Let's say I'm trying to compare if two groups of people are significantly different from each other in terms of their access to the internet.
One could code each person's internet access categorically (doesn't have, has), or as a numerical score (0, 1).
I can easily use the Chi-Square test to compare the 2 groups using the categorical values.
My question is, is it also valid to use the t-test to compare the scores (the average score for each group)? The reason I ask is that one of the requirements of the t-test is that the dependent variable be normally distributed. Do 2-level dependent variables (e.g. with values 0 and 1) pass the 'normally distributed' test?
(Bonus question, is data such as male/female considered binomial? If not, what's a good name to describe such 2-level data?)