Scales used to express measurements, usually ratio, interval, ordinal or nominal scales.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
0answers
16 views

how to estimate scale variance only using item sd's and scale reliability

The problem I encounter is that I need to estimate the scale variance of a psychometric scale without having the original data. The only information I have is the means of the (binary) items, their ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

how to calculate expected sample scale mean and sd based on the means and sd's of its dichotomous items?

I am developing a new psychometric scale consisting of a several dichotomous items taken from a larger item bank. The p values (item means) are known. Now I need to calculate the expected mean and ...
6
votes
2answers
115 views

Alternative notions to that of proper scoring rules, and using scoring rules to evaluate models

A scoring rule is a means of evaluating an agent's guess of the probabilities associated with a categorical event, given a (categorical) outcome of the event. Depending on the guess and the observed ...
0
votes
0answers
20 views

Likert scale and correlation: when respondents are asked whether or not they agree with a statement

I'm having trouble figuring out how to go about applying correlation and/or regression to a set of Likert scale items that are statements that ask the respondents whether they feel two items are ...
2
votes
0answers
13 views

Comparing two values in a normal distribution after cutting off the tail of the distribution

I'm doing a sports-related analysis about comparing regular-season performance versus playoff performance, in particular which teams tend to do better during the playoffs. Thus, I'm making a "regular ...
1
vote
0answers
9 views

Is there any research that compares Likert scale questions to “satisfaction” scale questions?

I'm trying to put together a questionnaire for measuring employee satisfaction with an internal process. I'd like to figure out if there is reason to prefer: ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Creating a disease severity score/index

I am trying to design a numerical scale which would describe the severity of a certain disease (in this particular case anaphylaxis). I have a set of clinical symptoms and a database of patients who ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Which measurement level would this be?

I have a variable times of collaboration: the possible answers are 0 (meaning no collaboration), 1, 2, or 3. Would this mean I am dealing with an interval measurement level?
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Recode ordinary scaled variables

Iam trying to make a linear regression in STATA with ordinary scaled(in dataset): dependant variable(0;10) independant variable(0;10) Does anyone know how can recode the variables into metric scaled ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Calculating summated scales (factor analysis)

I have read that, when calculating summated scales for each scale in the solution of a factor analysis, as an average of sum of the items comprising each scale, the items with high loadings should be ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

How to Deal with Peaks and Valleys on Scale Data

I've got a questionnaire/scale from 0-8, let's say it's a mood scale (0 = no depression, 8 = most depressed ever felt), subjects fill in a bubble along the scale, but the numbers aren't there, only ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Create scales from binary data

I am currently struggling with a statistics problem, I am in over my head, off the bus as one can say. As part of a research I am measuring incumbent response strategies to the perceived threat of ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

Calculating Cronbach's alpha: Same scale, multiple instances

I'm working on data analysis for my dissertation, and I'm banging my head against the wall when it comes to Cronbach's alpha. I just completed a pretest; after data cleaning, I have 119 valid and ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

how to identify items in scale that can be removed (as are measuring the same thing)

I am testing a scale with 17 items. I believe that some items are measuring exactly the same, so I thinkg those can be eliminated from the measurement scale. However, I do not know which test can ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

tests one multi-question item effect on another multi-question item

I have two Constructs (composite variables), each Construct has its own measurement scale (questions). First Construct is named CETSCALE and it consists of 17 questions, second Construct consists of ...
1
vote
0answers
69 views

Factor analysis with varimax rotation gives very different answer from PCA?

I asked expert raters to evaluate several subject on six dimensions of creativity. Now, I am using factor analysis (factanal()) and PCA(princomp()) to see of these dimensions are measuring distinct ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

Exploratory Factor Analysis and survey scales

Are there limitations to using EFA on survey data, where some questions have different scales? (ex. some questions are four-point and some are five-point Likert scales; one is on a 10-point scale) ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

How do you correctly scale a formative latent variables in a structural equation model?

How does one scale a formative latent variable? I know that one option is to multiply one indicator by 1. What I do not understand is that if depending on which indicator is multiplied the direction ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

Likert scale based composite variables

I am conducting a small research into the adoption of smart home technologies for elderly people. In this research I have conducted both questionnaires and interviews, with the questionnaire being ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

Likert Scale 3 2 1 0 1 2 3 possible?

In my questionnaire I want to ask people to score on a dimensional Likert-type scale their attitude toward a specific target group. E.g. People with .... are stupid.... intelligent. I want to use ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Should I standardize or rescale with polynomial regression as alternative to difference scores?

I am working with a model that uses polynomial regression combined with response surface modelling as an alternative to difference scores in regression: ...
1
vote
0answers
157 views

How to normalize the data to [0, 1] in R with data similar to χ²-distribution without shrinking lower values too much?

I want to normalize the data to [0,1], but the distribution of this array is quite not regular, having large quantity of low values and small quantity of large values, almost 80% values of data are in ...
2
votes
2answers
48 views

Scales of Measurement

when we use the term " scales of measurement", what do we mean by scale by Measurement ? As far i know, measurement denotes "a value" and scale denotes "the unit" of the value. So if i say, ...
4
votes
3answers
392 views

When should I apply feature scaling for my data

I started a discussion with a collague of mine and we started to wonder, when should one apply feature normalization / scaling to the data? Lets say that we have a set of features with some of the ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Partial least squares regression on survey data with multiple scales

I have a survey data set composed of 7 scales, each scale with 7 to 10 items. The theoretical framework I've devised uses 5 of the scales as independent variables and 2 of the scales as dependent ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

revert minmax normalization back to original value

i'm training a neural network. Normalization of inputs and outputs (training data) are carried out using min Max to a scale of [0-1]. I'm applying backpropagation learning algorithm. Firstly, i need ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

libsvm: scaling data results in less features?

