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I wanted to make a graph for my data which looks something like this (This sample image is taken from Google):

This sample image is taken from Google

But, I am not able to search what is the name of this graph which shows frequencies on the X-axis or what is it called?

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    $\begingroup$ The x axis shows category labels. The counts (or frequencies) are shown on the y axis. In general, by googling "statistical graphics gallery" you can find examples of many graphics with common names. $\endgroup$ – whuber Jul 18 '18 at 16:47
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First of all: it's just a barplot (or barchart) with an additional feature. I personally prefer to put the frequencies inside the bars.

To recreate your data, I use:

mydata <- c(rep("USA", 11), "Russia", "China", "India") 

Then to create an R equivalent of your plot:

frequencies <- sort(table(mydata), decreasing = TRUE)

bp <- barplot(frequencies          # bp contains the central x-coords of the bars
             , main = "Aircraft Carriers" # title
             , xlab = "Country"    # x-axis label
             , ylab = "Number")    # y-axis label

text(  x = bp                # x-coords of the labels
     , y = frequencies       # y-coords of the labels (change this is you need to)
     , labels = frequencies  # the frequencies are the labels
     , pos = 1)              # put text below the x,y-coordinates

To produce:

Aircraft carriers per country.

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It is a column chart with data table.

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