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A distribution that is a "Mixture model" has a very similar definition as a "multimodal" distribution.

Wikipedia Says:

a multimodal distribution is a continuous probability distribution with two or more mode

Now to compare:

In statistics, a mixture model is a probabilistic model for representing the presence of subpopulations within an overall population, without requiring that an observed data set should identify the sub-population to which an individual observation belongs.

What is the difference between the two? They sound like they are the same thing!

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To complement @matt's answer, you can also consider the beta distribution with $\alpha = .5$ and $\beta = .5$. It is illustrated by the red line in the figure below (copied from Wikipedia). As you can see, it is multimodal (viz., bimodal), but it isn't a mixture distribution:

enter image description here

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Imagine a scenario where two distributions (e.g., two univariate normals) have the same mean, but different variances. In this example, they together form a unimodal distribution from a mixture of two different populations.

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  • $\begingroup$ Ohh, nice! But in most cases, a multimodal distribution would be a mixture modal, right? $\endgroup$
    – user46925
    Feb 28, 2016 at 20:46
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    $\begingroup$ @zero if you persist is spelling "model" as "modal" it's not surprising you're getting confused with "multimodal". (I fixed your title but you're also typing it in comments) $\endgroup$
    – Glen_b
    Feb 28, 2016 at 23:02
  • $\begingroup$ lol - I'm fixing that. $\endgroup$
    – user46925
    Feb 28, 2016 at 23:05

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