I am not sure which method to choose for my analysis: multilevel model or panel analysis (random effects) with clustered stand. errors. I have a panel data with several economic variables, e.g. profit or sales for 400 European firms over 7 years. I first tried to use panel analysis (random effects based on Hausman test in Stata). My results were insignificant. The possible reason are the industry and country-specific differences. So I tried to cluster the std. err. using country or industry as cluster variable still using panel analysis. My first question: is there any possibility to include both cluster variables in the model?
Besides I red about three-level hierarchical models that can be alternative to panel analysis with clustered std. errors. Since some of my independent variables are measured at the country level and other at the individual level it seems appropriate. I estimated multi-level model in Stata and got the different sings for my coefficients but partly significant results. Since the results are that much different I am not sure which method to choose.
The last problem is how overcome the heteroscedasticity, autocorrelation and outliers. There are some methods to test and account for these problems in case of panel analysis (in Stata I can use
xtscc,xtgls, xtpcse), but I found little information for multi-level models.