# Why use standard error to approximate the true mean?

We use the SE in order to tell, how far away are we to the true mean.

Why does this formula use the standard deviation of a sample to compute the mean of the sample means ? (with other words, true population mean)

Wouldn't it somehow be more intuitive it the formula for computing the mean of the sample means would have the mean of the actual sample inside it ?

$$SE = \frac{s}{\sqrt{n}}$$

• I don't follow your question. The SE is the standard error, what does this have to do with the "mean of means"? (I guess you meant the expected value of the mean) Mar 22, 2017 at 0:11
• @Firebug I just edited it
– Oleg
Mar 22, 2017 at 0:22
• Central limit theorem?
– ABCD
Mar 22, 2017 at 1:24
• The standard error doesn't tell you how far you are from the true mean - you can't use it to work out where the true mean is, relative to your sample mean - but rather it measures the uncertainty in your estimate in the mean. The standard error gives you some idea of how far out your sample mean might be from the true mean, but not eg in which direction it is wrong, so you can't use it to improve your estimate. Mar 22, 2017 at 11:42

e.g. if you wanted to give a confidence interval for that population mean of the distribution of sample means, it would typically be based on that sample mean $\pm$ a margin of error (interval halfwidth) that is a multiple of that standard error.