I'm a little stuck on this review problem so help would be greatly appreciated!

Q: We have the regression model $Y_i=\beta_0+\beta_1X_i+\mu_i$ and we assume that the expected errors are $0$. We also know that the asymptotic variance of $\hat{\beta_1}$ is: $$\frac{Var(\mu_i(X_i-E(X_i))}{Var(X_i)}$$

EDITED: Now I have to Show that IF $E[\mu_i^2|X_i]=\sigma^2$ THEN $Var(\mu_i|X_i)=\sigma^2$.

My thoughts: What does knowing the asymptotic variance have to do with anything in this problem? Can I simply solve the following equation?

$$Var(\mu_i^2|X_i)=E[\mu_i^2|X_i] - E([\mu_i|X_i])^2$$

But how?

Step by step help would be greatly appreciated. Many thanks in advance!

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ what is the definition of $\sigma^2$? $\endgroup$
    – Zhanxiong
    Feb 2, 2015 at 18:52
  • $\begingroup$ $\sigma^2$ is the variance, I'm not sure what you mean. Apologies, I added the homework tag although this is not homework. $\endgroup$
    – nicefella
    Feb 2, 2015 at 18:56
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ You haven't supplied enough information to answer this question. You are asking us to show that $\sigma^2$ is a particular variance. But how is $\sigma^2$ defined in the first place? $\endgroup$
    – whuber
    Feb 2, 2015 at 19:52
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Can you edit your title and question body to reflect your changed question? $\endgroup$
    – Glen_b
    Feb 2, 2015 at 22:09
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ "we assume that the expected errors are 0" - is this in conditional expectations? can you write it as an equation? $\endgroup$
    – Aksakal
    Feb 2, 2015 at 22:11

1 Answer 1


Are you talking about residuals or disturbances in the regression. You state that


and that the that the expected errors are 0 (i.e. $E([μ_i|X_i]=0$. Then your result follows immediately

  • 5
    $\begingroup$ This is a good answer (+1) but essentially does someone's homework. It goes some way beyond the "hints and guidance" called for in the self-study tag wiki for routine bookwork problems. I think it would have been better (at least initially) to replace your text following the first equation with something like "can you say anything about the term involving the expected error $E([\mu_i|X_i])$?" $\endgroup$
    – Glen_b
    Feb 2, 2015 at 22:12
  • $\begingroup$ So my original variance equation is correct? I was in doubt as to whether it is correct or not! $\endgroup$
    – nicefella
    Feb 2, 2015 at 23:22
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the reference to the wiki on self-study. The variance term should refer to $var(\mu_i)$ and not $var(\mu_i^2)$. $\endgroup$
    – user1483
    Feb 4, 2015 at 15:49

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