# Tagged Questions

SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) is a proprietary cross-platform general-purpose statistical software package.

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### Using Multinomial Logistic equation for outcome variable. Need help with SPSS

My outcome variable: How wise is it to attend college taking student loans: Options are 5 categories Very wise to Unwise. However, I'll treat them as nominals with 3 options Wise, Neutral and Unwise. ...
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### Interpreting hierachchical cluster output

This is a dendrogram resulting from a hierarchical clustering using SPSS. I thought the clustering is done in the following way. I would like to know if the way I am interpreting is correct. ...
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### Comparing the proportion of men accessing a service to the proportion of men in the local population

I am looking at whether men access a service proportionally. My data is nominal and consists of men accessing a service (3000), woman accessing the service (6000), men in the local population (99300) ...
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### Detecting change in % responding to a question over time periods

A study has been asking the same ratings questions repeatedly year over year. Currently, the study is using a Column Means test in IBM SPSS Survey Reporter to compare the number of people responding ...
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### Correlation between scale and nominal data in healthcare statistics [duplicate]

I'm a physiotherapy student looking for help with a project. Any help would be appreciated. Even signposting to some relevant resources would be great. Basically I have; A group of patients (n=90). ...
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### Comparing SPSS regression to WEKA model outputs?

I am attempting some regression techniques using SPSS and weka In SPSS I can get the R R^2 Adjusted R^2 Std. Error of the Estimate. Weka outputs: Correlation coefficient Mean absolute error ...
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### What specific Reliability measure can be used in SPSS when multiple scales are used?

I have a survey of 360 individuals. I asked them questions with different types of answers (scales). I have few questions with Yes/No, few questions with multi-categorical answers (types of ...
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### Changing values of string variable with an if clause in SPSS [closed]

I have a dataset that looks like the one below. I will need to use both ID1 and ID2 to identify each row. The responses in the OpenText vary greatly. ...
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### How to get standard deviation from estimated marginal means (lsmeans)?

I am trying to calculate adjusted means and standard deviation across groups of people according to age. Using SPSS, I use general linear model -> univariate, then calculate the means adjusting for ...
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### Nonparameric mixed (split-plot) anova in SPSS?

All, I have a 4-within x 2-between split-plot (i.e., mixed ANOVA) design with data that are not normally distributed. The DV resembles count data, with mostly zeros and decreasing numbers of 1s, 2s, ...
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### Comparing two independent variables using SPSS

How can I compare two independent groups using variables like weight, height, bmi and stratify them using age group at the same time? The table below depicts how the analysis will look like.
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### Mediation Analysis using PROCESS by Dr. Hayes

I have one one concern regarding the range of confidence interval when I do a mediation analysis using PROCESS model 4 by Dr. Hayes. The result of the mediation analysis indicated that indirect ...
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### Replicating or Approximating SPSS syntax for a longitudinal mixed model example in R

Could someone show how the following SPSS syntax for a longitudinal mixed model specification could be replicated (or approximated) in R? My dataset is "mydata." ...
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### How to obtain the same varimax-rotated PCA results in MATLAB and SPSS?

I'm trying to perform a PCA Extraction + Varimax Rotation in MATLAB and obtain the same results as in SPSS. My data is the following matrix A: ...
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### A categorical PCA (CATPCA) question

I have a dataset that I am analysing using CATPCA in SPSS. The problem that I have is that while I can see the variables that are positively or negatively correlated on the Component Loadings table ...
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### Correspondence Analysis - Marketing - Respondent Ideal Points

How would you show respondent ideal points for a related question in the same survey? Specifically, how would you chart each respondents' ideal attribute groupings along the same dimensions created ...
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### How to graph continuous independent variable and logit of dichotomous outcome in SPSS

First question: I am using SPSS, and I want to graph the logit of my dependent variable on the y axis and my continuous independent variable on the x-axis. I am interested in visualizing the ...
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### How can I calculate the AUC of combined variables using SPSS

thank you for taking time out to read this. I have previously ran ROC curves to get the AUCs for single test variables but I do not know how to derive the AUC for combined variables (2 test ...
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### What statistical analysis is appropriate for a before and after design (where participants are not necessarily the same people)

I am trying to figure out what is the best statistical analysis for my data. I looked at two companies in timepoint 1 (baseline) and timepoint 2. Company A did an intervention, Company B did not ...
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### Likert scale in SPSS analysis

my study hypothesis is that patients perceive their antiretrovirals treatment differently as opposed to their cotreatments and have better adherence to their antiretrovirals than to their ...
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### Interaction within my dependant variable

So my regression model is ideal within my scenario of evaluating CSR disclosure and assurance, as both seperately are significant using OLS and logistic regression. The key issue is I want to have an ...
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### Should I use logistic mixed effects? How?

I've run an experiment in which different subjects had to make a number of decisions, which are stored in the dependent boolean variable Y (0 or 1). I have multiple independed variables which may ...
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### How to test for a statistically significant difference between 3 percentages?

