My question directly relates to one that has already been answered - here: Expected Value and Variance of Estimation of Slope Parameter $\beta_1$ in Simple Linear Regression

However, there is an initial step in the derivation which I don't understand which the proof and the textbook I am reading also just assumes.

The equation for $\hat{\beta_1}$ as a result from the normal equations is:

However, when we get to deriving the variance of $\hat{\beta_1}$ we get to this expression (written better on the previous question above):


My main question is what happened to the $\bar{Y}$ in the numerator? What is happening here?


Consider: $\sum_i(x_i−\bar{x})(Y_i−\bar{Y})$

  • Expand the second term in the product so you can organize it into a difference of two sums.

  • take multiplicative constants (/things that don't change with $i$) outside the sum in the 2nd term

  • show that the second term is zero

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