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A text defines "census" as a survey of the entire population and "sample" as a survey of part of the population. But the text also claims the US Census is an example of a census. It seems to me the US Census is actually an example of a sample not a census because not every person fills out a survey. Is that correct or am I missing something?

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    $\begingroup$ The United States Census Bureau surveys all households in the United States every ten years to get a complete count of all U.S. citizens. When some households don't respond individuals are sent personally to the homes to get the count. $\endgroup$ – Michael Chernick Mar 31 '17 at 12:14
  • $\begingroup$ The US Census attempts to be a census, but for practical reasons it falls a little short and must impute some missing values. I sympathize with this: I believe that I am a living person, even though some small parts of me have been lost or replaced by non-biological materials. $\endgroup$ – whuber Mar 31 '17 at 14:36

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