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I know theres a similar answered question to mine on this forum but I would like to ask a new question for my specific case and would also like to ask further questions for some of the answers that were given there as well.

I have just received the results from a quesionnaire I did where some of the questions were in likert scale, 1 (Strongly agree) to 5 (Strongly disagree). When I tried doing a chi-square test for independence for two question responses, I got the below results and warning message about expected counts being less than 5 for some cells. I've asked in another place about this and one person said to combine columns or eliminate respondents but I really don't want to remove or alter my data. Is there a way of fixing this problem without changing data too much that it'll affect the results?

Also in the other post that I earlier mentioned, someone commented that the chi-square test is "poorly disposed to handling varying numbers of categories within a single test". Is that the case with me? If, so what test should I use?

Further background: For my research, one of the thing I want to do is to compare the relationship between different variables such as recycling attitude and recycling behavior.

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    $\begingroup$ Since attitudes to recycling is an ordered categorical variable why not use ordered logistic regression? $\endgroup$
    – mdewey
    May 7 '17 at 14:37
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    $\begingroup$ The chi square approximation does not work well when you have such sparse cells. You can use a form of Fisher's exact test. $\endgroup$ May 7 '17 at 15:36
  • $\begingroup$ To mdewey: I'm not familiar with regression but I'll give it a shot. Also, I'm still not sure whether to set my data as nominal or ordinal in my statistical software which is why I posted a question about this: stats.stackexchange.com/questions/277931/… But I think the answer is that ordinal is better since I have more options. So logistic regression a better tool to use in your opinion? $\endgroup$ May 7 '17 at 15:44
  • $\begingroup$ To Michael: I'm not familiar with Fisher's tests. What specific form is this? $\endgroup$ May 7 '17 at 15:47
  • $\begingroup$ en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fisher%27s_exact_test $\endgroup$
    – whuber
    May 7 '17 at 20:53

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