# Proportional hazards assumption

The proportional hazards assumption basically says that the hazard rate does not vary with time. That is, $\text{HR}(t) \equiv \text{HR}$. When can we assume this? What if the hazard ratios at various times are: $2.4, 2.36, 2.27$ and $2.03$? Can we make the proportional hazards assumption? Also we have $$\log[h(t|\textbf{x})] = \log[h_{0}(t)] + \beta_{1}x_1 + \dots + \beta_{p}x_{p}$$

Why do we need to estimate $h_{0}(t)$? If we have $h(t|\textbf{x})$, why can't we just put all the values of the predictors to zero to get $h_{0}(t)$?

Edit. I want a means to assess whether the PH assumption is true.

• Your question needs some clarity. It appears you are talking about a hazard ratio, not a hazard rate. Is there a reason you've chosen that particular regression equation - there are many ways to approach a survival analysis. And what do you mean by "when" can we assume this - do you want a set of circumstances where it's true, or a means to assess whether its true in your case? Nov 27, 2011 at 3:00
• What software do you want the "means to assess whether the PH assumption is true"? In my previous question I'm trying to deal with the problem that you have after testing the PH assumption but the top part shows how you check by using Grambsch and Therneau's method. Nov 27, 2011 at 7:59
• The software you used should provide tests of this. For example, SAS will use the method of Lin, Wei and Ying (1993) (see the documentation for PHREG and, in particular, the ASSESS statement) Nov 27, 2011 at 13:09