# Example of a process that is 2nd order stationary but not strictly stationary

Does anybody have a nice example of a stochastic process that is 2nd-order stationary, but is not strictly stationary?

• Sep 29, 2015 at 23:20

Take any process $(X_t)_t$ with independent components that has a constant first and second moment and put a varying third moment.
It is second order stationnary because $E[ X_t X_{t+h} ]=0$ and it is not strictly stationnary because $P( X_t \geq x_t, X_{t+1} \geq x_{t+1})$ depends upon $t$
• Perhaps I am a little confused, or we are using different definitions? Am I correct in thinking that a process is 2nd order stationary if the joint marginal cdfs $F_{X(t),X(t+τ)}$ are equal for all $\tau$? Similarly for a process to be 1st-order stationary the marginal cdfs $F_{X(t)}$ need to be the same for every $t$. So all the moments of the $X(t)$ must be equal. 2nd-order stationary implies 1st-order stationary, correct? Aug 9, 2010 at 7:44
• Extending this, a process is $N$th order stationary if for every $t_1, t_2, \dots, t_N$ the marginal cdfs $F_{X(t_1 + \tau), X(t_2 + \tau)\dots,X(t_N+\tau)}$ are the same for all $\tau$. Strictly stationary is Nth order stationary for all N. Aug 9, 2010 at 7:45