Time series are data observed over time (either in continuous time or at discrete time periods).

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206 views

Help in how the paper derives the CRLB for Gaussian ARMA model

An univariate autoregressive process AR(p) process is expressed as $$y(n) = \sum_{j=1}^p a_jy(n-j) + u(n) $$ is excited by Gaussian sequence, $u$. Paper : On the Computation of the Cramer-Rao Bound ...
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380 views

Link Anomaly Detection in Temporal Network

I came across this paper that uses link anomaly detection to predict trending topics, and I found it incredibly intriguing: The paper is "Discovering Emerging Topics in Social Streams via Link Anomaly ...
7
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718 views

Simulating time-series given power and cross spectral densities

I am having trouble generating a set of stationary colored time-series, given the covariance matrix (their PSDs and CSDs). I know that, given two time-series $y_{I}(t)$ and $y_{J}(t)$, I can ...
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325 views

Algorithm for real-time normalization of time-series data?

I'm working on an algorithm that takes in a vector of the most recent data point from a number of sensor streams and compares the euclidean distance to previous vectors. The problem is that the ...
6
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317 views

Clustering & Time Series

I have a multivariate dataset that changes over time. I have extracted (and normalised) some features and used k-means to generate clusters over the entire span of the dataset. Now I want to see ...
6
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194 views

Examining correlation and long range dependence in time series data with strong diurnal effects

I have data sets of network traffic that exhibit strong diurnal effects making them non-stationary. One of the analysis that I want to run is to show correlation between days. If we chopped up the ...
6
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727 views

Measure score change over time while accounting for baseline differences

I'd like to test for and estimate group differences in NIHSS (National Institute of Health Stroke Scale) change between hospital discharge and three months after hospital discharge. Because the score ...
6
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113 views

Confidence intervals for difference in time series

I have a stochastic model used to simulate time series of some process. I am interested in the effect of changing one parameter to a specific value and want to show the difference between the time ...
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74 views

How to do forecasting with detection of outliers in R? - Time series analysis procedure and Method

I have monthly time series data, and would like to do forecasting with detection of outliers . This is the sample of my data set: ...
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303 views

What is meant by the “level” of a time series?

In much of the literature I'm studying it's one of those terms that occurs frequently yet without a rigorous definition to be found. Specifically, I am told: For time-indexed random variables ...
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640 views

Stationarity tests for time series

I am currently working on time series modeling, especially on stationarity tests. For this purpose, I am extensively using Pfaff's book "Analysis of integrated and cointegrated time series with R" and ...
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240 views

Unit root tests and stationarity

Two common methods of testing whether a time series is stationary are the KPSS and ADF tests. If my understanding is correct, these tests essentially work by measuring the residuals of fitting the ...
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877 views

What is the confidence interval calculated in a spectral density periodogram in R?

This question is similar to the one posed here: Testing significance of peaks in spectral density In that post, Pantera asks how to test whether a peak in a periodogram has a spike that is ...
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787 views

Exogenous variables in VECM

I found the following posts interesting and I was wondering if any of you guys know of good academic papers that describe methods/relationships of exogenous variables in VECM models. If so could you ...
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26 views

Picking block length in a block bootstrap

I am using the Mann-Kendall test to assess trends in a data time-series. I believe there is autocorrelation in my data and therefore need to use a block bootstrap to correct for it. I have plotted ...
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98 views

Attrition Forecasting

I am currently trying to develop a forecast for monthly subscriber attrition that allows me to predict for a future point in time, how many subscribers I have. I have a couple of years worth of ...
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137 views

Determining the effect of number of likes

Let's say I have marketing data and I need to determine how effective the marketing is. The marketing strategy is to publish facebook posts at inconsistent intervals. The goal is to see how the ...
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40 views

Estimating AR process for Logistic Regression

I'm fitting a time-series model with independent $X$ variables coded as months of the year (so there are 12 of them) and the dependent $y$ variable is some proportion, bounded between 0 and 1. As a ...
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93 views

Ideal statistical or machine learning technique to model highly cross-correlated data

I'm trying to build a model that can predict streamflow for an alpine (snowmelt-fed) watershed using snow albedo (roughly, the energy reflectance of the snow) data. Albedo controls the melt of the ...
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86 views

Seasonal Kendall test and the Mann-Kendall test

I am trying to detect trends using non-parametric methods but I'm a little confused as to when you should apply the Seasonal Kendall test. Don't get me wrong I know you apply it when you have ...
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97 views

Generalized Linear Models vs Timseries models for forecasting

What are the differences in using Generalized Linear Models, such as Automatic Relevance Determination (ARD) and Ridge regression, versus Time series models like Box-Jenkins (ARIMA) or Exponential ...
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70 views

How to decide the p and q for GARCH model?

My question is simple. When shall I stop when trying the value for p and q? I have got the loglikelihood from ARCH(1) to ARCH(10). It's increasing. And then I tried GARCH(1,1), GARCH(2,1) etc. The ...
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62 views

How do I solve this stochastic differential equation?

So I have a second order stationary process $Y(t), \infty < t < \infty$ which has a continuous sample function, mean $\mu_Y = 1$ and covariance function $r_Y(t) = e^{-|t|}, -\infty < t < ...
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188 views

Interpretation of the partial autocorrelation function for a pure MA process

I have been working with some time-series theory and I noticed something that I can understand "mathematically", but not based on the intuitive explanations of what the partial auto-correlation ...
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111 views

Determining parameters in AR model for non-stationary time series

I am currently trying to fit an AR model to some financial data. The time series $Y_t$ in levels is clearly non-stationary; however it appears the first differences $dY_t$ are stationary (and this is ...
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51 views

“Average” line over irregular log series data

I have simulation data from 1000 runs, plotting some measurable (in this case convergence of the algorithm) as a function of simulation time. Each run produces a discrete set of points ...
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228 views

How to fit log-linear poisson autoregressive mixed model?

