Classically, a Likert scale was composed of the sum of many Likert items (ordinal ratings of the amount of agreement with a statement), where all the items were equally valid. Today the term sometimes is used synonymously with 'ordinal rating scale' (which may be based on only 1 item).

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The use of MANOVA, ANOVA or t-tests for Likert-style data

I have two groups I would like to compare on a series of Likert-style mood dimensions (e.g. Very Sad - Slightly Sad - Neutral - Slightly Happy - Very Happy). The sample sizes are 19 and 63. The data ...
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1answer
51 views

Combining two variables

I have a questionnaire about factors that affect trust in online shopping. The questionnaire is split into 5 topics (such as security, privacy, website design etc.) with 2 questions per factor. I've ...
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16 views

Likert scale - suitable analysis

I'm brand new with SPSS and I have to analyse a likert scale and I don't know what type of analysis are suitable. I have 30 completed questionnaires within 3, 4 and 5 stars hotels. Every ...
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1answer
25 views

Factor analysis in Market Research

I am doing a survey to find out customer experience/satisfaction for a specific product. My survey contains a scaling question in which i asked satisfaction level (from 1 to 5) 5 being very ...
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0answers
8 views

likert scale and binary logistic regression [duplicate]

I am working on a project trying to explain adoption of a certain technology. My dependent variable is binary (adoption/non-adoption) and i have several independent variables which are 5 point likert ...
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44 views

Z score or not?

I have a test divided into two sections of 25 questions each. The two sections (A & B) use different likert scales: A - 0 to 6, and B - 1 to 5. I want to calculate the mean score (score / number ...
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1answer
25 views

Factor Analysis on items measured on two different 5 likert scale items that is one scale is measuring frequency and other the agreement

Can I run factor analysis on items that are measured on two different 5 likert scale, that is one scale is measuring frequency ( i.e never , rarely, occasionally, frequently and always) and other ...
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5answers
3k views

A 6th response option (“I don't know”) was added to a 5-point Likert scale. Is the data lost?

I need a little bit of help salvaging the data from a questionnaire. One of my colleagues applied a questionnaire, but inadvertently, instead of using the original 5-point Likert scale (strongly ...
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1answer
36 views

PCA on a Likert scale data

I am trying to conduct a small experiment based on Likert style data. I have a total of 20 questions, 10 are referring to a latent construct of happiness, and the other 10 to a latent construct of ...
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12 views

How significatly less accurate is information we get from a 3 point scale rating system compared to a 5 scale rating system?

We are trying to add a rating system in our website and we are not sure whether to implement a 5 star rating system or a 3 scale(like,ok, don't like). The pro for the 3 point scale is that users would ...
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0answers
30 views

What is the IV and DV of this study AND what type of analysis is appropriate?

I'm currently looking to improve my skills on applying statistics to the workplace. I've found myself stuck on where to go next when trying to approach the following problem: I'm looking to create ...
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0answers
53 views

Analyzing Likert Data for Correlations Between Grouped Items

I'm analyzing data from a 1-5 Likert Scale, and I'm not sure which test to use (I'll be using SPSS). My issue is that I'm not trying to determine the correlation between all items, but the correlation ...
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12 views

How to analyze survey data with irrelevant category

I have data from a survey about people's joy from life, and what gives them joy. The questionnaire consist of 20 questions, with a scale similar to likert scale, where 1 - irrelevant, 2 - doesn't ...
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0answers
11 views

What to do with Likert type data (student evaluations on teaching)?

At my university teachers are evaluated with your standard fare student evaluations on teaching (SETs), where students are asked to rank instructors on a variety of outcomes (15 total) on a 1-5 scale. ...
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14 views

likert scale analysis

i have 34 types of accounting violations, and i want to know which violations can be considered as a fraud, i asked this question to experts by using likert scale questioner, the answers are strongly ...
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0answers
19 views

is it necessary to create dichotomous dependent variables to test for proportional odds for ordinal regression?

