I got nice graphical representation of Machine learning for clustering / classification.
Here are my thoughts on difference:
Supervised vs Unsupervised:
Supervised learning is the machine learning task of inferring a function from labeled training data. The training data consist of a set of training examples. In supervised learning, each example is a pair consisting of an input object (typically a vector) and a desired output value (also called the supervisory signal). A supervised learning algorithm analyzes the training data and produces an inferred function, which can be used for mapping new examples.
In machine learning, the problem of unsupervised learning is that of trying to find hidden structure in unlabeled data. Since the examples given to the learner are unlabeled, there is no error or reward signal to evaluate a potential solution.
Both of these methods can be classified in linear and non-linear Kernels.
Approaches to unsupervised learning include: clustering (e.g., k-means, mixture models, hierarchical clustering), hidden Markov models,blind signal separation using feature extraction techniques for dimensionality reduction (e.g., principal component analysis, independent component analysis, non-negative matrix factorization, singular value decomposition).
Neutral network artificial neural networks (ANNs) are computational models inspired by an animal's central nervous systems (in particular the brain) which is capable of machine learning as well as pattern recognition. Artificial neural networks are generally presented as systems of interconnected "neurons" which can compute values from inputs.
Among neural network models, the self-organizing map (SOM) and adaptive resonance theory (ART) are commonly used unsupervised learning algorithms. The SOM is a topographic organization in which nearby locations in the map represent inputs with similar properties. The ART model allows the number of clusters to vary with problem size and lets the user control the degree of similarity between members of the same clusters by means of a user-defined constant called the vigilance parameter. ART networks are also used for many pattern recognition tasks, such as automatic target recognition and seismic signal processing.
My questions are as follows:
What is difference between Euclidean-Tree and Kernel-Tree ? or Euclidean-K-Means SOM vs Kernel version?
Difference between SVM vs Neural Network or SOM?
Difference between Correlation and Kernel Matrices ?