I am looking for statistical methods used to compare frequency of observations between two groups. I have two geographical locations with data on different soil types present.
for example, my data looks like this:
Location Name Soil Type A Soil Type B Soil Type C Soil Type D Location1 23 45 32 54 Location 2 56 64 31 13
Each location has soil types A, B, C, D. The numbers are the number of times a specific soil type occurs in that location. For example soil type A occurs 23 times in location 1 and 59 time in location 2 (the data is bigger than the example).
I want to analyse how different the soil type in location 1 is, as compared to location 2. What is the best test to perform?