Data organized into discrete categories or *classes* may present problems for certain analyses if the number of observations ($n$) belonging to each class is not constant across classes. Classes with unequal $n$ are *unbalanced*.

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How to judge a partition is balanced or unbalanced?

Suppose we distributed $100$ coins to $10$ persons and the $i$-th person got ${x}_{i}$ coins, how to judge the distribution $X=\{{x}_{1}, {x}_{2}, ..., {x}_{n}\}$ (e.g., $X=\{5, 20, 15, 5, 10, 10, 10, ...
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31 views

Class Imbalance

What are the best practices for fitting a binomial classification model when the classes are very imbalanced? For example, 99.9% 1's and 0.1% 0's.
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27 views

Is up- or down-sampling imbalanced data actually that effective? Why?

I frequently hear up- or down-sampling of data discussed as a way of dealing with classification of imbalanced data. I understand that this could be useful if you're working with a binary (as opposed ...
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10 views

positive and negative sample count for ConvNets

I have been trying to set up a ConvNet to classify some data. This data should be classified to either 1 (being what I need to get from the image) and 0 for everything that is irrelevant. I have ...
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1answer
17 views

Affect of Misclassification Cost on SVM

I am using Matlab to train an SVM for very unbalanced data. However, my concern is not so much for the particular class assignment (ie 1/0), but rather to the scores (the prethreshold continuous SVM ...
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49 views

Balanced datasets in Naive Bayes

In a classification model, it is well known that a desirable situation is that all possible classification classes are evenly represented in the training dataset. Datasets that satisfy this property ...
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21 views

multiclass classification and unbalanced dataset

I have a five-class SVM multiclass problem. The dataset is small (about 160 examples) and unbalanced i.e. I have classes with few examples. So far I further limited the dataset to 110 examples in ...
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1answer
25 views

Permutation on multiple Pairwise Comparison with least square means in R 3.1.2

I'm working on a study where I employed an analysis of covariance (Ancova) with unbalanced factors. I used permutation tests to obtain p-values for my estimates since my observation does not come from ...
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7 views

comparing probability of imbalance classes

I am trying to figure out what id the standard way to compare the probability of occurrence of two imbalances classes: let say there 1500 web pages with different languages edition (e.g. Wikipedia). ...
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28 views

cost matrix, unbalanced class, oversampling and threshold probability

Let's suppose I have a cost matrix with TP=+90 FP=-10 TN=0 and FN=-10, and that the class is unbalanced. I need to capture the costs in my decision. To do so, I always consider the probability ...
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1answer
28 views

Binary classification in imbalanced data

I have a binary classification problem where my data is highly imbalanced (80:20). Given this imbalance is present in both training and test set, does it make sense to apply specific strategies during ...
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30 views

SVM One-vs-One vs One-vs-ALL SVM

For an unbalanced dataset annotated by human annotators in which each item is assigned to different classes, what is the argument for and against using any of One-vs-One vs One-vs-ALL SVM ...
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81 views

Does Support Vector Machine handle imbalanced Dataset?

Does SVM handles imbalanced dataset? Is that any parameters (like C, or misclassification cost) handling the imbalanced dataset?
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73 views

Which post-hoc is more valid for multiple comparison of an unbalanced lmer-model: lsm or mcp?

After doing a model comparison with my mixed lmer model, I have a model with three main effects, no interaction, say ...
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42 views

LSmeans - Unbalanced data with interactions

I wish to analyze an unbalanced data set with 3 variables Tleaf, Tair, and orientation (factor with two levels). Considering the effect of the factor "orientation", I wish to determine if "Tair" has a ...
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99 views

Any advice on how to improve my accuracy rate in text classification?

I'm trying to do a text classification task. Here are some specs: Context file size = 1M+ documents already labeled Number of top-labels = 17 Number of sub-labels = around 130 Each document is ...
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29 views

dealing with imbalanced data set in multiclass text classification

I need to build a text classification model. I have a labeled training set and my goal is to classify the new unlabeled text . My training set is composed on 6 categories, that are imbalanced. The ...
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52 views

unary classification in PyBrain

I've just started using PyBrain for some data classification work, and I've gotten it working pretty well where I have data from all possible classes and I can train the network using all the classes. ...
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28 views

Unbalanced groups in a Hierarchical Linear Model

I would appreciate some practical and/or conceptual advice on sample sizes in a two level hierarchical linear model. A lot of the material on sample sizes and HLM is about the number of level 2 ...
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9 views

Multiclass target detection : N X (1 vs all) or 1 X (N vs all) ?

I am doing a multiclass classification using neural networks. say I have 10 target classes and one null (non-of-the-above-targets). is it better that I train a neural network separately for each ...
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2answers
55 views

If one group has 23 participants and the second group has 117 participants in it, can we rely on the result of t-test? [duplicate]

I was evaluating a research paper in which the authors have 23 male participants and 117 female participants. They have applied t-test to calculate Gender differences and have even concluded on ...
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1answer
76 views

Has anyone publicly shared an implementation of RUSBoost in R?

There's no package available on CRAN, so I was hoping someone in the community had written their own function/package. I see it's been done in MATLAB, so I may just have to start with that and write ...
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81 views

Average of predicted values with logistic regression

I have a large unbalanced dataset (the target has ~1500x more 0's than 1's) on which I train a logistic regression algorithm to predict the probability of success (Not a binary outcome but a real ...
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88 views

Unbalanced panel data: Fixed effects?

I have an unbalanced panel dataset with N=10 firms and T=61 days. Because one variable had values outside the theoretical range I had to constrain my dataset, which left me with only 239 observations. ...
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19 views

How to analyze data with unequal observations per cell?