I have samples of stories from three newspapers, all testing for the same proportion of stories with a certain characteristic. The data I have is: np1=16.34%, np2=14.00%, np3=18.29%. I want to ...
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### Different output for cox regression in R vs SPSS

During my analysis that I perform with a collaborator we get consistently different ouputs in cox regression between R and SPSS. Betas and p-values differ minutely, usually somewhere in the third or ...
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### Problems facing in fitting ordinal regression model on life satisfaction data

While running an ordinal regression analysis of life satisfaction data SPSS, I got the following warning: There are 148 (65.8%) cells (i.e., dependent variable levels by combinations of predictor ...
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### Some dependent variables repeated and others measured at one time

I am running a one-way repeated measures ANOVA where I have three variables that are collected at two time points and four dependent variables that were only measured at the end. I can't figure out ...
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### Need help double checking results of Binary Logistic Regression in SPSS

I'm working on some of my analysis section for my Master's Thesis in MPA, and while I have consulted my professors, I'd just like to double check with some external eyes (As obviously they are on my ...
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### Statistical test for unordered repeated measures under same conditions

I am unable to find the correct statistical test for the following scenario. We have a recording session with 4 subjects. For each subject, we make 8 recordings in 2 different speaking styles, let ...
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### what statistical test should I use for my quasi experimental study?

I am conducting a pre and post test questionnaire for my quasi experimental study. I am using two groups one group will receive training the other will not. I will only have about 24 participants. I ...
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### Using and Interpreting Moderated Mediation with PROCESS Macro

I'm trying to look at a moderated mediation analysis using the PROCESS macro in SPSS, but there are several ways I could do this and I'm not sure what would be best or how to interpret the results. ...
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### Multiple Regression: 3 groups for IV, post-hoc equivalent?

I would like to test the following: DV - Brain volume IV - Participant Group (Patient with Mild Symptoms, Patient with Severe Symptoms, Controls) Covariates - Age, Gender, IQ I wish to use ...
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### Relationship numerical and categorical multiple response sets in spss

The situation is the following, I have two sets of data: one numerical set of data (answer to the question "How important is this to you?" 1=little, 2= medium, 3= very) one set of categorical ...
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### Hessian Hell: Why won't this converge

I want to track and compare within-subject trajectories of performance over time in study (TIME) on three within-subject task conditions (task_index) categorical variable. I am using ID as my subject ...
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### How to use Little's MCAR test with multiple scales?

I'm using SPSS and have a data set which includes lots of different scales and there is missing data across all of the scales. I want to know if the data is missing completely at random. I intend to ...
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### Survival prediction with messy longitudinal data

I'm a doctor, and I'm starting to get the feeling that I am rather out of my depth with a project I'm currently working on. I'd appreciate any pointers towards the correct approach, further reading, ...
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### Evaluating which factors influences a questionnaire scores

i have this problem to solve. I have a questionnaire of 19 questions, each one has 3 options, and only one for each is correct and it scores 1, while the others scores 0. Thus the max score will be ...
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### How important is normality assumption for a two-way repeated measures ANOVA?

I want to use two-way repeatead measures ANOVA. The dependent variable is CRP levels in three different time points in five different group of patients. Each group includes 40-42 patients, so that ...
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### Explaining the results of Binary regression

I have implemented binary regression in SPSS using Forward:LR as the method. For all results are available in output what should I use to explain the results of model and see which variable is the ...
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### mediation hypotheses

I am examining a loyalty program's (LP) effectiveness on customer loyalty across members and non-members. I first hypothesised members will perceive higher levels of switching costs (SC), and exhibit ...
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### non equal variances alternative for kruskal wallis anova

I have a dataset with a total of about 6 groups set up, and there is a minimum of n=150-200 samples per group. Now when I look at the data, its not normally distributed, and the variances are not ...
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### Chi Square Statistic - Which variable should be defined as the dependent variable?

I am stuck with this very basic question which I need to answer using SPSS for the problem set pasted in cursive below. Any pointers in the right direction would be very much appreciated. Thank you. ...
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### Different Odds ratios in SPSS [duplicate]

I've got a dichotomous dependent variable = 5 year overall survival (dead=0, alive=1) and I've got a dichotomous independent variable = presence of inguinal metastasis (none=0, present=1). When I run ...
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### Reporting Results from a Mixed ANOVA

I have done a Mixed ANOVA on some data from a tennis serving experiment and am slightly confused on how to report the results. I am comparing the effect of self-talk (either instructional or ...
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### Methods of Spend Outlier Detection

I'm looking to formalise some logic behind outlier detection for spend categories of survey respondents during a trip or event (e.g. accommodation, meals, shopping, etc). Distributions are zero-heavy, ...
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### Why are discriminant analysis results in R (lda) and SPSS different?: Constant term

I tried discriminant analysis with lda() in R and in SPSS, but the scalings were different, why? N, how to get (Constant) with R like SPSS result? data: ...
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### Computation of factors after factor analysis

I have run a principal axis factor analysis and I want to form scales for each factor. To be more specific, after having run the FA, I would like to select all items that load in a specific factor and ...
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### Back transforming reciprocal transformation for difference between means

Say I have the following datasets which concern normalised masses like this: Set 1: 3.08, 2.79, 3.62, 2.62, 2.85, 2.45, 2.80, 2.62 Set 2: 3.25, 3.14, 3.30, 3.13, 3.19, 3.17, 3.35, 3.35, 3.82, 3.13 ...
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### What statistical test should I use for binary data?

I am a slightly complex dataset, so I'll describe, I looked at medical visits from 2013 to 2014 and compared them to medical visits from 2013 - 2014. I documented each visit as a unique encounter. ...