I have a data set that contains variables collected using a set of likert scales. I want to do a separate ordinal logistic regression with age, gender, and income as the independent variables and each ...
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1answer
23 views

How to do correlation in multiple ordinal variables?

I have five likert scaled variables (with 5 categories each). Variable 1-4 meassure one construct (let us say love) and will be the independent variable. Variable 5 will be the dependent variable. Now ...
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16 views

How to handle unaswered items in a likert scale questionnaire?

I have a 20 items quesitionnaire, using a likert scale for anwers (strongly agree/strongly disagree). The questionnaire is ablout getting the opinion of participants about a topic. A few participants ...
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0answers
15 views

do I need to recode my likert scale if the lowest value equals 1 and not 0 for regression analysis

my question: I want to perform a regression analysis with dependent and indipendent variables on likert scales (values 1-5) with 20 items each. My question, can I run the analysis straight away, or do ...
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0answers
17 views

How to perform Polychoric Correlation with non-normal distributed variables

I want to perform a polychoric correlation on non-normal distributed underlying variables (which are in my case likert scaled). According to Joakim Ekström ("A ...
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0answers
50 views

outliers in Likert-sacele data

I have some data with Likert scale (1-5). In the boxplot, SPSS report some outliers (although the value is within the 1-5 range). As I read so far, removing outliers on Likert scale data is arguable. ...
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20 views

analysing 7 point likert scale data

I do not have any background in statistics. however, I am conducting research for my thesis. I have gathered 32 data (initially) and I need to present primary data to my professor, I am using Excel to ...
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8 views

Testing whether the relationship between a binary IV and Likert DV is mediated by another Likert variable

I wanted to know what the best way would be to examine these variables for a mediating relationship, and if this is possible. The variables are as follows: Independent Variable: Game Motivation = ...
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9 views

Which test to use to examine if Likert responses tend to have the given value for each level of the independent variable?

I have one nominal variable, City, with 7 possible options, and one ordinal variable, which is actually a Likert scale about whether or not the citizens want to ...
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23 views

Convert factor score back to Likert scale?

I have done an EFA and I have received 5 factor score variables (they are standardized with mean = 0 and SD = 1). Now I am looking for a way to convert / transform these 5 factor scores (each factor ...
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1answer
18 views

Can (how) you enter control variables in a binary logistic regression?

I'm running a binary logistic regression to test whether personality ratings (scale of 1-5) predict a binary outcome, in children. I want to enter factors such as age and gender as control variables, ...
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14 views

fuzzy membership for likert scale

I would like to know how to measure fuzzy membership from likert scale data. Suppose I have 4 parameters, Strongly disagree, disagree, agree and strongly agree. the maximum value is 1 and minimum is ...
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29 views

I calculated composite scores (mean) out of Likert Scale items. Can I run linear regression with them?

I am learning about how ordinal data (Likert scale, etc) should not be used to conduct linear regression tests. I ended up calculating composite scores out of groups of items measured in a likert ...
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27 views

How to use regression analysis if my independent variable uses percentage and my dependent variable uses Likert scale?

This is the statement of the problem of my thesis. How can I use regression analysis for the third question? What is the status of Social Media on the level of awareness of the students in ...
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1answer
44 views

Dealing with Extreme Response Style

My survey data includes a battery of 36 Likert-scale questions, which are the IVs of interest in my analysis. Respondents rank how "alike" they are to an individual being described in each item. ...
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20 views

Can I treat my ordinal data as categorical, and use those results to corellate with a 5 point likert scale?

I have recently been reading about business ethics and have undertaken a research project concerning interest in ethical consumption. I am rusty on my stats so I am desperate to get to the bottom of ...
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0answers
67 views

How to find associations between Likert-type scale and numeric measurements?

I’m trying to statistically analyze possible associations between two sets of data. One comprises of Likert-type scale data which measured the opinion of a team member regarding other members' ...
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1answer
37 views

Segmentation analysis based on Likert [closed]

I would like to do a segmentation analysis based on a Likert scale survey. I want to ask respondents to rate certain attributes on a scale of 5 points (not valuable at all, not very valuable, neutral, ...
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13 views

Can I use paired t test to compare calculated means of 5-items Likert scale about two ideas?

