# What is the relationship between theta and size in negative binomial distribution?

In negative binomial regression glm.nb(y~x), I got a parameter theta and two coefficients? And then I want to use dnbinom(x, size, prob, mu, log = FALSE) to calculate the predicted probability.

can anyone show me what is the relationship between theta and size, and how to transfer between these two parameters?

If every point's value in a dataset is expanded two times, how does size or theta change?

The $theta from a fitted glm.nb() corresponds to the size in dnbinom(). As a simple example, let's replicate the fitted log-likelihood from scratch. Using the quine data from MASS: library("MASS") m <- glm.nb(Days ~ ., data = quine) logLik(m) ## 'log Lik.' -546.5755 (df=8)  And this value of the log-likelihood can be obtained by summing the dnbinom(..., log = TRUE) values: sum(dnbinom(quine$Days, mu = fitted(m), size = m$theta, log = TRUE)) ##  -546.5755  Doubling the weight of all observations leaves all parameter estimates (including theta) unchanged: quine$weights <- 2
m$theta ##  1.274893 m2$theta