I've got a very poorly designed study, and I need to find a way to analyze the data I've collected. Here's a description of the design: There are two within-subjects variables, one with four levels ...
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93 views

How to avoid random forest overfitting and improve prediction?

I have an input dataset x_train and an output dataset y_train ...
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3answers
77 views

Significant main effect in one-way, but not in two-way, MANOVA

I used a one-way MANOVA to study the effect of age groups on the average of height and weight and found that they were significant. Then I used a two-way MANOVA to study the effect of age groups and ...
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107 views

Which classifiers work well with unbalanced data?

I have a binary classification problem which is very unbalanced - it can have 98% of data from one class. Which classifiers work well with this sort of data? I have an unlimited supply of training ...
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21 views

Achieving high recall for smaller class in unbalanced linear svm

I have an svm-related question. I have an unbalanced dataset, meaning classA could be 1/10 to 1/35 of classB. Well I am interested in getting a linear svm which would separate the data and would ...
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43 views

How to do a power analysis for an unbalanced mixed effects ANOVA?

I need suggestions for how to calculate the $n$ required for 80% and 90% power for >30% change from baseline ($T_0$) at $T_1$ or $T_2$, drug vs. placebo, 2:1 ratio; 20% CV in test; factors: subject, ...
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85 views

How to deal with a skewed class in binary classification having many features?

I am doing data analysis in the mobile ad targeting domain. I have around 18 features and for a combination of these features, the result is either True or False (1/0) depending on whether the ...
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1answer
52 views

Unbalanced test data matter?

I have balanced training data: 300 positives and 300 negatives, but the test data is unbalanced: I have 15 positives and 60 negatives. Will the unbalanced test data impact classification accuracy? ...
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102 views

Training and testing on Unbalanced Data Set

I used SMOTE algorithm in R for class balancing. My data size has 13000 rows, I had 7% minority class in my sample now I used SMOTE( Synthetic Minority Oversampling Technique) for class balancing such ...
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94 views

Logistic sample and case numbers

I have some questions about binary logistic regression. For my research, I am planning to use 12 predictors, and my sample consists of 129 cases. However, I know of a 1 to 10 rule. Additionally, my ...
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176 views

How to deal with unbalanced data

I'm doing data analysis with a dataset of 11795 data points (with 88 features). 85% (9973 points) of these data points correspond to data points belonging to class 1, 5% (589 points) belong to class 2 ...
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21 views

Is it correct to compare two distributions of observed (that are means of observation) and expected values with chi square?

I have 2 classification methods that I want to compare. So I ran them on the same dataset and I obtained 2 different classifications. Then, I want to test if their classification is robust and how. ...
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62 views

Oversampling with categorical variables

I would like to perform a combination of oversampling and undersampling in order to balance my dataset with roughly 4000 customers divided into two groups, where one of the groups have a proportion of ...
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19 views

the effect of unbalanced classes

I have a data set with label "Y" and "N", which is splitted into training and testing sets. The ratio the labels in training and testing sets are 3:1 and 1:1, respectively. If I build model using the ...
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69 views

Improving SVM classification

I have a classification problem (bioinformatics domain) where I have around 333 features. Currently, I am first selecting features (using importance feature of random forest) and then pushing the same ...
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25 views

How to account for multiple & varying amounts of observations per factor level & still retain info? As a random effect in GLMM or take the mean?

I would appreciate any help! Specifically I would like to know which option is best. Question Does Var2 influence Var1 in relation to the factor(Ind), and does Var3 & Var4 also have some effect. ...
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45 views

How to handle imbalanced data using SMOTE-N (nominal data) to generate multiple synthetic data?

I have a classification problem with two classes working on nominal data. I want to apply SMOTE-N to deal with imbalanced data. However, it is not clear to me how to use SMOTE-N for generating N ...
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567 views

One-way ANOVA with unequal sample sizes

I have a function for performing one-way ANOVA in R: ...
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1answer
76 views

Is f-measure synonymous with accuracy?

I understand that f-measure (based on precision and recall) is an estimate of how accurate a classifier is. Also, f-measure is favored over accuracy when we have an unbalanced dataset. I have a simple ...
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66 views

Testing classifier with binomial test when group sizes are unequal

I have data from 50 human subjects, who are divided into groups A and B (30 participants are in group A and 20 participants in group B). I also have a range of measurements from each subject. I have ...
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23 views

Comparing networks of groups of unequal size

I want to compare some network properties such as entropy, connectivity, etc., between 2 groups. I have time series fMRI data on patients (n = 80) and controls (n = 30) for certain regions of the ...
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3answers
296 views

Suggestions for cost-sensitive learning in a highly imbalanced setting

I have a dataset with a few million rows and ~100 columns. I would like to detect about 1% of the examples in the dataset, which belong to a common class. I have a minimum precision constraint, but ...
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2answers
240 views

Handling unbalanced data using SMOTE - NO BIG DIFFERENCE?

I have a classification problem with 2 classes. I have nearly 5000 samples, each of which is represented as vector with 570 features. The positive class samples are nearly 600. Meaning, I have a 1:8 ...
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63 views

Repeated Measures ANOVA or mixed model? And with massive group differences?

I need some guidance on which statistical test to use: I want to know if the nature of frog calls changes depending on the time of day. I observed 4 species of frogs at the same 3 times for several ...
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83 views

Determine if difference in class distribution is statistically significant

I have a dataset of some observations with class attribute of values 0 and 1. The dataset is quite unbalanced (class 1 – 15%, class 0 – 85%). Further this dataset consists of 5 years, and the ...
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177 views

Which metric should I trust to evaluate my predictive model

I am working on predictive model and when I evaluate it, I find good accuracy_score, precision_score, ...