Does anyone know how to do cluster analysis that considers the uncertainty (s.e. or confidence intervals in the data?) I want to do cluster analysis on group estimates state-level and regional estimates), but I do not know how to define or include the error in these data.
See for example:
Schubert, E., Koos, A., Emrich, T., Züfle, A., Schmid, K. A., & Zimek, A. (2015).
A framework for clustering uncertain data.
Proceedings of the VLDB Endowment, 8(12), 1976-1979.
and the references therein.
There is uncertain k-means in several variants, fuzzy DBSCAN, ... many more