I am doing my first choice experiment with JMP & the tutorial I found at http://blogs.sas.com/content/jmp/2009/01/15/optimal-design-of-the-choice-experiment/

Right now I am not sure if I understood everything correct. The author describes how to do the parameterization for an attribute with 3 levels:

"When there are three levels in increasing utility order, enter negative, then 0."

  1. But what if I have e. g. 4 levels as it is the case for the attribute battery life?. (I think I need to define the prio means in the range from 1 until -1.)

  2. Why did the author decide to use a range from -1 until 1? Why did he not choose any other range like -2 to 2 or -4 to 2?

  3. Should I use different ranges for attributes? E. g. the range -1 till 1 for the attribute price, -2 till 2 for the attribute speed and for all other attributes use the range -1,5 till 1,5?

  4. Every level in the prior variance matrix is 1.000. Is this because the range for the prio mean is between -1 and 1?

  5. In the example below I did not specify any direction for the attribute brand. The prio variance matrix for brand 1 and brand 2 is also 1.000. Is this correct?

  6. Final question :-) Does my first choice design have any issues that terrible scares you?

Many thanks in advance!

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Prior Means, in terms of JMP, are actually utilities. I don't know at all why they call it "Means". Most likely it's because utilities (path-worth) are "means" of something, that sophisticated (hopefully) JMP algorithm uses to calculate utilities.

The same apply to "Variance". It looks like variance and the default "1" is most likely because 1 is variance of standard normal distribution. it's unclear the variance of what. On other hand, the matrix looks pretty much the same as correlation matrix and 1 in this context has obvious meaning. No any manuals say what would be the values other than to themselves (default zeros).

The way how JMP supposes to use Prior Mean and Prior Variance is simple: just run pilot survey and put the data from the analyzed results. I'm not sure if it would be reasonable to guess these values except you have great experience and know what to expect from these kind of "proprietary" numbers.

I saw your posts on JMP blog. The guy with nick LTW suggested that "Means" should sum up to zero. It's true for Sawtooth utilities but not true for JMP results that gives nearly but not exactly 0. It's also totally unclear why amount of these prior utilities aka "Means" equals to (levels -1). That is, if attribute has 5 levels, you should indicate only 4. Nevertheless, nor 5 or 4 levels will come up to zero.


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