I've scaled my training and testing data in BASH like so: ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Latent Class Analysis vs Rasch Analysis

I was wondering if anybody could explain the core, philosophical/conceptual differences between Latent Class Analysis and Rasch Analysis. I'm not necessarily referring to the exact mathematical ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Need help with deciding on statistical test for three separate instruments

So I am trying to analyze my data. I used the following scales: Brief RCOPE, the Brief Multidimensional Measure of Religiousness/Spirituality (BMMRS), and the Satisfaction with Life scale (SWLS). They ...
2
votes
2answers
116 views

Why does the scaling of feature vectors improve performance of SVM classifier?

I've found that performing scaling in SVM problems really improves the performance of SVM ... But I don't understand why! I have read this explanation: "The main advantage of scaling is to avoid ...
0
votes
1answer
16 views

what “non-continuous nature of scores” means

1) Can someone explain me the idea of this sentence: "It is noted that nonparametric tests were employed because of the non-continuous nature of the scale scores" (this is related to scale validity ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

first and second order factors

I am not deep into statistics yet, however ,I am reading an article that speaks about measurement scale. It says that some items (A,B,C) are first-order factor, but another item (D) is second-order ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

scale creation - how to know if concept B is part of concept A or seperate concept

I have to create a survey that will measure customer attitude to home products. Imagine: - I have concept A (it couuld be consumer ethnocentrism, for example). I am going to measure it using 10 items ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Choosing between two scales

I am investigating a scale of consumer ethnocentrism - CETSCALE. I do not have much knowledge in econometrics, scales, etc., however: a) research papers report that the standard 17-item scale is ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

What is the “scale” parameter in “continuous autoregressive model” in cts package?

I am trying to use the "car" command in "cts package" in R program and I see the "scale" parameter there. I wonder whether this can be assumed to be equivalent to time intervals for time series ...
2
votes
1answer
25 views

scale of measurements in sign test and signed rank test

Can some one help me to understand the right scale of measurement to use in sign test as well as in signed rank test? I read a certain book it says nominal scale is used in sign test while ordinal ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Summated scales for factors (latent variables)

For summated scales: can I use all the variables that load on a factor or is it necessary to use only the variables with high loading (over 0.70, for example)?
0
votes
1answer
86 views

Eliminated items in Factor Analysis

I'd like to get your opinions on how to interpret items that had to be eliminated in factor analysis (FA). I've been researching consumer shopping motivations and ran a survey with 40 items, which ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

Can one variable explain if another variable is preferred more than others?

I have a questionnaire consisting of 7 multi item scales. The first four multi item scale each represents if a respondent performs a giving role and the remaining 3 multi item scales each represent a ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Scale of variables and the consequences on the solution

Let us say I have data set of distinct $x_i$. A Gaussian is fitted to it with maximum likelihood, obtaining some $\mu$ and some $\sigma^2$. I will also obtain a likelihood $\mathcal{L}$. Now, I copy ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

How to scale data in a log-lin regression

I am currently doing exam revision, and I am stuck on a question in one of the past exams. It asks us to data scale the following equation: $\ln W$ = 2.54 + 0.4...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

Questionnaire design - Agree/Disagree scale

I recently constructed a questionnaire to carry out a market survey on soap brands used. One of the questions which was asked was to rate few statements which influence the respondent to buy a certain ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

How to analyze a variable measured on a Likert scale and its interaction with another variable? [duplicate]

I have to analyze this variable which consists of scores given to 3 items (1-9 scale). This "Likert scale" measures "brand commitment" if thats important. 1) Firstly, should I compute 1 new variable ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Transforming Rank-Ordered Variable

I am currently working on an archival dataset (General Social Survey 1985). In a measure, participants are asked to rank 5 job characteristics by degree of preference. In other words, participants ...
1
vote
0answers
733 views

Transforming scores between different rating scales – Importance of response options

I'm working on a meta analysis of the mean of a single variable (using arithmetic mean as the effect size, rather than the relationship between two variables). The attitude I'm assessing has been ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Scale of control variable in ANCOVA

I am new to the field of ANCOVAs. I want to check if two groups differ in three quantitative variables. At the same time I would like to control for gender and diagnose (6 categories). Is it ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Regression analysis of different ranges in percent?

I have two variables, both percentages but have been converted to decimal numbers, and one variable ranges from roughly 15-30 percent and the other ranges from 55-70 percent. The lower range is my ...
12
votes
2answers
701 views

What criteria must be met in order to conclude a 'ceiling effect' is occurring?

According to The SAGE Encyclopedia of Social Science Research Methods… [a] ceiling effect occurs when a measure possesses a distinct upper limit for potential responses and a large concentration ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Log-scaled chart for visualizing extreme range

I need a simple bar chart or the like. I am not a statistician by any means, but this chart is supposed to accurately represent FileIO in MB/s compared to the theoretical peak of a specific drive. ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

composite scale to measure child-parent relationship

For my research on Mental health problems and correlates, child-parent relationship have identified as a correlate. Child-parent relationship is planned to measure with 6 questions and each question ...