I am using the library caret in R to test various modelling procedures.

The trainControl object allows one to specify a re-sampling method. The methods are described in the documentation section 2.3 and include: boot, boot632, cv, LOOCV, LGOCV, repeatedcv and oob. Although some of these are easy to infer, not all of these methods are clearly defined.

What are the procedures corresponding to these resampling methods?

  • $\begingroup$ documentation link is broken. Use this instead. $\endgroup$
    – vikas
    Dec 4, 2016 at 2:46

2 Answers 2


Ok, here is my try:

  • boot - bootstrap
  • boot632 -- 0.632 bootstrap
  • cv -- cross-validation, probably this refers to K-fold cross-validation.
  • LOOCV -- leave-one-out cross validation, also known as jacknife.
  • LGOCV -- leave-group-out cross validation, variant of LOOCV for hierarchical data.
  • repeatedcv -- is probably repeated random sub-sampling validation, i.e division to train and test data is done in random way.
  • oob -- refers to out-of-bag estimation proposed by Breiman, which further is related to bootstrap aggregating. (The file in the link is not a ps file, but a ps.Z file, rename it and then try opening.)
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ I believe that LGOCV is random splitting between a training set and validation set, repeated n times. So, instead of the ordinary case of splitting data between train and hold-out (build model on train and validate on hold out) once, this process is repeated many times. $\endgroup$
    – B_Miner
    Nov 11, 2011 at 19:30
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ I also believe that repeatedCV is k-fold cross validation, done multiple times. $\endgroup$
    – B_Miner
    Nov 11, 2011 at 19:31
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Hard to believe this isn't documented somewhere. $\endgroup$
    – andrew
    Oct 16, 2016 at 16:49

The repeatedcv is repeated 10–fold cross–validation for sure, according to Max Kuhn's presentation. The default resampling scheme is the bootstrap.

A good file that you can look about resampling methods is Predictive Modeling with R and the caret Package (pdf). Max presented this in "useR! 2013".


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