About combining multiple test statistics, Wikipedia says

This Z-score (for the overall meta-analysis) is appropriate for one-sided right-tailed p-values; minor modifications can be made if two-sided or left-tailed p-values are being analyzed.

What are those minor modifications?

  • modified the wikipedia page aligned with answers below. – tim Sep 14 '15 at 19:09
up vote 10 down vote accepted

1) If two-sided p-values are being analyzed, you use the two-sided p-value in the calculation of the $Z_i$. The two-sided p-value is $\tilde{p}_i = p_i/2$.

2) If left-tailed p-values are used, you use $1-p_i$ instead of $p_i$ in the calculation of the $Z_i$.

  • 1
    I don’t get the rationale of your definition of $\widetilde p_i$. I would have put $Z_i = \Phi^{-1}(1-p_i/2)$, and use as a score $\sum Z_i^2$ which follows a χ²(k) distribution. – Elvis Dec 21 '11 at 19:35
  • @ElvisJaggerAbdul-Jabbar: You are correct, I was suffering a momentary fit of stupidity. I've edited the answer appropriately. – jbowman Dec 21 '11 at 19:59
  • I was apparently suffering the same kind of syndrome, as I now don’t understand why I wanted to take the same of squared $Z_i$. I think your answer is now perfect (+1). – Elvis Dec 21 '11 at 20:58

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