I have been working on this for the past 4 hours.. sadly. I need to get the null and alternative hypothesis from an article that states a p value, and I chose this one.
Volume 39, Number 2, March-April 2015, American Journal of Health behavior, "Subjective Social Status and Readiness to Quit among Homeless Smokers."
It seems that the hypothesis (the one of many I chose) is "Higher SSS Community rankings will relate to greater readiness to quit." However, I am not sure how I could convert that to a null/alt hypothesis seeing as I don't know what numbers for me to set a mean equal to. The paper contains a lot but in my attempt to summarize, it attempts to show that a higher SSS rating (perception of your own status in the social hierarchy) among homeless people is linked to a higher readiness to smoke.
To simplify, how to I get both hypotheses (null/alt) in an article such as the listed when it isn't layed out in a nice question format such as what I am used to? What is the null and alternative in this situation?
What I understand so far and seem to be the information necessary to know is this:
The readiness to quit smoking at the lowest SSS Community (1) is -.03 and for the highest SSS Community (9) is .32, so the hypothesis is true since more are ready to quit if the SSS is higher. The probability is is "p < .001"
My problem is, I don't know how to put it into the format I was taught, which is Ho: (Mu) = x I am not sure how to take the information I have and get the two hypotheses.