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11 views

Relation between P chart and Chi-square test

P chart checks whether a manufacturing process is in control with respect to the proportion of non confirming items and Chi-square test for homogeneity tests whether several populations are similar or ...
6
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3answers
153 views

What is the mathematically rigorous definition of chunky data?

When in the workplace, certain measurement-taking devices are subject to different numerical accuracy; in some cases, the accuracy can be pretty weak (i.e., to one or two significant values only). ...
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11 views

What is Dodge inspection plan?

What do simply Dodge inspection plan refer to: chain sampling plan, continuous sampling plan or Dodge Romig inspection plan?
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30 views

Shewhart and CUSUM control chart for k step ahead forecast error

I am trying to see if the forecast performance has changed over time. I have one to 24 step ahead forecasts. Is it possible to use Shewhart and CUSUM control charts for more than one step ahead ...
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1answer
57 views

Where can I find tests that validate the output of popular statistical software? (e.g. R, SPSS, SAS)

This has been difficult to search on Google. I've looked on R's website as well. I assume there are test suites that validate that R, SPSS, SAS, et al are giving the right output for a given analysis? ...
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0answers
7 views

multivariate or regular quality control

I want to conduct quality control. Just say the observed variable is X. X consists several indicator variables in it ; X1, X2 and X3. Should I using multivariate quality control method? or combine the ...
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0answers
22 views

Closed formula for D4 constant calculation? (Moving range chart constant)

I need to build a Moving Range Shewhart control chart given a series of observations. In short, I have to calculate the central line and the upper and lower limits as follows ...
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0answers
18 views

Measurement error in quality

In quality control literature we encounter three terms: Measurement error, Inspection error, Misclassification error. These terms are used interchangeably in different contexts, but I understand ...
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26 views

Statistical Quality Control p-chart

A company manufactures small metal brackets. They are packaged in containers of 1000 brackets each. At the unloading facility, 10 containers have arrived and 36 brackets are selected at random from ...
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0answers
14 views

Estimating process standard deviation for a quality control chart. What is $s/(c4)$ and how to calculate it in R? [duplicate]

I recently came across quality control charts in my studies and found out that the estimator $$\hat \sigma =s/c4$$ is preferred for UCL and LCL calculations in an x bar chart as it is considered ...
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0answers
9 views

distance from normal behaving data with neural network (anomaly detection)

I have a bunch of normal data and I want to use it to build an anomaly detection system. With Multivariate Control Chart or One Class SVM it is possible to obtain the distance of a new sample from ...
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0answers
19 views

Z-Chart Control Lines?

Why is the upper control limit 3 and the lower control -3? What's the math behind this? We are converting to a normal distribution and I understand that according to the 68–95–99.7 rule, showing the ...
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0answers
20 views

Oscillations in Sample Size from Type A (hypergeometric) OC Curve

I have two questions concerning the sample sizes obtained from Type A OC curves for single-sample lot acceptance testing. To illustrate the issue, refer to the R code below where the sample size is ...
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0answers
9 views

Is there a unified form for Process control and process control analysis

I have done some reading (NIST, JMP, PCS, Juran, some JEDEC, ...) and it appears there are four very common general types of control charts: Shewhart (X-bar, R, S) CUSUM (cumulative sum) EWMA ...
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0answers
13 views

I-MR Charts when there is only two observation

I have a data having only two data points (specifically project A and project B). I need to draw an I-MR chart for quality control. Since I have only two points, my graph is not meaningful. How can I ...
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0answers
21 views

Control Chart - Descriptive or Inferential?

Which category of statistics do Control Charts fall under? Descriptive, Inferential, or something else? As I'm thinking out loud...Control Charts use elements of Descriptive (central tendency, ...
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0answers
36 views

How to calculate False Positive rate?

How to calculate False Positive rate in a scenario where I have 334 bugs in total out of which 57 are Not an Issue type? I believe 57 are false positives in this scenario
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1answer
236 views

How find controls limits for CUSUM chart

I am trying to re-do a simulation work in quality control. In this simulation they use bisection search algorithm to find the control limits h (the threshold) that gives the desire average run length ...
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0answers
9 views

P-Charts Plot Ratios and Not Proportions?

In P-charts, ratios, not proportions, of defectives over population size are plotted over time. Shouldn't it be called "R" charts instead?
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0answers
49 views

When is a single data point enough to be considered a trend in the data?

In the general case, when collecting data points at disparate points in time (such as once per day or two), under what conditions can a single low data point be considered a downwards trend in the ...
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0answers
16 views

interpretation after sample decreases due to extra control variables

I have run some logistic regressions and are now busy with interpreting the results. When I add two extra control variables to my regression, the total amount of observations is decreased with almost ...
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0answers
50 views

p-Chart with really tight Control Limits

I have created a process control chart that describes the fraction of deliveries sent to the ideal destination over time. The deliveries all eventually end up at the proper destination, however I am ...
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0answers
25 views

Which type of control chart should I use?

I have a data for voice traffic of one week. Traffic measured at every hour. So according to this data i need to define the control limits (UCL and LCL) using R. Which type of chart should I use.. I ...
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0answers
29 views

Quality control - non-normal distribution

Suppose we have a production line, which makes widgets. Assume also that we know distribution of widget's length ~ $N(\mu, \sigma)$ We measure widget's length and if it is within $\mu+/- 2 \sigma$ we ...
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71 views

Quality Control Heat Map

I have data for people about their quality % achieved on a daily basis for last 5 work days, this data is available for one month, say 20 work days. I have worked out the combinations which is 243. 5 ...
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1answer
51 views

Testing a proportion in an online setting

I work in an online security setting. My goal is to detect if the number of locked accounts per time unit is stable or not. I've tried several approaches, detailed below, but I am not satisfied yet. ...
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2answers
105 views

How can I determine if a time-series is statistically stable?

