# Simulate different types of outliers (with R) in a linear regression?

I'm trying to simulate a regression model with outliers to implement and understand more deeply the robust regression. I tried using a mixture between normal errors and uniforms.But as you can see, the estimates do not suffer large variations. I have also tried with a mixture of normal errors, but does not work. My aim is to illustrate the benefits of using M-estimates. Additionally, if you could help generate outliers with high leverage (to use S-estimates) would be very grateful

    library(quantreg)
rm(list=ls())
set.seed(1234)

n<-500
y<-as.numeric(n)
x<-as.numeric(n)
error<-as.numeric(n)
for (i in 1:n){
x1 <- rnorm(1,0,1)
x2 <- runif(1,200,201)
u <- runif(1)
k <- as.integer(u > 0.99) #vector of 0?s and 1?s
error[i] <- (1-k)* x1 +  k* x2 #the mixture
x[i]<-runif(1,0,10)
y[i]<-10+2*x[i]+error[i]
}
hist(error)

ls<-summary(lm(y~x))
l1<-summary(rq(y~x))
ls$coef[,1] l1$coef[,1]

plot(y~x)
abline(a=ls$coef[1,1],b=ls$coef[2,1], col="red", lwd=3)
abline(a=l1$coef[1,1],b=l1$coef[2,1], col="blue", lwd=3) • why don't you try 'x2 <- runif(1,-100,100)' because your 'outliers' are parallen with your line 10+2x when you choose 'x2 <- runif(1,200,201)' – user83346 Jul 21 '16 at 7:20
• When performing the exercise you suggest, these outliers remain parallel to the regression line. I finally decided to use other ordered pairs from another model. For example, y<-10 + 15 * x+error – Héctor Garrido Jul 21 '16 at 7:27