They are different methods, independently of the number of response variables. Both methods combine PCA with ordinary multiple regression but it's done in a crucially different way. For a matrix of predictor variables X and one of dependent variables Y, principal component regression performs a PCA on predictor matrix X and then uses those principal components as regressors on Y. This technique removes multicolinearity but does not reduce the number of predictors down to the “best” subset. Picking out manually the most informative components won't work because these components were made from the variables in X and are therefore informative only to X, not Y.
On the other hand, PLS finds components which explain the covariance between X and Y (and calls them “latent vectors”). Hence, with PLS it's safer to assume that more informative components correspond to more relevant predictors.