I have time-series data that tracks the number of sydromics records my organization receives each week. The number of records had been steadily increasing as more organizations started sending us data ...
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0answers
40 views

Control chart constants [closed]

When calculating Upper Control Limit (UCL) and Lower Control Limit (LCL) in control charts I use constants from ...
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0answers
56 views

Can a classification algorithm be used to measure the Clustering Quality (CQM)

Can a classifier be used to measure the Clustering Quality measure? I have come across this paper where the researcher uses a classifier like : five nearest neighbor classifier, a C4.5 decision ...
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0answers
56 views

Quantifying data completeness in healthcare

In healthcare data, there are often situations when we don't know how complete or incomplete is the dataset for a given patient population. Let's say for example, there are 10,000 patients in the ...
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1answer
60 views

How can we say that a clustering quality measure is good?

There are few well known measures like silhouette width (SW), the Davies- Bouldin index (DB), the Calinski-Harabasz index (CH), and the Dunn index . How can we say that a clustering quality measure ...
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0answers
74 views

Robust Measures for Forecast Accuracy

I am doing a forecast using robust exponential smoothing methods and to determine / measure the forecast accuracy I want to use robust measurements as well. As I am not really familiar with robust ...
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0answers
48 views

Sampling size determination for small probabilities

I am not sure I could find a clear answer on a correct formula for sampling size determination for finding rare events. Specifically I need to be 99% sure, that failure rate of certain population is ...
6
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0answers
82 views

Problems with Outlier Detection

In a blog post Andrew Gelman writes: Stepwise regression is one of these things, like outlier detection and pie charts, which appear to be popular among non-statisticans but are considered by ...
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0answers
16 views

Recaculating control limits when an out of control situation is displayed

When plotting control charts if a point plots outside the control limits then the reason for that point to plot outside is checked and if an assignable cause is found to be the cause then after ...
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0answers
25 views

Changing a target value that minimize the product being outside the specifications in quality control

I was doing problems in the article here. In the question on page 16 I don't understand part b) how to find a target value that minimize the product being outside the specifications. Can someone ...
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0answers
109 views

How to name the concept of the mean shift divided by the standard deviation

In the context of a paper dealing with Statistical Quality Control, I am defining and using the concept of the mean shift divided by the standard deviation of a (normally distributed one-dimensional) ...
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0answers
29 views

Calculating $\bar c $ in C chart

In studying C chart I came accross this problem in Statistical Process control by Douglas .C.Montgomary. In this exercise it says: A control chart is used to control the fraction of non ...
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0answers
96 views

Finding n and c in single sampling plan

I am learning a quality control course and in Single sampling scheme for attribute type inspection I don't understand the method used for calculating the values of $n$ and $c$. The method is as ...
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0answers
255 views

Calculation of Average run length in non-normal distribution

I want to calculate Average Run Length(ARL) in non-normal distribution. In a normal distribution, I can calculate the ARL for example, ...
2
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1answer
72 views

Control limits in $\bar{x}$ and R chart

I am learning a Quality Control course and in theory part I don't understand calculating the control limits for $\bar{x}$ and R chart.I want to know, say when I calculate the R chart control limits no ...
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0answers
17 views

How to get the improvement index in monthly basis for employees absence

I have the following information for each month of the year: Total Absence Days in a given month Total Headcount in a given month I want to get an index in which I can compare months and see if ...
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0answers
180 views

Detecting a trend to increase, in a time series, in real time

Probably, someone who's into technical analysis of share prices eats stuff like this for breakfast. Me, I couldn't devise a theoretically acceptable approach. I have this thing (private working set, ...
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1answer
67 views

Use daily production as a check on whether monthly production goal is likely to be met

This is a real small business problem, not a homework problem. A monthly production goal is 60000. We want to be sure that say 95% of months meet this goal. The goal is a minimum, so we want to be ...
2
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1answer
148 views

Quality Control Chart for non-normal distributed data

I am interested in building quality control charts for time series data where every data point has different gradation within the range of 0 to 1. For example first data point X1 may be 0.1, 0.2,..,1 ...
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2answers
7k views

What is “the” correct way of calculating Cp/Cpk values for Statistical Process Control?

There seems to be many different methods of calculating Cp/Cpk values in SPC, and I need help in determining which one to use at any given situation. Currently, we need to show Cp/Cpk values when ...
0
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1answer
185 views

multivariate control chart

I am trying to build a multivariate control chart but I did not find any good explanation of how to do that. Starting with $x_0$ a part of the samples that are in control I compute $\mu_0$ and ...
2
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0answers
72 views

Mean number of samples before out of control in p-chart

I'm stuck with this problem on quality control and p-charts. There is a given process, monitored periodically taking samples of 100 items each and counting the number that are defective. In the last ...
3
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2answers
387 views

Average run length

Suppose in an Xbar chart, k successive points plotted outside a control limit indicates an out of control situation. If p is the probability of plotting a point outside a control limit, how is ARL = ...
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2answers
991 views

Why isn't bayesian statistics more popular for statistical process control?

My understanding of the bayesian vs frequentist debate is that frequentist statistics: is (or claims to be) objective or at least unbiased so different researchers, using different assumptions can ...