# Linear regression with interaction SPSS

I have to run a linear regression analysis with an interaction effect of two categorical variables:

• Modality (audio, visual and audio-visual)
• Repetition (1x, 2x and 4x)

I have already dummified the variables. Before I can run the analyses I have to compute the interaction term. But I don't know how I have to do this in the case of a variables with 3 categories (Because I have two dummy variables for each independent variable).

As a general principal, interactions are generally obtained by taking the product of the dummies included in the model

For example, if you include "visual" and "audio-visual" as levels of the first factor, and "2x" and "4x" as levels of the second (leaving "audio" and "1x" as baseline), then you'd have the four interaction dummies

"visual"x"2x"
"visual"x"4x"
"audio-visual"x"2x"
"audio-visual"x"4x"

calculated as an ordinary product of the main effect dummies. But I bet SPSS has a way of doing it more directly than you actually calculating them by multiplication (it's so many decades since I used SPSS I don't recall).

• SPSS has a function where you can enter the interaction term, so by doing this you can include it in your regression analysis. The two independent variables that I use have 3 categeries (so I have two dummy variables for each independent variable): Modality_Dummy1 Modality_Dummy2 Repetition_Dummy1 Repetition_Dummy2 I don't know how to enter the interaction term in this case. When the independent variables have two categories you can just enter modality * repetition. But do you think that I have to include more interaction terms in this case? – NadineV Jul 23 '15 at 9:46
• If you can just put in the categorical variables, it should calculate all the individual terms for you. – Glen_b Jul 23 '15 at 9:54