I am looking for a way to test whether a boundary threshold exists in a physiological response – a sample of the data is plotted below. My hypothesis is that the X-variable imposes a physiological constraint on Y-values, thus producing a boundary 'ceiling' for maximum Y-values that decreases at higher X-values (indicated by the red line on figure). I assume any Y-values below the boundary are limited by some other factor not included in this model.
Essentially, my goal is to determine if the boundary exists and if so to derive a confidence interval for the boundary line model – similar to a linear regression model, but describing the upper bound of the Y-values, rather than the center of mass.
I'm sure something like this exists, but I haven't come across it before. Also, I would appreciate any suggestions on a better title or tags for this post – I assume there are more accurate terms for what I'm describing that would help folks find this post.