(For reference, i am using Kevin P Murphy's Book "Machine Learning: A Probabilistic Perspective" and implementing with MATLAN - without any toolboxes)
I have a dataset with 392 samples (rows), each sample has 8 features (columns), one of which defines the class (i.e. column 1 of features is divided into three equal bins which define the three classes - low, medium, and high).
I am having a really hard time understanding how to create a logistic regression model to classify a sample into one of these three classes.
I just finished learning and making a linear regression model where I learned aboutboth the Ordinary Least Squares (Closed form) solution for the weight vector, and also Gradient Descent (Open Form) solution. But i never implemented gradient descent because my data was fitted perfectly fine with the OLS solution for weight vector.
I am extremely confused how to create a weight vector for Logistic regression, I understand that it requires use of Gradient Descent because there is no closed form solution. I also read about the Newton method for calculating the weights but I don't understand it at all.
And after you use these methods to calculate weights how do you apply the weights to the sample data? In Linear regression it was simply because you simply multiplied the weights by the features (and higher order features for higher order linear regression), but is it the same in logistic regression?
Moreover my understanding so far is that this model only works for binary classification, so how would i do it for three classes?
Basically my question boils down to this:
How exactly do you find the weight vector for logistic regression (using either gradient descent or newtons method, whichever is easier) and how do you apply the weight vector to the sample to get a classification out of it for 3 classes (not just two).