Let's say I have the done the following biological experiment:
I have 10 genetically different bacterial clones, which I have competed against a common reference clone (ancestral). I can then calculate a ratio, which tells me the competitive ability of the test clone. If this ratio is significantly above or below zero, then the test clone is competitively superior or inferior (respectively), relative to the reference.
Now, I am then carrying wilcoxon tests to ask, for each clone, whether this ratio is significantly different from 0. I have obtained my 10 p-values and I would like to know whether people think that in such a case, one should be correcting for multiple comparisons or not?
If I was comparing the ratio of all clones against each other, I would be ok with doing multiple comparisons, but in this case I am unsure.