lmer (& siblings glmer & nlmer) are functions in the R package lme4 that fit mixed effects models (ie, models that include fixed & random effects). These models can be non-linear in the sense that the dependent variable is transformed by a non-linear function (eg, logistic or log) to accommodate ...

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1answer
29 views

Why are the beta values provided in lmer() different than simple group means of observations?

In a 2-level mixed-effect model, the equation for level-1 is $$Y_{ij} = \beta_{0j} + r_{ij}$$ where $\beta_{0j}$ is the mean outcome for the $j$-th group. I ran the following model: ...
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0answers
16 views

lme4 (v1.7) fails at fitting an “animal model” (LMM) compare to rrBLUP

I would like to fit a basic "animal model" (a kind of linear mixed model, see below) using the latest version of lme4 on CRAN (v1.7). To check the results, I am fitting it on simulated data, and ...
0
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1answer
56 views

Mixed effects model rank deficiency

I'm looking at the impact of dietary treatment and sex on weight. My dataset comprises weight data for 3 dietary treatments and sex (male and female). The experimental design was run in duplicate, do ...
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13 views

How to specify random effects in lmer

I have 3 groups of animals that are divided into 3 subgroups, each subgroup contains animals that are specific to each subgroup (there is no same animal in two groups). How do I specify random effects ...
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0answers
15 views

choosing the best structure of the random effects in a GLMM [duplicate]

I am trying to choose the best random effect structure in a GLMM, before starting with the fixed terms. To do that I include all the fixed effect and their interactions (beyond optimal model) and ...
2
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1answer
74 views

Mixed models and backward elimination

Let's say I have a data like this, and I'm trying to build a mixed model. ...
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0answers
23 views

lmer, effect of a ramdom factor in a covariate [closed]

hi I am doing a General Linear Mixed Model in R, lme4 package. I want to test the effect of a random effect on a covariate, as well as on the response variable. I thin that the command would be the ...
5
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1answer
52 views

Do I need more than one random slope?

When constructing a GLMM in R, do I need more than one random slope if I "see" that slopes differ for multiple continuous variables? In my case, I am analysing the number of plant species (...
9
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2answers
163 views

Random- and fixed-effects structure in linear-mixed models

Consider the following data from a two-way within subjects design: ...
2
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1answer
107 views

lmer and random effects

Here is somewhat simplified structure of the data I have, since fixed effects are quite straight forward, however, random effects are giving me a headache (like I said something new :) ): ...
2
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1answer
60 views

2 factor factorial model with random factors

Using lme4, how does one define a full 2-factor factorial model with both factors (and their interaction) being random? Specifically I am trying to recreate the ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Modeling error structure in lmer in R?

Is it possible to add a parameter to lmer model which will be modeling the error structure? Sth similar to TOEP(X) and SP(POW) from SAS???
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47 views

Mixed-effects: length of the experiment as a continuous fixed effect?

I have measurement of nitrogen uptake Nup across 4 different SITE very far from each other and in different years (e.g. ...
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16 views

Retrospective power analyis of lmer for sample size

I'm an MSc student doing an assignment where I am asked to analyze and write up a report on a dataset on environmental enrichment in zebra finches. Among other things we are being asked to do a ...
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0answers
52 views

In R package lme4, how do you force the random slopes and intercepts to be uncorrelated for an interaction term?

I have a mixed model, fit using lmer in R, that has three interaction terms (X1:X1, X1:X3, ...
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25 views

R lmer Model Diagnosis qqnorm

I fitted this lmer model: m1 <- lmer(logR ~ N_g.m.2 * Year + (1|Wh/N_g.m.2), data = CO2_Ratio) Rendering the attached qqplot. ...
2
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1answer
46 views

How do I contrast code for a factor where one level is the application of both of two others?

I have a factor 'Music' that has four levels: none, piano, guitar, and mixed. Subjects gave a response hearing no music, piano only, guitar only, or piano and guitar, so I want to create an lmer model ...
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0answers
19 views

Linear mixed model construction validation

I have 6 groups of fish made up of 8 individuals. Each group is tested three times under different treatments. These group level treatments are hungry , ...
0
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1answer
48 views

graphical representation of fixed effects from lmer

I have run a lmer model in R: ...
4
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1answer
151 views

How to formulate linear mixed model to find out effects of continuous variables?

I have a dataset with growth rate as a response variable (resp in the example) and temperature, food availability, and salinity as predictor variables (...
0
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0answers
48 views

Using lmer for random effect and nested interpreting model comparison

I'm trying to do a lmer in r. I did an experiment in which I manipulated the temperature. My dataframe contains the following factors: Site: 11 level, random Species: 2 levels, fixed Subject: 10, ...
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0answers
14 views

transforming of standardised effect size in MuMIN package

I ran the following model ...
0
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1answer
65 views

lmer: standardized regression coefficients

I have analyzed some data (the exact nature of which, I assume, is irrelevant for this question) using linear mixed effects models with the lmer() function from lme4. There has been at least one ...
0
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0answers
48 views

Fixed or Random: Hausman test plm vs LRT lmer, Which is the best approach to decide to use random effect?

