# lme summary() interpretation

Need some help interpreting the summary() -function results.

I am running a lme from the package nlme in R.

I have a simple (and quite small) dataset with three grouping variables: origin, genotype and time, response is a continuous variable named Maxi.

Origin = 2 levels, called Ka and La

Genotype = 3 levels nested within origin Ka and 2 levels nested within origin La

Time = 2 levels nested within each genotype

I am interested in the main effects of Origin, Time and their interaction. In addition to testing I'd like to have their estimates. I want to model the random part as Genotype nested within Origin. Here's the model I had in mind:

model = lme(fixed = Maxi ~ Origin*Time, random = ~ 1 |Genotype)

anova()s etc work fine and there's actually no significant interaction, but

here's the problem:

when I run summary(model), I get:

Fixed effects: Maxi ~ Origin * Time
Value Std.Error DF   t-value p-value
(Intercept)                    15.399386 1.1127382 20 13.839181  0.0000
OriginLa                       -1.986388 1.7702416  3 -1.122100  0.3435
Timeeve                         0.074444 0.8942694 20  0.083246  0.9345
OriginLa:Timeeve               -1.387448 1.5648876 20 -0.886612  0.3858

Where are my estimates for the other levels of the factors? I thought that to be able to interpret these fixed effects the summary-table would have to show all the levels in some manner? Or do I interpret this such that:

1. the estimate for OriginKa is 15.399386
2. the estimate for OriginLa is 15.399386-1.986388
3. the estimate for Timemor is 15.399386
4. the estimate for Timeeve is 15.399386+0.074444

and then I can't even guess how to interpret the interaction estimate...

It doesn't feel intuitively right that the estimates would be the same for both a level of the Origin -factor and a level of the Time factor.

Notes:

1. I did NOT make my data into a groupedData (is it always necessary?)
2. I wanted to include random = 1 ~ |Origin/Genotype in the model but that produced NaNs in the output, apparently the model became too complex or my data is arranged wrongly?

So the Questions are:

1. How do I interpret the summary to get the estimates, or is there something wrong here, or is there another way of getting the estimates. I need the estimates for both levels of Time within both Origins.
2. How do I specify the random effects with this data structure? Have I done it right?

Any pointers?

Here's the data needed to reproduce my problem:

Orig.Genot.Time Maxi
Ka  Ka1     mor 14,59
Ka  Ka1     eve 13,42
Ka  Ka11    mor 14,08
Ka  Ka11    eve 16,29
Ka  Ka15    mor 14,38
Ka  Ka15    eve 14,56
La  La1     mor 17,82
La  La1     eve 13,28
Ka  Ka1     mor 16,44
Ka  Ka1     eve 15,52
Ka  Ka15    mor 13,76
Ka  Ka15    eve 13,55
Ka  Ka1     mor 19,15
Ka  Ka1     eve 19,12
La  La6     mor 10,54
La  La6     mor 11,38
La  La6     eve 10,48
Ka  Ka15    mor 15,25
Ka  Ka15    eve 16,51
La  La1     mor 17,46
La  La1     eve 15,57
Ka  Ka1     mor 16,83
Ka  Ka1     eve 15,63
Ka  Ka15    mor 14,54
Ka  Ka15    eve 15,09
La  La1     mor 11,3
La  La1     eve 11,94

• @tuhinokkaeläin, close. The mean of OriginLa, Timeeve is $\beta_0 + \beta_1 + \beta_2 + \beta_3$, whether or not the interaction is significant. Commented Feb 23, 2015 at 20:44