# Normalised binomial random variable

Assume $Z$ is a Binomial random variable with a distribution function $$f(z)=\binom{n}{z}p^z(1-p)^{n-z}$$ What is the distribution of the random variable $Z/n$? Does it have a name? Any close form expression of the distribution of $Z/n$ will be highly appreciated.

• It is a sample estimate of the proportion p, the maximum likelihood estimate.. – Michael R. Chernick Mar 14 '18 at 23:55
• If Z is the number of "successes" out of n trials, then Z/n is the proportion of successes out of n trials. It has the exact same distribution as Z, just for arguments that are 0/n,1/n,2/n,...,n/n rather than 0,1,2,...,n. – Zahava Kor Mar 15 '18 at 1:09

We can get a closed form for the pmf but it's not very exciting. Let $W = Z/n$ and let $f_W$ and $f_Z$ be the pmfs of $W$ and $Z$ respectively. Since $$f_W(w) = P(W = w) = P(Z/n = w) = P(Z = nw) = f_Z(nw),$$ we have $$f_W(w) = f_Z(nw) = {n \choose nw}p^{nw}(1-p)^{n-nw}$$ supported on $w \in \{0, \frac 1n, \frac 2n, \dots, 1\}$ or equivalently $nw \in \{0, 1, \dots, n\}$.