I am using a questionnaire consists of five sections, each section consists of several items to measure the participants' perception about two topics. The sample is one, so I can measure their ...
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6 views

Correlate closed question with question with likert scale

I have asked one question that says "Which one of these treatments did you find most effective for cold? (Please choose one)" and It helped me reduce sneezing (with 5 likert scale of strongly agree ...
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0answers
32 views

A feature of several items (likert scale) - one score is needed

Currently I am analysing the quantitative analysis data of my final Marketing project in SPSS and I have a doubt: I have conducted a survey with some questions grouped into 4 features (Trust; ...
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1answer
24 views

Measuring variable with different number of Likert scale

I have 5 latent variable which 3 of them are measured using 5 point Likert Scale and the other 2 measured using 7 point Likert scale. is this going to be a problem when I make regression for my modmed ...
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20 views

Regression analysis for change in overall score of a likert based survey

We have a pre-post study and we want to assess the effect of an intervention on the change in the scores of a survey in a group of subject. The survey is made up of many likert questions. We will ...
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25 views

Appropriate statistical methods to analyze impact of specific intervention between treatment and control group

I am conducting a quasi-experiment design in which I have 72 students belonging to treatment group and 72 belonging to control group. The entry level of both groups are similar in terms of their ...
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1answer
132 views

How to justify the choice of independent variables in multiple regression

I am trying to measure the effect of atmospheric factors as smell or light (IV) on purchase behavior (DV). In total I have xx likert scales that contain 5 likert items and responses are coded from 1 ...
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1answer
56 views

Likert Scaled Item Response Rate: What if only 2% of my ppts chose “1”?

Background: I am examining the psychometric properties of a 6-item unidimensional measure in psychology. The items are rated on a 1-5 scale with strongly disagree <-> strong agree anchors. A scale ...
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1answer
53 views

types of data (ordinal, interval etc)

I have data from a questionnaire that uses likert scales only. The response options on the scale were regarding frequency, e.g. 'never' 'sometimes' and 'always'. These responses were coded, with ...
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2answers
45 views

Weighting results in a Likert survey

I have very little (i.e. high school level) stats training, so forgive me if anything in here doesn't make sense. A team at my work has performed a training exercise for about 250 employees and has ...
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29 views

Correlations between different Likert types and different types of variables

I have two questions to ask: Can I correlate an independent continuous variable and a dependent categorical variable? The ratings on the Likert scale are different for both the scales, one has ...
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1answer
39 views

Small sample, likert scale as independent variable

I have a small sample of 25. The question of interested has a yes/no response (Do you own a car?) . I then have a series of questions with five point Likert Scale responses, strongly disagree to ...
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0answers
10 views

Intraday satisfaction estimation from end-of-day response

My business partners currently measure customer satisfaction at end of day for their sponsored events. I have developed a model to help them extrapolate from their sample to the universe at large ...
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0answers
39 views

How to check validity of 12 item questionnaire with a 7 point-likert scale against a 19 item questionnaire with a 4 point-likert scale

I have a 12 item questionnaire with 7 point-Likert scale (Perfectionism Questionnaire) and I would like to validate this against an OCD scale that has 19 items and 4 point-Likert scale. Additionally, ...
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2answers
84 views

Which statistical test should I use for my research proposal?

I am testing the effects of traditional mental health counseling versus culture specific counseling. Therefore, there will be two groups: one group that receives culture specific treatment and one ...
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0answers
21 views

How to run Pearson correlation and regression analysis with 2 constructs that contain several items?

I'm doing an analysis on how service quality affects customer satisfaction. In my questionnaire, the service quality construct contains 3 items using 5 point Likert scale. How should I run Pearson's ...
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1answer
165 views

Parametric tests and Likert Scales (Ordinal data) - Two different view

Following articles reach quite different conclusion and I start to believe that there is no clear answer to this problem. The conclusions are below and the first author reacts on second author. My ...