I am fitting a logistic regression model for the likelihood of patients suffering morbidity after surgery. The most commonly used prediction tool at the moment is POSSUM (Physiological and Operative Severity Score for the enUmeration of Mortality and Morbidity), which I would like to compare my model against.
In terms of discrimination, I have the Area Under the ROC curves calculated for both and would like to compare the two.
It seems in Stata that the command to use is
roccomp. This produces a chi2 statistic and a p-value.
The R equivalent seems to require the
pROC package and the function to use is
roc.test(). However this function returns a z-statistic and p-value.
Looking at the documentation, both seem to be implementations of DeLong et al's methods of comparing AUROCs, but I cannot for the life of me understand why one gives a chi2 and the other a z-statistic. Are the tests equivalent?
Reference: 1. Elisabeth R. DeLong, David M. DeLong and Daniel L. Clarke-Pearson (1988) “Comparing the areas under two or more correlated receiver operating characteristic curves: a nonparametric approach”. Biometrics 44, 837--845.
EDIT: Does this have anything to do with the explanation: At What Level is a $\chi^2$ test Mathematically Identical to a $z$-test of Proportions? ?