 item).

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### Can (how) you enter control variables in a binary logistic regression?

I'm running a binary logistic regression to test whether personality ratings (scale of 1-5) predict a binary outcome, in children. I want to enter factors such as age and gender as control variables, ...
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### fuzzy membership for likert scale

I would like to know how to measure fuzzy membership from likert scale data. Suppose I have 4 parameters, Strongly disagree, disagree, agree and strongly agree. the maximum value is 1 and minimum is ...
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### I calculated composite scores (mean) out of Likert Scale items. Can I run linear regression with them?

I am learning about how ordinal data (Likert scale, etc) should not be used to conduct linear regression tests. I ended up calculating composite scores out of groups of items measured in a likert ...
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### How to use regression analysis if my independent variable uses percentage and my dependent variable uses Likert scale?

This is the statement of the problem of my thesis. How can I use regression analysis for the third question? What is the status of Social Media on the level of awareness of the students in ...
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### Dealing with Extreme Response Style

My survey data includes a battery of 36 Likert-scale questions, which are the IVs of interest in my analysis. Respondents rank how "alike" they are to an individual being described in each item. ...
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### Can I treat my ordinal data as categorical, and use those results to corellate with a 5 point likert scale?

I have recently been reading about business ethics and have undertaken a research project concerning interest in ethical consumption. I am rusty on my stats so I am desperate to get to the bottom of ...
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### How to find associations between Likert-type scale and numeric measurements?

I’m trying to statistically analyze possible associations between two sets of data. One comprises of Likert-type scale data which measured the opinion of a team member regarding other members' ...
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### Segmentation analysis based on Likert [closed]

I would like to do a segmentation analysis based on a Likert scale survey. I want to ask respondents to rate certain attributes on a scale of 5 points (not valuable at all, not very valuable, neutral, ...
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### Can I use paired t test to compare calculated means of 5-items Likert scale about two ideas?

I am using a questionnaire consists of five sections, each section consists of several items to measure the participants' perception about two topics. The sample is one, so I can measure their ...
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### Correlate closed question with question with likert scale

I have asked one question that says "Which one of these treatments did you find most effective for cold? (Please choose one)" and It helped me reduce sneezing (with 5 likert scale of strongly agree ...
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### A feature of several items (likert scale) - one score is needed

Currently I am analysing the quantitative analysis data of my final Marketing project in SPSS and I have a doubt: I have conducted a survey with some questions grouped into 4 features (Trust; ...
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### Measuring variable with different number of Likert scale

I have 5 latent variable which 3 of them are measured using 5 point Likert Scale and the other 2 measured using 7 point Likert scale. is this going to be a problem when I make regression for my modmed ...
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### Regression analysis for change in overall score of a likert based survey

We have a pre-post study and we want to assess the effect of an intervention on the change in the scores of a survey in a group of subject. The survey is made up of many likert questions. We will ...
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### Appropriate statistical methods to analyze impact of specific intervention between treatment and control group

I am conducting a quasi-experiment design in which I have 72 students belonging to treatment group and 72 belonging to control group. The entry level of both groups are similar in terms of their ...
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### How to justify the choice of independent variables in multiple regression

I am trying to measure the effect of atmospheric factors as smell or light (IV) on purchase behavior (DV). In total I have xx likert scales that contain 5 likert items and responses are coded from 1 ...
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### Likert Scaled Item Response Rate: What if only 2% of my ppts chose “1”?

Background: I am examining the psychometric properties of a 6-item unidimensional measure in psychology. The items are rated on a 1-5 scale with strongly disagree <-> strong agree anchors. A scale ...
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### types of data (ordinal, interval etc)

I have data from a questionnaire that uses likert scales only. The response options on the scale were regarding frequency, e.g. 'never' 'sometimes' and 'always'. These responses were coded, with ...
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### Weighting results in a Likert survey

I have very little (i.e. high school level) stats training, so forgive me if anything in here doesn't make sense. A team at my work has performed a training exercise for about 250 employees and has ...
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### Correlations between different Likert types and different types of variables

I have two questions to ask: Can I correlate an independent continuous variable and a dependent categorical variable? The ratings on the Likert scale are different for both the scales, one has ...
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### Small sample, likert scale as independent variable

I have a small sample of 25. The question of interested has a yes/no response (Do you own a car?) . I then have a series of questions with five point Likert Scale responses, strongly disagree to ...
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### Intraday satisfaction estimation from end-of-day response

My business partners currently measure customer satisfaction at end of day for their sponsored events. I have developed a model to help them extrapolate from their sample to the universe at large ...
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### How to check validity of 12 item questionnaire with a 7 point-likert scale against a 19 item questionnaire with a 4 point-likert scale

I have a 12 item questionnaire with 7 point-Likert scale (Perfectionism Questionnaire) and I would like to validate this against an OCD scale that has 19 items and 4 point-Likert scale. Additionally, ...
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### Which statistical test should I use for my research proposal?

I am testing the effects of traditional mental health counseling versus culture specific counseling. Therefore, there will be two groups: one group that receives culture specific treatment and one ...
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### How to run Pearson correlation and regression analysis with 2 constructs that contain several items?