I have an unbalanced panel data and would like to know which method is better for estimation if I want to capture the heterogeneity of the sample using the plm package or lme4. The sample have year ...
4
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1answer
226 views

R: equivalence between an aov between-within repeated measures model and an lmer mixed model

I have some trouble obtaining equivalent results between an aov between-within repeated measures model and an lmer mixed model. ...
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0answers
14 views

interpreting an interaction of two continuous variables in a mixed effects model [duplicate]

I am hoping for some guidance on how to interpret the interaction in a mixed effects model. The interaction is between two continuous variables (EarlyLanguageExposure and NeighborhoodSize). My ...
0
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0answers
65 views

Changing reference level/re-leveling contrasts changes results in non-convergence

I have a question regarding re-leveling in lme4 1.1-7. Experimental Design: Our experiment is an eyetracking while reading study (single sentence stimuli). We are analyzing four different ...
2
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1answer
80 views

Using the same variable as a fixed and random effect in Mixed Effect Models

The experiment this data comes from an experiment where two people collaborate to put objects in a specific order. The Direction has the target array on their screen, and the Matcher has a scrambled ...
4
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2answers
121 views

How many random effects to specify in lmer?

I ran a computer-based experiment in which there were two within-subject factors, A and B. So all participants got multiple trials in each A*B cell. There was also one between subject factor, C. I'm ...
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1answer
107 views

Interpreting a linear mixed effect model's interaction term

I am a biologist and am attempting to analyze the effects of time and location on depth. I was told I needed to use a mixed effects model to account for the random variables of Individual and tracking ...
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1answer
127 views

Specifying Cross-Level Interactions in LMER

I am trying to figure out if it's okay to specify cross-level interactions in a hierarchical model with fixed effect predictor variables at both levels using the ...
0
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0answers
11 views

Specifying Cross-Level Interactions in LMER [duplicate]

I am trying to figure out if it's okay to specify cross-level interactions in a hierarchical model with fixed effect predictor variables at both levels using the lmer function, and, if so, how to do ...
0
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0answers
61 views

lmer4, p-values, confidence intervals and bootstrapping

I have a mixed linear model made with lmer in R and find that my qq-plot looks rather much like the symbol of a famous superhero. My x-parameters are all factors but I have tried all transformations I ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Correlations of fixed effects in logit mixed model with a nested fixed effect

I am using lme4 in R to fit a logistic mixed effects model of psycholinguistic data with three categorial (binary) fixed effects and two crossed random factors (subjects; items). The critical ...
2
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0answers
25 views

use many lms or random effects (lmer) to estimate a bunch of slopes?

I have what is probably a very simple question, but I just need someone to verify my thinking. I have a dataset that consists of a variable (var1) measured at 3 time points for about 80 people. At ...
0
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1answer
192 views

F stats for post hoc test of a linear mixed effects model

I have an unbalanced linear mixed effects model with three fixed factors of various levels and one random factor for my repeated measures data (for details see here). Thanks to your help I managed to ...
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1answer
105 views

Summarizing and plotting several combined relationships with LMER

I want to see if there is a significant relationship between predictor and value. I've measured these two variables in 6 different conditions (not a full 3 x 3 design because feature1 and feature2 ...
0
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1answer
60 views

In which order should factors be removed when performing model simplification (lmer)?

I am a bachelor student in biology and for a project work, I have a model with a design like this (A, B & C are fixed factors, D is random and nested in C): ...
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0answers
66 views

lmer - interpreting fixed effects correlation matrix

I fitted four mixed linear models for 4 DVs, and 5 IVs in each of these models as fixed effects (there is a random effect as well). These 5 IVs are "time" (weeks from 1-12, 12 levels), and 4 measures ...
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0answers
51 views

Fitting a partially clustered/nested design using lmer

I have a study where clustering occurs in one condition but not the other. In the treatment group I have repeated measurements on individuals who are nested within families. And in the control ...
6
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2answers
227 views

What is the lme4::lmer equivalent of a three-way repeated measures ANOVA?

My question is based on this response which showed which lme4::lmer model corresponds to a two-way repeated measures ANOVA: ...
8
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2answers
635 views

How trustworthy are the confidence intervals for lmer objects through effects package?

Effects package provides a very fast and convenient way for plotting linear mixed effect model results obtained through lme4 ...
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0answers
110 views

lmer with multiply imputed data

How can I get pooled random effects for lmer after multiple imputation? I am using mice to multiple impute a dataframe. And lme4 for a mixed model with random intercept and random slope. Pooling lmer ...
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0answers
86 views

Mixed and random effect model with multiple crossed random effects in lme4 vs nlme

I am trying to fit a few models as follows for my data of observations recorded from $p$ genotypes planted in $n$ locations for $m$ years. The aim is to estimate BLUPs finally. $$Y_{ijk} = \mu + G_i ...
1
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1answer
51 views

Correct specification of HLM in lmer

I originally learned about random effects models when taking a course on Hierarchical Linear Models, which was taught using Raudenbush and Bryk's HLM book and software, and it sort of indoctrinated me ...
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93 views

Intraclass Correlation Coefficient in mixed model with random slopes

I have the following model m_plot fitted with lme4::lmer with crossed random effects for participants (...
0
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0answers
74 views

Cross-classified HLM (random effects) with lmer in R

I need to run a cross-classified (partially nested / partially crossed) HLM in R using lmer. I haven't found many (any?) clear discussions on how to model this and how to set up the data (besides the ...
2
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0answers
59 views

Using a mixed effects regression model for between-subject design?

I have data from a between-subject experiment, where every subject was assigned to one of the two conditions, and completed varying number of trials (as much as they wanted). Number of trials is ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Mixed model with lmer: Variance of residuals should give the same as level 1 variance?

I expected that the variance of residuals from a mixed model computed by, for example, lmer should give the same as the residual variance from the summary output. ...
2
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0answers
106 views

Multiple correlated random non-nested intercepts in R

I am trying to estimate a longitudinal model in R in which there are several random intercepts that are correlated with each other, and the data are non-nested. For example, consider a simple ...