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I am trying to implement a simple convolutional autoencoder in theano. The architecture I have in mind is:

in --> conv --> non-linearity --> max-pool --> upsample --> deconv --> non-linearity --> out

No fully connected hidden layers yet. The weights in the conv and deconv layers are tied, so really there is only one set of parameters to learn: the weights connecting in --> conv. Currently, this isn't working; I'm quickly getting weights that go to nan very quickly.

One thing that bothers me is the asymmetry of where the non-linearities are placed. Maybe the second non-linearity layer should be placed between upsample and deconv?

Can someone offer some advice? I have read similar posts on this topic, but they don't address this issue, or the problem of weights going to nan.

Other details: I'm using the sigmoid function for the non-linearity for now. Also, I'm doing the upsampling by inserting zeros in all the unknown locations.

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