1
$\begingroup$

Let $y_i$ follow $\operatorname{Bin}(n_i,p_i)$ and for $p_i$ we consider the logit quadratic model: $$\log\frac{p_i}{1-p_i}=\beta_0+\beta_1A_i+\beta_2(A_i-\operatorname{mean}A)^2$$ where $A_i$ is AGE_i during the $i$th time.

It is part of example 9.3 from the book Bayesian Computation With R, but with a twist in the regression formula.

enter image description here enter image description here

The question is:

If the regression vector is $\beta=(\beta_0,\beta_1,\beta_2)$ has a uniform noninformative prior write an R code to compute the logarithm of the posterior density of $\beta$.

Question: How is the posterior density is computed without R?

Attempt: $$p(y_i|p_I)={n_i\choose y_i}p_i^{y_i}(1-p_i)^{n_i-y_i}=\operatorname{Beta}(y_i+1,n_i-y_i+1)$$ and the prior is $$p(p_i)\propto 1 \,.$$ Then $$p(p_i|y_i)\propto p(y_i|p_i)p(p_i)=\operatorname{Beta}(y_i+1,n_i-y_i+1)$$

Is this correct? I think there is something missing because I did not use the vector $\beta$.

EDIT: I found that $$p(y|\beta)=\displaystyle\prod_{i=1}^n{n_i\choose y_i}\left(\frac{e^{n_i}}{1+e^{n_i}}\right)^{y_i}\left(\frac{1}{1+e^{n_i}}\right)^{n_i-y_i}$$ So then if we multiply it by 1 to get the posterior we get :

$$p(\beta|y)=\displaystyle\prod_{i=1}^n{n_i\choose y_i}\left(\frac{e^{n_i}}{1+e^{n_i}}\right)^{y_i}\left(\frac{1}{1+e^{n_i}}\right)^{n_i-y_i}$$

What can I do after that? Is this proportional to something better?

$\endgroup$
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Yes something is missing. Specifically $p_i$ is a function of the $\beta$s. So the step where you set the likelihood equal to a beta isn't correct. $\endgroup$ – jaradniemi May 5 '16 at 15:08
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @jaradniemi Could you please help me a little bit? How do I fix this? $\endgroup$ – Iniciador May 5 '16 at 15:09

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.