I'm doing an analysis on how service quality affects customer satisfaction. In my questionnaire, the service quality construct contains 3 items using 5 point Likert scale. How should I run Pearson's ...
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### Parametric tests and Likert Scales (Ordinal data) - Two different view

Following articles reach quite different conclusion and I start to believe that there is no clear answer to this problem. The conclusions are below and the first author reacts on second author. My ...
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### Comparing two users answers to likert questions

I am trying to compare two users who have answered a likert-scale set of questions. The output should be, ideally, a % agree or disagree, averaged across the question set. How should I calculate ...
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### how to recode a “slider” question into a Likert scale in SPSS?

I have a battery of questions for which I used a "slider" option in Qualtrics (respondents can just drag a slider along a continuum to mark their answer), from 0 to 100. My problem is that I'd like ...
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### Assessing distribution of a Likert scales

I am looking to analyse Likert scales, and want to assess whether there is 'sufficient variation' along the scale [i.e. that the majority of respondents are not 'clumped together' or a particular ...
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### How do I do a correlation between Likert scale and a dichtonomous?

I have conducted a survey and collected 182 responses from 6 different groups and I am about to analyze my data: group1: 101 responses group2: 47 responses group3: 15 responses group4: 13 ...
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### manova for likert scale questions

I have 9 questions on five-point likert scale, and three groups of participants. I wanted to check those three groups differ in terms of their answers to the 9 questions. Originally, I was thinking ...
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### What model to use for multiple observations per participant with likert ratings

We ran a study in which participants were presented with four items (let's call them service requests) and to each of these requests, two user profiles of people who could satisfy those requests were ...
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### Which type of scale is it? Likert type or Likert scale?

I have a basic question regarding the type of question. Are these likert type or likert scale? What makes the difference between these two? The questions are like this with the following options ...
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### Choosing an even or odd Likert Scale to reduce acquiescence bias?

It is well known that the choice of even/odd number of response categories affects/biases responses to questions posed on a Likert scale. I've seen reference to several studies that recommend or ...
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### Likert scale in SPSS analysis

my study hypothesis is that patients perceive their antiretrovirals treatment differently as opposed to their cotreatments and have better adherence to their antiretrovirals than to their ...
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### Likert scale question

I have a 13 item likert scale with 5 responses on each question. I am using the same questionnaire before and after intervention on the same group of people. What is the best way of analysing this ...
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### Appropriate cluster method for 7-point scale data of 58 variables and 635 observations

My research buddy and I are conducting cluster analysis on survey data using a 7-point relevance scale (1=Not relevant, 7=Extremely Relevant). We have 58 variables, arranged in 10 groups of ...
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### REgression analysis when both dependent and independent variables are on likert scale

My questionnaires have recently been filled but am yet to figure out how to analyze my data. My topic is "impact of electronic banking on customer value and loyalty". Thus my dependent variable is ...
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### Can I use ANOVA & regression with likert data?

I am carrying out a research project investigating cheetah reintroduction as a conservation tool. One component of the study is to determine the tourism demand for cheetahs (essentially, do people ...
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### Likert-scale analysis of extremes

Can anyone explain the rationale behind the theory that states only the extreme values on a Likert scale are viable for analysis?
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### Do I need to categorize likert responses so I can use logistic regression?

I'm conducting a research project to evaluate burnout level among critical care nurses and whether this level can be related to other variables (age, workload, unit, etc). Burnout level is measured ...
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### Ordinal Dependent Variable and Ordinal Independent Variable. Which test to perform analysis with?

I have a question regarding Ordinal data. I have measured 'Attitude towards a product' using Likert scale and I have measured 'Purchase Intentions to buy the product' also using Likert scale. Now I ...
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### Finding trends from ordinal / likert responses

I have two ordinal variables, ranked on a 1-5 Likert scale, and a categorical variable of age groups. What I would like to is extract significant (or determine and identify the existence of) ...
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### Extracting meaningful demographic data from ordinal / Likert responses in SPSS

I'm currently working on the findings of my Masters dissertation where I've defined hypotheses, created a questionnaire, and then testing whether a relationship exists between different ordinal ...
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### Two groups, 29 Likert scale questions - differences between the groups?

I've two groups of individuals, Group A (13) and Group B (30). Both groups got the same series of 29 questions that can be asked as "unimportant - slightly important - moderately important - very ...
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### To work out 7 point Likert scale sample size, can I increase the MoE to 7%?

I have a survey that consists of 7 point Likert scale data. Each sample is quite expensive to collect, so I'm trying to keep the sample size as small as possible without compromising the results. My ...
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### Converting a 5-point Likert scale to 0 to 30 range

Hi thanks for viewing my question. In my research I want to adopt a measure from prior work and apply it to a new context. The question related to a 5- point likert-scale, however, further reading ...
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### How to test for significant differences between 3 groups of 5 dimensional polytomous data

I have asked participants in a study to categorize the meaning of messages across 5-dimensions pertaining to Happiness, Sadness, Sarcasm, Honesty, and Anger. For each dimension there were 5 potential ...
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### How to use Likert Scale data in regression analysis?

My knowledge about statistics is elementary and I would really appreciate some help or suggestions in solving my current problem. I am doing a dissertation and I will collect the data using a likert ...