I am trying to conduct a meta-analysis in R using the metafor package. My data set is sex-specific prevalence of parasitisms of 150 ish mammal species. The aim of my analysis is to see whether there is a bias or not in parasite prevalence (i.e. parasitism in mammals is male-biased, female-biased or balanced).
I would like to run three models, one for all parasites, one for blood parasites and one for gastrointestinal parasites.
Now, when it comes to choosing the meta-analysis model I am not sure what to choose. I know the assumptions on which both models are based but the the variability between the prevalence studies from my point of view is not much, the principal differences usually is just the sample size.
I read somewhere that I should take the heterogeneity as references... and here it is:
All parasites I^2 = 47.06%, Q(df = 146) = 243.5527, p-val < .0001
Blood I^2 = 50.81%, Q(df = 95) = 159.4225, p-val < .0001
Gastrointestinal I^2 =36.10%, Q(df = 50) = 78.4733, p-val = 0.0062
according to this should I use for the first two random effect model and fixed for the third??
I hope I explained myself clearly. Thanks in advance.