Given a data set with $N=2634$ and $T=92$, I want to estimate a dynamic model. My first though was to use a classic System GMM estimator, however digging through the literature it turned out that there might be problems with biased estimators when using GMM on data sets with large $T$. I read a couple of papers, mostly based on Alvarez and Arrelano (2003) and most claim that it is the relative size that matters, i.e., $T/N$. If $T/N \to 0$, then the bias should be negligible. However, I also found sources that claimed that the absolute length of $T$ was also relevant.

Also, it seems that there is no shortage of analyses on the asymptotic properties of different estimators for dynamic panel models with large $N$ and $T$, but the results seem contradictive and not coherent.

So my question is twofold:

  1. is it true that all what matters is $T$ in relation to $N$, or does the absolute length of $T$ matter as well?
  2. which estimator shows the best performance in practice for panels with large $N$ and $T$?

1 Answer 1


Large T, Large N----> Pooled Mean Group, Pesarin and Shin..Check it out.

  • $\begingroup$ Welcome to Crossvalidated. Thank you for your answer. Please edit your first answer and delete the second one. $\endgroup$
    – Ferdi
    Jan 3, 2017 at 17:07
  • $\begingroup$ Interesting choice of papers...you state that, with unbalanced panel data, the Pesaran and Shin approach won't work. In that case, are there any options? $\endgroup$
    – user78229
    Jan 3, 2017 at 17:08
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ This is being automatically flagged as low quality, probably because it is so short. At present it is more of a comment than an answer by our standards. Can you expand on it? We can also turn it into a comment. $\endgroup$ Jan 3, 2017 at 17:17

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