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How are PCA, LDA, CCA, and PLS related? They all seem "spectral" and linear algebraic and very well understood (say 50+ years of theory built around them). They are used for very different things (PCA for dimensionality reduction, LDA for classification, PLS for regression) but still they feel very closely related.

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Tijl De Bie wrote an interesting chapter "Eigenproblems in Pattern Recognition" which talks about exactly these from a primal/dual perspective. The three tables at the end summarise really nicely from an optimisation perspective:

Table 1

Table 2

Table 3

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