# How can I obtain z-values instead of t-values in linear mixed-effect model (lmer vs glmer)?

I am wondering why in my lmer model the summary() only yields t-values rather than z-values, such as here:

model <- lmer(area~Register+(1|subject), data = ev)
summary(model)

Linear mixed model fit by REML
t-tests use  Satterthwaite approximations to degrees of freedom ['lmerMod']
Formula: area ~ Register + (1 | subject)
Data: ev

REML criterion at convergence: 166.3

Scaled residuals:
Min       1Q   Median       3Q      Max
-1.60697 -0.46989  0.06558  0.69561  1.41818

Random effects:
Groups   Name        Variance Std.Dev.
subject  (Intercept) 1.185    1.089
Residual             1.747    1.322
Number of obs: 45, groups:  subject, 15

Fixed effects:
Estimate Std. Error      df t value Pr(>|t|)
(Intercept)              11.2827     0.4421 31.6600  25.522  < 2e-16 ***
RegisterIDS               1.2339     0.4826 28.0000   2.557  0.01627 *
RegisterLombard\nSpeech   1.3630     0.4826 28.0000   2.824  0.00863 **
---
Signif. codes:  0 ?**?0.001 ?*?0.01 ??0.05 ??0.1 ??1

Correlation of Fixed Effects:
(Intr) RgsIDS
RegisterIDS -0.546
RgstrLmbrdS -0.546  0.500


I am wondering in what circumstances will R report z-values? I saw in some papers that people obtained z-values with binominal dependent values, is this the only circumstance that z-values appear?

tl;dr lmer (linear mixed models) labels this column as a "t statistic", while glmer (generalized linear mixed models) labels it as a "Z statistic", but they're actually the same number. This mirrors the difference between the way lm and glm report their output.
The "t statistics" reported by lmer (assuming a Gaussian distribution of observations conditional on fixed and random effects) and the "Z statistics" reported by glmer (assuming binomial, Poisson, etc. ... distributions ...) are really the same number, i.e. the point estimate divided by the estimate of its standard error (you can check this via cc <- coef(summary(fitted_model)); cc[,"Estimate"]/cc[,"Std. Error"]). In a standard least-squares fit, we can prove that this quantity is $t$-distributed, and we can derive the corresponding degrees of freedom exactly. We can also do this for some linear mixed models (i.e. balanced designs with single or nested random effects only). For more complex linear mixed models there are various approximations (Satterthwaite, Kenward-Roger; see the pbkrtest or lmerTest packages) for deriving the approximate distribution of $\bar x/\hat \sigma$.
For generalized linear models, the finite-size corrections are less well understood and disseminated; the sampling distribution of $\bar x/\hat \sigma$ for non-Normal responses is not t-distributed even in simple cases (it's also not Z-distributed, except asymptotically). There is some literature on approximate finite-size corrections under the rubric of Bartlett corrections, but the standard practice in GLMs is to report these values as "Z statistics" and assume (when calculating p-values) that people know that they're assuming the sample size is large.