I have time-series count data $N_{i,j}$ (population sizes in site $i$ and year $j$) and I want to correlate year-to-year changes with the environmental conditions $x_{i,j}$. For this, I want to fit ...
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107 views

Probability puzzle about zombies

I am thinking about writing a simple game about zombies. I got stuck trying to calculate how many people should become zombies. Here are my conditions: We have a small rural town of 700 people. One ...
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337 views

Better understanding of GARCH and ARCH models

I want to make a function that does GARCH and ARCH in python for calculating variance. But I only have a general understanding of the model. Are there any good papers that can be recommend to give me ...
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873 views

Time series clustering: Fourier transform and PCA

I have biological time series (9 years long) of the biomass of species which logically exhibit a seasonal pattern. I would like to cluster them into a few groups based on their typical seasonal ...
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274 views

Detecting statistically significant clustering of continuous values

I'm working with biological sequence data where each position in the sequence has an associated continuous value. I'm ignoring the sequence content so the data is very similar to a time series with ...
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283 views

Dealing with missing data in an exponential smoothing model

There does not seem to be a standard way to deal with missing data in the context of the exponential smoothing family of models. In particular, the R implementation called ets in the forecast package ...
4
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443 views

Standardized dependent variable within a group in panel data models?

Does standardizing of a dependent variable within the identifying group make sense? The following working paper (Deforestation slowdown in the Legal Amazon; Prices or Policies?, pdf) uses a ...
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6k views

Confusion with Augmented Dickey Fuller test

I am working on the data set electricity available in R package tsa. My aim is to find out if an ...
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75 views

How to form a confidence band around the trend fitted from time series data

I have a time series data set. I can decompose it and get the trend but I would like to put confidence ranges around the trend (past) not the forecast-ed component. The decompose function also ...
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236 views

detecting circadian rhythm in a time series

I have a sensor that can detect minute changes in distance. It produces a time series. I would like to point it at people and detect things like their sleeping pattern. How would one build a system ...
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304 views

How to design good plots for multiple time series?

I have huge (about 100 000) set of time series. I need to show between 5 to 10 time series, chosen semi-randomly on one chart. Chart estate is very limited - plot for each time series is only 100px x ...
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129 views

Visualizing probability of event over time, based on epoch time

I have a list of epoch/unix times at which an event happened. My hypothesis is that there are certain times during the week when this event might happen more frequently. How can I visualize/determine ...
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197 views

Reference for implementing generalized likelihood ratio test to determine online whether time-series mean has shifted

What is a reference that describes the "generalized likelihood ratio" test to determine online (i.e., meaning that we add an observation, then check, then add an observation, then check) whether the ...
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136 views

Relationship between LASSO T and LARS number of steps k

We can see on the figure (cf Least Angle Regression p30, Efron, Hastie, Johnstone, Tibshirani - link: Least Angle Regression) that there is a direct relationship between: LASSO T absolute norm of ...
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193 views

Estimating parameters of an unknown PID controller

Say that I have your standard PID controller at work. To keep it extremely simple imagine I have a target $x^*$ on the variable $x$. Then the controller is: $y(t) = K_p ( x^* - x_t) + K_i \int_0^t ...
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54 views

Estimating a time frame for interventions or judging the extent to which events become “determined” as time goes on

In certain arenas, it's valuable to be able to intervene early on to prevent problems from getting worse, because after a certain point there's not much you can do. Two examples might be public health ...
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182 views

Forecasting a complex time series by splitting into subseries

I have finance data that I need to forecast out for 7 years. My data is generally debits and credits, and those are split into a number of sub-series which share common traits (e.g. similar ...
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141 views

What's the probability a rabbit will return to a (certain) forest?

Let's assume we have a forest. And there is a breed of rabbits that is visiting that forest all the time. It is possible to distinguish every individual rabbit. There are devices in that forest ...
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189 views

How to analyze mood data over time?

I've collected data for individuals on a team about their daily mood. Each day, individuals rate their mood on a scale that is assigned the following values: 0 (bad), 5 (so-so), 10 (good). Using the ...
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237 views

Testing for the existence of dependencies in time series

What methods exist to test for the existence of any sort of dependence in a time series? This is in contrast to something like auto-correlation, which tests for a particular type of dependency. Is ...
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555 views

How to model time-varying correlation

Suppose I have two time-series variables, $\{x_t\}$ and $\{y_t\}$, where $t\in[1,T]$. I would like to model the correlation $\rho(x_t,y_s)$ as some function of $t$,$s$, and the difference $t-s$. In ...
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142 views

How to denoise a “Poissonous” time series

I have $N$ time series each of which can be modeled as $$y_{kt}=Ax_{kt}+b+\varepsilon_{kt}\quad(1\le k\le N,1\le t\le T),$$ where $x_{kt}\sim\text{Pois}(\lambda\Delta t)$ and $\varepsilon_{kt}\sim ...
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2k views

Intuitive explanation of stationarity

I was wrestling with stationarity in my head for a while... Is this how you think about it? Any comments or further thoughts will be appreciated. Stationary process is the one which generates ...
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75 views

Analysis of Multiple Time Series Data with Exogenous Shocks

Real Life ProblemThis one is a tough one and some crowd sourcing seems like a good way to get some feedback. I am trying to determine the effect of Non-Farm Payroll surprises on a subsector of the ...